54 research outputs found

    Barriers to conservative care from patients' and nephrologists' perspectives: The CKD-REIN Study

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    International audienceBACKGROUND: Conservative care is increasingly considered an alternative to kidney replacement therapy for kidney failure management, mostly among the elderly. We investigated its status and the barriers to its implementation from patients' and providers' perspectives. METHODS: We analyzed data from 1204 patients with advanced CKD (eGFR \textless 30 mL/min/1.73 m2) enrolled at 40 nationally representative nephrology clinics (2013-2016) who completed a self-administered questionnaire about the information they received and their preferred treatment option, including conservative care, if their kidneys failed. Nephrologists (N = 137) also reported data about their clinics' resources and practices regarding conservative care. RESULTS: All participating facilities reported they were routinely able to offer conservative care, but only 37% had written protocols and only 5% a person or team primarily responsible for it. Overall 6% of patients were estimated to use conservative care. Among nephrologists, 82% reported they were fairly or extremely comfortable discussing conservative care, but only 28% usually or always offered this option for older (\textgreater75 years) patients approaching kidney failure. They used various terminology for this care, conservative management and non-dialysis care mentioned most often. Among patients, 5% of those \textgreater75 years reported receiving information about this option, and 2% preferring it. CONCLUSIONS: Although reported by nephrologists to be widely available and easily discussed, conservative care is only occasionally offered to older patients, most of whom report they were not informed of this option. The lack of a person or team responsible for conservative care and unclear information appear to be key barriers to its implementation

    Effectiveness and Tolerance of Renin-Angiotensin System Inhibitors With Aging in Chronic Kidney Disease

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    International audienceOBJECTIVES: Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors (RASi) are recommended for slowing chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression to kidney failure. Their effectiveness and tolerance as patients age remain uncertain because older patients have often been excluded from clinical trials. DESIGN: CKD-REIN cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We studied 2762 patients with CKD stages 3 and 4 and a clinical indication for RASi enrolled between 2013 and 2016 in 40 nephrology clinics nationally representative in France. METHODS: The primary outcome was the occurrence of kidney failure or death. The secondary outcomes were the occurrence of cardiovascular events and hospitalizations with acute kidney injury (AKI) or hyperkalemia. A propensity score analysis was performed. We used Cox models to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for each outcome associated with RASi prescription and tested interactions with age. RESULTS: Patients' mean age was 67 years, including 841 (30%) aged 75 years and older; 2178 (79%) were prescribed RASi's. During a median follow-up of 4.6 years, 33% of patients reached kidney failure or died. RASi prescription was associated with a lower risk of kidney failure or death (HR 0.79, 95% CI 0.66, 0.95), an association not modified by age (P for interaction = .72). It was not significantly associated with cardiovascular events. During the first 3 years of follow-up, 14% of patients were hospitalized with AKI or hyperkalemia, but risk was not higher among those prescribed RASi's (HR 0.75, 95% CI 0.55-1.02) and age did not modify its effect (P for interaction = .28). CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: This study shows that aging does not appear to modify either RASi's beneficial effects on major CKD outcomes or their potential adverse effects

    Urgent-start dialysis in patients referred early to a nephrologist-the CKD-REIN prospective cohort study

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    International audienceBACKGROUND: The lack of a well-designed prospective study of the determinants of urgent dialysis start led us to investigate its individual- and provider-related factors in patients seeing nephrologists. METHODS: CKD-REIN is a prospective cohort study that included 3033 patients with CKD (mean age, 67 years; 65% men; mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), 32 mL/min/1.73 m2) from 40 nationally representative nephrology clinics from 2013-16, who were followed annually through 2020. Urgent-start dialysis was defined as that "initiated imminently or \textless 48 hours after presentation to correct life-threatening manifestations" according to KDIGO 2018. RESULTS: Over a 4-year (IQR, 3.0-4.8) median follow-up, 541 patients initiated dialysis with a known start status, 86 (16%) urgently. Five-year risks for the competing events of urgent and nonurgent dialysis start, pre-emptive transplantation, and death were 4%, 17%, 3%, and 15%, respectively. Fluid overload, electrolytic disorders, acute kidney injury, and post-surgery kidney function worsening were the reasons most frequently reported for urgent-start dialysis. Adjusted odds ratios (aOR) for urgent start were significantly higher in patients living alone (2.14; 95% CI, 1.08-4.25), or with low health literacy (2.22; 1.28-3.84), heart failure (2.60; 1.47-4.57), or hyperpolypharmacy (taking \textgreater 10 drugs) (2.14; 1.17-3.90), but not with age or lower eGFR at initiation. They were lower in patients with planned dialysis modality (0.46; 0.19-1.10) and more nephrologist visits in the 12 months before dialysis (0.81; 0.70-0.94) for each visit. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights several patient- and provider-level factors that are important to address to reduce the burden of urgent-start dialysis

    Adverse outcomes of proton pump inhibitors in patients with chronic kidney disease: The CKD-REIN cohort study

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    International audienceAIMS: Long-term use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) has been associated with adverse kidney events in the general population, but their impact among chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients is unclear. We studied the prevalence and incidence (new users) of PPI prescriptions and their relation to kidney outcomes and mortality in CKD patients. METHODS: We collected drug prescriptions prospectively in a cohort of 3023 nephrology outpatients with CKD stages 2-5 at inclusion. Hazard ratios (HR, 95% confidence intervals [95% CI]) for acute kidney injury (AKI), end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), and mortality associated with new PPI prescriptions as a time-dependent variable were estimated with cause-specific Cox models in 1940 non-users with eGFR ≄ 15 mL/min/1.73 m(2) at baseline, adjusted for comorbidities, laboratory data and drugs. RESULTS: There were 981/3023 (32%) prevalent users (67 ± 13 years, 65% men) at baseline, and 366/3023 (12%) were prescribed PPI (new users) over a median follow-up of 3.9 years (interquartile range, 3-4.2). Among these new users, their median cumulative duration of prescription was 1 year (interquartile range: 0.4-2.3). During follow-up, 354 patients developed ESKD and 216 died before ESKD. The adjusted HRs associated with PPI prescription were 1.74 (95% CI, 1.26-2.40) for ESKD and 2.42 (95% CI, 1.73-3.39) for all-cause mortality. Over the first 3 years of follow-up, 211 AKI events had occurred. The adjusted HR for AKI associated with PPI prescription was 2.89 (95% CI, 1.91-4.38). CONCLUSIONS: Long-term PPI prescription was common in CKD patients. Our results call attention to its potential risks of both acute and chronic kidney failure

    Allele specific repair of splicing mutations in cystic fibrosis through AsCas12a genome editing.

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    Funder: Fondazione Fibrosi Cistica - FFC#1/2017Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in the CFTR gene. The 3272-26A>G and 3849+10kbC>T CFTR mutations alter the correct splicing of the CFTR gene, generating new acceptor and donor splice sites respectively. Here we develop a genome editing approach to permanently correct these genetic defects, using a single crRNA and the Acidaminococcus sp. BV3L6, AsCas12a. This genetic repair strategy is highly precise, showing very strong discrimination between the wild-type and mutant sequence and a complete absence of detectable off-targets. The efficacy of this gene correction strategy is verified in intestinal organoids and airway epithelial cells derived from CF patients carrying the 3272-26A>G or 3849+10kbC>T mutations, showing efficient repair and complete functional recovery of the CFTR channel. These results demonstrate that allele-specific genome editing with AsCas12a can correct aberrant CFTR splicing mutations, paving the way for a permanent splicing correction in genetic diseases

    The DM-scope registry: a rare disease innovative framework bridging the gap between research and medical care

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    International audienceBackground: The relevance of registries as a key component for developing clinical research for rare diseases (RD) and improving patient care has been acknowledged by most stakeholders. As recent studies pointed to several limitations of RD registries our challenge was (1) to improve standardization and data comparability; (2) to facilitate interoperability between existing RD registries; (3) to limit the amount of incomplete data; (4) to improve data quality. This report describes the innovative concept of the DM-Scope Registry that was developed to achieve these objectives for Myotonic Dystrophy (DM), a prototypical example of highly heterogeneous RD. By the setting up of an integrated platform attractive for practitioners use, we aimed to promote DM epidemiology, clinical research and patients care management simultaneously.Results: The DM-Scope Registry is a result of the collaboration within the French excellence network established by the National plan for RDs. Inclusion criteria is all genetically confirmed DM individuals, independently of disease age of onset. The dataset includes social-demographic data, clinical features, genotype, and biomaterial data, and is adjustable for clinical trial data collection. To date, the registry has a nationwide coverage, composed of 55 neuromuscular centres, encompassing the whole disease clinical and genetic spectrum. This widely used platform gathers almost 3000 DM patients (DM1 n = 2828, DM2 n = 142), both children (n = 322) and adults (n = 2648), which accounts for > 20% of overall registered DM patients internationally. The registry supported 10 research studies of various type i.e. observational, basic science studies and patient recruitment for clinical trials.Conclusion: The DM-Scope registry represents the largest collection of standardized data for the DM population. Our concept improved collaboration among health care professionals by providing annual follow-up of quality longitudinal data collection. The combination of clinical features and biomolecular materials provides a comprehensive view of the disease in a given population. DM-Scope registry proves to be a powerful device for promoting both research and medical care that is suitable to other countries. In the context of emerging therapies, such integrated platform contributes to the standardisation of international DM research and for the design of multicentre clinical trials. Finally, this valuable model is applicable to other RDs