1,100 research outputs found

    The Asiago-ESO/RASS QSO Survey II. The Southern Sample

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    This is the second paper of a series describing the Asiago-ESO/RASS QSO survey, a project aimed at the construction of an all-sky statistically well-defined sample of very bright QSOs (B_J < 15). Such a survey is required to remove the present uncertainties about the properties of the local QSO population and constitutes an homogeneous database for detailed evolutionary studies of AGN. We present here the complete Southern Sample, which comprises 243 bright (12.60 < B_J < 15.13) QSO candidates at high galactic latitudes (|b_{gal}| > 30^{\circ}). The area covered by the survey is 5660 sq. deg. Spectroscopy for the 137 still unidentified objects has been obtained. The total number of AGN turns out to be 111, 63 of which are new identifications. The properties of the selection are discussed. The completeness and the success rate for this survey at the final stage are 63% and 46%, respectively.Comment: 36 pages Latex, with 15 PostScript figures. Accepted for publication in Astronomical Journa

    The dusty environment of Quasars. Far-IR properties of Optical Quasars

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    We present the ISO far-IR photometry of a complete sub-sample of optically selected bright quasars belonging to two complete surveys selected through multicolour (U,B,V,R,I) techniques. The ISOPHOT camera on board of the ISO Satellite was used to target these quasars at wavelengths of 7.3, 11.5, 60, 100 and 160 micron. Almost two thirds of the objects were detected at least in one ISOPHOT band. The detection rate is independent of the source redshift, very likely due to the negative K-correction of the far-IR thermal emission. More than a half of the optically selected QSOs show significant emission between 4 and 100 micron in the quasar rest-frame. These fluxes have a very likely thermal origin, although in a few objects an additional contribution from a non-thermal component is plausible in the long wavelength bands. In a colour-colour diagram these objects span a wide range of properties from AGN-dominated to ULIRG-like. The far-IR composite spectrum of the quasar population presents a broad far-IR bump between 10 and 30 micron and a sharp drop at wavelengths greater than 100 micron in the quasar restframe. The amount of energy emitted in the far-IR, is on average a few times larger than that emitted in the blue and the ratio L(FIR)/L(B) increases with the bolometric luminosity. Objects with fainter blue magnitudes have larger ratios between the far-IR (wavelengths > 60 micron) fluxes and the blue band flux, which is attributed to extinction by dust around the central source. No relation between the blue absolute magnitude and the dust colour temperature is seen, suggesting that the dominant source of FIR energy could be linked to a concurrent starburst rather than to gravitational energy produced by the central engine.Comment: Astronomical Journal, in pres

    Topological Analysis of Emerging Bipole Clusters Producing Violent Solar Events

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    During the rising phase of Solar Cycle 24 tremendous activity occurred on the Sun with fast and compact emergence of magnetic flux leading to bursts of flares (C to M and even X-class). We investigate the violent events occurring in the cluster of two active regions (ARs), NOAA numbers 11121 and 11123, observed in November 2010 with instruments onboard the {\it Solar Dynamics Observatory} and from Earth. Within one day the total magnetic flux increased by 70%70\% with the emergence of new groups of bipoles in AR 11123. From all the events on 11 November, we study, in particular, the ones starting at around 07:16 UT in GOES soft X-ray data and the brightenings preceding them. A magnetic-field topological analysis indicates the presence of null points, associated separatrices and quasi-separatrix layers (QSLs) where magnetic reconnection is prone to occur. The presence of null points is confirmed by a linear and a non-linear force-free magnetic-field model. Their locations and general characteristics are similar in both modelling approaches, which supports their robustness. However, in order to explain the full extension of the analysed event brightenings, which are not restricted to the photospheric traces of the null separatrices, we compute the locations of QSLs. Based on this more complete topological analysis, we propose a scenario to explain the origin of a low-energy event preceding a filament eruption, which is accompanied by a two-ribbon flare, and a consecutive confined flare in AR 11123. The results of our topology computation can also explain the locations of flare ribbons in two other events, one preceding and one following the ones at 07:16 UT. Finally, this study provides further examples where flare-ribbon locations can be explained when compared to QSLs and only, partially, when using separatrices.Comment: 42 pages, 15 figure

    Cosmic Dynamics in the Chameleon Cosmology

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    We study in this paper chameleon cosmology applied to Friedmann-Robertson-Walker space, which gives rise to the equation of state (EoS) parameter larger than -1 in the past and less than -1 today, satisfying current observations. We also study cosmological constraints on the model using the time evolution of the cosmological redshift of distant sources which directly probes the expansion history of the universe. Due to the evolution of the universe's expansion rate, the model independent Cosmological Redshift Drift (CRD)test is expected to experience a small, systematic drift as a function of time. The model is supported by the observational data obtained from the test.Comment: 16 pages, 9 figure

    The power spectrum of the flux distribution in the Lyman-alpha forest of a Large sample of UVES QSO Absorption Spectra (LUQAS)

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    The flux power spectra of the Lyman-alpha forest from a sample of 27 QSOs taken with the high resolution echelle spectrograph UVES on VLT are presented. We find a similar fluctuation amplitude at the peak of the ``3D'' flux power spectrum at k ~ 0.03 (km/sec)^(-1) as the study by Croft et al. (2002), in the same redshift range. The amplitude of the flux power spectrum increases with decreasing redshift if corrected for the increase in the mean flux level as expected if the evolution of the flux power spectrum is sensitive to the gravitational growth of matter density fluctuations. This is in agreement with the findings of McDonald et al. (2000) at larger redshift. The logarithmic slope of the "3D" flux power spectrum, P_F(k), at large scales k < 0.03 (km/sec)^(-1), is 1.4 +- 0.3, i.e. 0.3 shallower than that found by Croft et al. (2002) but consistent within the errors.Comment: 18 pages, 9 PS figures, 6 tables. Note that the k-values of the 1D flux power spectrum had been erroneously shifted by half a bin size (in log k) in the previous version. All the other results are unaffected. New tables can be found at http://www.ast.cam.ac.uk/~rtnigm/luqas.ht

    The Asiago-ESO/RASS QSO Survey. I.The Catalog and the Local QSO Luminosity Function

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    This paper presents the first results of a survey for bright quasars (V < 14.5 and R30. The photometric database is derived from the GSC and USNO catalogs. Quasars are identified on the basis of their X-ray emission measured in the ROSAT All Sky Survey. The surface density of quasars brighter than 15.5 mag turns out to be 9±1⋅10−3deg−29 \pm 1 \cdot 10^{-3} deg^{-2}, about 3 times higher than that estimated by the PG survey. The quasar optical Luminosity Function (LF) at 0.04<z≤0.30.04 < z \le 0.3 is computed and shown to be consistent with a Luminosity Dependent Luminosity Evolution of the type derived by La Franca and Cristiani (1997) in the range 0.3<z≤2.20.3 < z \le 2.2. The predictions of semi-analytical models of hierarchical structure formation agree remarkably well with the present observations.Comment: 54 pages Latex, with 7 PostScript figures. Some minor changes. Astronomical Journal, in pres

    On Magnetic Interlayer Coupling and Proximity Effect in a La0.67_{0.67}Ca0.33_{0.33}MnO3_3(10 nm)/YBa2_2Cu3_3O7_7(10 nm) Superlattice

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    We present a study of interlayer coupling and proximity effects in a La0.66_{0.66}Ca0.33_{0.33}MnO3_3(10 nm)/YBa2_2Cu3_3O7_7(10 nm) superlattice. Using element-sensitive x-ray probes, the magnetic state of Mn can be probed without seeing the strong diamagnetism of the superconductor, which makes this approach ideal to study changes in the magnetic properties across the superconducting transition. By a combined experiment using {\it in situ} transport measurements during polarized soft x-ray measurements, we were able to see no noticeable influence of the superconducting state on the magnetic properties and no evidence for magnetic coupling across a 10 nm YBCO layer.Comment: 4 pages, submitted to Applied Physics Letter

    NICMOS Observations of Low-Redshift Quasar Host Galaxies

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    We have obtained Near-Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer images of 16 radio quiet quasars observed as part of a project to investigate the ``luminosity/host-mass limit.'' The limit results were presented in McLeod, Rieke, & Storrie-Lombardi (1999). In this paper, we present the images themselves, along with 1- and 2-dimensional analyses of the host galaxy properties. We find that our model-independent 1D technique is reliable for use on ground-based data at low redshifts; that many radio-quiet quasars live in deVaucouleurs-law hosts, although some of the techniques used to determine host type are questionable; that complex structure is found in many of the hosts, but that there are some hosts that are very smooth and symmetric; and that the nuclei radiate at ~2-20% of the Eddington rate based on the assumption that all galaxies have central black holes with a constant mass fraction of 0.6%. Despite targeting hard-to-resolve hosts, we have failed to find any that imply super-Eddington accretion rates.Comment: To appear in ApJ, 28 pages including degraded figures. Download the paper with full-resolutio figures from http://www.astro.wellesley.edu/kmcleod/mm.p
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