8 research outputs found

    Industrial tomography platform for diagnostics and control of the crystallization process

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    PURPOSE: The aim of the article is an industrial system platform for diagnostics and control of the crystallization process with the use of tomographic technologies.DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Various methods are used to study crystallization processes. Here, the tomographic method has been applied.FINDINGS: Tomography of industrial processes is a harmless, non-invasive imaging technique used in various industrial in-process technologies. It plays an important role in continuous data measurement for better understanding and monitoring of industrial processes, providing a fast and dynamic response that facilitates real-time process control, fault detection and system malfunctions.PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Sensor networks with their feedback loops are fundamental elements of production control. A critical difference in the mass production of chemicals, metals, building materials, food and other commodities is that common process sensors provide only local measurements, e.g. temperature, pressure, fill level, flow rate or species concentration. However, in most production systems such local measurements are not representative of the entire process, so spatial solutions are required. Here the future belongs to distributed and image sensors.ORIGINALITY/VALUE: The concept of a system based on industrial tomography represents a solution currently unavailable on the world market, in its assumptions and effects it has a legitimate character of innovation on a global scale. At the same time, it means the creation of a new, fundamentally different from those available on the market, universal product in the technological sphere. It is an innovative, efficient tool for diagnostics and process control.peer-reviewe

    System of prediction, optimization and detection of users with the use of radio tomography and computational intelligence methods

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    PURPOSE: The objective of the article is to present a comprehensive building management system using radio tomography methods and computational intelligence methods.DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The system under development integrates a number of proprietary solutions with solution existing on the market, the best and most recent communication standards for IoT (Internet of Things) devices have been used, the software used allows for high scalability of the platform in the future, easy adaptation to various types of supported facilities, while remaining open to new integration with more and more popular solutions for servicing the Smart Home / Building market. Great emphasis was placed on the visualization on both tomographic solutions and presentation of the current state of the building equipped with a number of software and hardware solutions.FINDINGS: The results of the research work indicate that created building system will optimize energy consumption through direct management of energy receivers as well as indirectly through appropriately adapted control algorithms taking into account many internal and external factors. Detection of people by means of radio tomography, automation adjusting the operation of devices to the environmental conditions of the building and individual rooms, prediction of behavior, appropriate visualizations and the ability to check the energy condition of the building.PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The system can be used to analyze and predict the behavior of consumers in any larger facility equipped with standard comfort systems like lighting, heating, ventilation and air conditioning.ORIGINALITY/VALUE: The created innovative system, thanks to the ability to accurately determine the position (RTI) and identification of a person (individual tags), will allow to manage building systems in an individual way.peer-reviewe

    Satysfakcja i przywi─ůzanie do organizacji pracownik├│w administracji samorz─ůdowej ÔÇô wyniki bada┼ä pilota┼╝owych

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    The authors try to describe determinants of job satisfaction and organizational commitment of local government employees. On the basis of the review of literature, it can be concluded that there are a few studies in the area of commitment of public administration employee in Poland. This article consists of two parts. The first one describes the role of job satisfaction as factor influencing different employee organizational behaviors, and explains the relationship among job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and selected elements of motivational system. The second part presents the results of the study carried out among 146 Polish officials from the Lublin region. The results relate to the level of satisfaction and organizational commitment, and their relationships with the ten motivational factors. Conclusions are consistent with literature findings. Polish respondents have a low level of job satisfaction and organizational commitment. The observed relationships of those variables with chosen elements of the motivational system indicate possibilities of changing the situation in local administration in Poland. It mostly refers to focusing on the atmosphere in workplace, and development of good relationships between managers and employees. Authors postulate the need for further research in this area

    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) as an Important Part of the Education of Students of Technical Colleges

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    Artyku┼é dotyczy spo┼éecznej odpowiedzialno┼Ťci biznesu (CSR) jako wa┼╝nego elementu systemu edukacyjnego uczelni wy┼╝szej kszta┼éc─ůcej przysz┼éych in┼╝ynier├│w. Tematyka spo┼éecznej odpowiedzialno┼Ťci biznesu obecna jest ju┼╝ w wielu dziedzinach i sferach ┼╝ycia gospodarczego. To ona w wielu przypadkach wyznacza strategie dzia┼éania firm. Wydaje si─Ö zatem konieczne, by z t─ů problematyk─ů byli zaznajomieni studenci, a wi─Öc przyszli pracownicy i mened┼╝erowie. Autorka artyku┼éu na podstawie przeprowadzonego na wszystkich kierunkach Politechniki Lubelskiej pilota┼╝owego sonda┼╝u diagnostycznego analizuje poziom znajomo┼Ťci zagadnienia CSR w┼Ťr├│d student├│w ostatnich lat studi├│w in┼╝ynierskich.This article applies to corporate social responsibility (CSR) as an important element of the educational system university educating future engineers. The subject of corporate social responsibility is already present in many areas and spheres of economic life. It was she who in many cases determines the strategies of companies. It appears therefore necessary, to the problems of the students were familiar, and so future employees and managers. The author of the article on the basis of carried out on all directions of the LUT pilot diagnostic survey examines the level of awareness of CSR issues among students in their last year of engineering studies

    Tutoring in academic education

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    Artyku┼é przedstawia ide─Ö tutoringu mo┼╝liw─ů do zastosowania w odniesieniu do kszta┼écenia akademickiego. Zaprezentowana metoda mo┼╝e pom├│c w budowaniu relacji pomi─Ödzy pracownikami naukowymi i studentami, a tym samym przyczyni─ç si─Ö do poprawy skuteczno┼Ťci i efektywno┼Ťci procesu dydaktycznego. Ponadto, wykorzystywanie w ┼Ťwiadomy i zaplanowany spos├│b tego narz─Ödzia przez wyk┼éadowc├│w akademickich wp┼éywa ÔÇô co jednoznacznie pokazuj─ů badania ÔÇô na indywidualny rozw├│j student├│w. W artykule dokonano r├│wnie┼╝ wskazania atut├│w, ale i s┼éabszych stron opisywanej metody. Z punktu widzenia ┼Ťwiata biznesu, jak r├│wnie┼╝ szeroko rozumianego otoczenia spo┼éecznego, du┼╝e znaczenie ma jako┼Ť─ç kszta┼écenia student├│w i dostosowanie ich umiej─Ötno┼Ťci do oczekiwa┼ä rynku pracy. Tutoring akademicki odpowiada na te oczekiwania, dostosowuj─ůc si─Ö r├│wnocze┼Ťnie do mo┼╝liwo┼Ťci i oczekiwa┼ä samych student├│w. Stosowanie opisywanej praktyki ma r├│wnie┼╝ wp┼éyw na atrakcyjno┼Ť─ç polskich uczelni.This article presents the idea of tutoring, possible to apply to graduate education. The presented method can help build relationships between researchers and students, and thus contribute to improving the effectiveness and efficiency of the teaching process. In addition, the use of a conscious and planned way this tool by academics, affect ÔÇô which clearly show the research ÔÇô the individual development of students. The article also indicate the strengths and weaknesses but this method. From the point of view of the business world, as well as the wider social environment is important to the quality of education of students and to adapt their skills to the labor market expectations. Academic Tutoring responds to these expectations, at the same time adapting to the capabilities and expectations of the students themselves. Applying the described practice also affects the attractiveness of Polish universities

    The Place of the Natural Environment in Activities for Social Responsibility in the Opinion of Students of Electrical Engineering

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    The concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) permeates the curricula of various fields of study at many universities. The aim of the article is to present the assessment of the students at the Lublin University of Technology in the field of Electrical Engineering on the importance of individual dimensions of CSR, with particular emphasis on the environmental dimension. The method used in the study is a diagnostic survey conducted among students of full-time first- and second-cycle studies. The research was carried out using a questionnaire based on the four-dimensional model of CSR developed by Carroll and was extended to the environmental dimension. The tool consists of 60 statements divided into 12 groups. Each group contains five statementsÔÇöone for each of the distinguished CSR components. The hierarchy of CSR dimensions in both surveyed groups is analogous (economic, legal, ethical, philanthropic, and environmental dimensions). The study groups differed, however, in their assessment of the importance of the legal and ethical dimensions. Bilateral comparisons of individual dimensions in the group of second-cycle students revealed fewer differences than in the group of first-cycle students, which proves that the links between different categories of the companyÔÇÖs stakeholders and obligations toward them are more clearly perceived by the group of second-cycle students. The conclusions from the research make it possible to recommend universities to include in their curricula content aimed at better preparing graduates to undertake CSR activities

    Human oriented corporate actions: stakeholders and CSR

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    Introduction/background: The paper builds on the organizationÔÇÖs stakeholders theory by adding a new relation. It stipulates that separate groups of stakeholders can co-operate and influence each other in beneficial terms, which is important especially to local leaders, corporations and academic specialists in the CSR field. Aim of the paper: The purpose is to contribute to humanistic management by focusing on how corporations become more human oriented and present on the social arena. The aim of this research is to build on the organizationÔÇÖs stakeholders theory, especially within the scope of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Materials and methods: The paper combines a theoretical aspect, in the form of the stakeholders theory, and a research one, in the form of a case study. The subject of the study is CSR action taken by Santander Consumer Bank in Poland during recent years in the form of the Santander Orchestra. The objectives are achieved by applying the method of a case study. Results and conclusions: The stakeholders theory is further developed to include interaction between different groups of stakeholders. It demonstrates how those groups benefit each other and how their interaction can be beneficial for the society. Ways to improve CSR activities are identified. The study includes a thorough analysis of the Santander Orchestra. It explains and points to best practices. The research can be treated as a set of guidelines for other corporations to use when creating their CSR activities. This research can help to make the public understand that corporations can have a great and positive impact on the social aren

    The Migration Influence on the Forecasting of Health Care Budget Expenditures in the Direction of Sustainability: Case of Ukraine

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    The start of the full-scale Russian-Ukrainian war caused the largest wave of migration in the 21st century. More than five million Ukrainian citizens left for EU countries within a few months of the start of the conflict. The purpose of this paper is to forecast the level of health care expenditure in Ukraine for 2023ÔÇô2024, considering the scale of migration and the fall in the level of GDP. The authors propose three scenarios for the development of UkraineÔÇÖs economy in 2023ÔÇô2024, taking into account changes in the age structure of the population, migration, and the amount of health care expenditure: (1) Pessimistic, in which economic growth will resume only in 2024, with a GDP rise of 5.6%, provided that the war concludes at the end of 2022. Under this scenario, inflation will be about 21% in 2023ÔÇô2024, a slight decrease compared with the previous year. Some 12% of the population of Ukraine will have emigrated, resulting in a corresponding 12% drop in health care expenditure in 2023ÔÇô2024. (2) Basic (realistic), in which economic growth will be about 5% in 2023ÔÇô2024, inflation will be under 10%, and migration will have accounted for 5% of the countryÔÇÖs population. Under this scenario, there will be an increase in health care expenditure of more than 40% in 2023ÔÇô2024. (3) Optimistic, according to which rapid economic growth is expected in 2023ÔÇô2024, inflation will not exceed 7%, the majority of those who left Ukraine in the early months of the war will return, and health care expenditure will increase by more than 70% in 2023ÔÇô2024. The methodology of forecasting public expenditure on health care has been based on a six-step cohort method. The results have indicated that the cost of updating the age structure of UkraineÔÇÖs population every year will decrease due to the aging of the population, and the overall impact of demographic processes will be negative. The impact of mass migration due to the war creates a significant change in health care costs, requiring administrative bodies to monitor the situation promptly and make appropriate changes to the structure of budget expenditure
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