13 research outputs found

    Poland Divided: Spatial Differences in the June 2003 EU Accession Referendum. Jean Monnet/Robert Schuman Paper Series, Vol. 4 No. 1, January 2004

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    (From the introduction). Thus, our purpose here is to describe and analyze geographical patterns within Poland of approval, disapproval, and abstention from this crucial vote on joining the EU, and to link those outcomes to the social and economic situation obtaining in the regions. From these associations we can shed additional light on how Poland divided on this pivotal issue and posit some challenges for both Polish and EU policy makers in the years ahead. To guide us we refer to several studies of the emergence of electoral politics in former- Soviet states (notably Russia and Ukraine) and in Central and Eastern Europe that have pointed to the salience of geographical differences in voting outcomes and voter turnout in the postcommunist period. (7) Complementing research based on individual level, or survey, data, these geographic studies using aggregate data relate variations in the social, economic, and demographic traits of regions to party, candidate, and issue preferences across these same units. For example, it has been almost universally the case in the post-communist countries that rural, older, agricultural populations have voted mainly for parties of the left and against reform, while urban, better-educated, white collar areas have, for the most part, favored parties and candidates that have advocated reform and privatization. These outcomes match very closely the kinds of divisions within societies that we find in surveys. Clearly, however, we must recognize the limitations of aggregate data analysis, especially the need to avoid imputing individual action from collective figures. Surveys, of course, have advantages over one-time aggregate data, including their ability to probe attitudes and to conduct sampling over time. However, polling results have their own limitations especially that they tend to be a–spatial (and therefore cannot usually be used to illuminate important regional issues), and that respondents are not always truthful, particularly on sensitive subjects. But taken together, survey and aggregate data provide us with a higher degree of confidence in the analysis of the correlates of voting behavior. Following the methodology used in these other geographic studies of post-communist states, here we will test several propositions relating to the affinity for EU membership within different segments of Poland’s electorate. We will do this by cross-tabulating results of the June accession referendum with key social and economic variables among the 373 powiaty of Poland. According to the administrative reform of 1999, Poland is divided into 16 provinces (województwa, or voivodships), which are in turn divided into sub-regions (podregiony) and further into the powiaty. (8) The powiat scale of analysis is ideal for our purposes; powiaty are “county” level units or individual cities “with powiat status” (what we will call here “urban powiaty”) that provide an excellent degree of spatial resolution and, most importantly, for which the Polish government provides superb, detailed socioeconomic data and electoral results. (9) Powiaty typically range from 50,000 to 150,000 inhabitants and between 500-2,000 km2. Urban powiaty range from relatively small to medium-sized urban centers with populations around 100,000 people to the largest cities such as Poznań (572,000), Wrocław (624,000), Kraków (741,000) and Łódz (786,526). The Warsaw conurbation comprises the powiat of Warsaw (1.610 million). (10) As will be seen, there is a remarkable diversity within Poland—not unexpectedly in such a large and heterogeneous country—with regard both to social and economic conditions and to the demonstrated preferences of voters, with the two being related

    Per Anders Rudling. The Rise and Fall of Belarusian Nationalism, 1906-1931

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    Per Anders Rudling. The Rise and Fall of Belarusian Nationalism, 1906-1931. Pitt Series in Russian and East European Studies. Ed. Jonathan Harris. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2014. xii, 436 pp. Notes. Works Cited. Index. US$ 29.95, paper. E-book

    The Sarmatian Review, Vol. 23, No. 1

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    Contents: "SARMATIAN REVIEW INDEX"; "SARMATIAN REVIEW Literary Award"; Teresa Halikowska-Smith, "The past as palimpsest: the Gdańsk school of writers in the 1980s and 1990s"; "BOOKS"; Marek Jan Chodakiewicz, "Las relaciones de Franco con Europa Centro-Oriental, 1939–1955 (review)" Steven Clancy, Treny. "The Laments of Jan Kochanowski (review)" Zofia Ptaśnik, "Death by a Thousand Cuts: A Polish Woman’s Diary of Deportation, Forced Labor and Death in Kazakhstan, April 13, 1940–May 26, 1941", translated and edited by Leszek Karpiński et al. (fourth installment); "ANNOUNCEMENTS AND NOTES"; "ABOUT THE AUTHORS

    The Sarmatian Review, Vol. 27, No. 2

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    Contents: "Our Take: Those Who Have Not Spoken Are Guilty"; "SR Index"; "Foreign Policy Is a Hardball Game: an Interview with Polish Prime Minister Jarosław Kaczyński"; Krzysztof Rak and Jerzy Muszyński, "Recent German claims against Poland"; Razvan Ungureanu, "Russian imperial presence in literature"; Mary Ann Furno, "On Wisława Szymborska’s 'Lot’s Wife'"; "BOOKS Books"; J. W. Best, "Domek szlachecki w literaturze polskiej epoki klasycznej" (review); Marek Jan Chodakiewicz, "Historyczna paralela Hiszpanii z Polskà" (review); "About the Authors

    The Sarmatian Review, Vol. 24, No. 1

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    Contents: "SARMATIAN REVIEW INDEX"; Christina Manetti, "Tygodnik Powszechny and the Postwar Debate on Literature in Poland"; Kevin Hannan, "Polish Catholicism: A Historical Outline"; "BOOKS Received"; "Clarinet Polka" by Keith Maillard (reviewed by John Guzlowski); "Polish Romantic Literature: An Anthology" by Michael J. Mikoś (reviewed by Andrzej Karcz); "After the Holocaust: Polish-Jewish Conflict in the Wake of World War II" by Marek Jan Chodakiewicz (reviewed by Danusha V. Goska); "The Noonday Cemetery and Other Stories" by Gustav Herling (reviewed by Janet G. Tucker; "A Man Who Spanned Two Eras: the story of a bridge pioneer Ralph Modjeski" by Józef Glomb (reviewed by Ashley Fillmer); "Our Take: American Catholic Parochialism"; "About the Authors"; "Announcements and Notes" "Thank You Note

    The Sarmatian Review, Vol. 26, No. 2

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    Contents: "OUR TAKE: Sweat Equity"; "SR Index"; Jarosław Kaczyński, "Address to the Polish Parliament (Sejm) delivered on the occasion of the first hundred days of the new presidency and government"; Jacek Koronacki, "The Poland of Solidarity, the Poland of Liberalism"; "BOOKS Books"; Edward J. Rozek, "Yearbook of Polish Foreign Policy: 2004" (review); Justyna Sempruch, "The Grasinski Girls: The Choices They Had and the Choices They Made" (review); Jennifer J. Day, "Testaments: Two Novellas of Emigration and Exile" (review); Janet Tucker, "Moving Parts" (review); Marek Jan Chodakiewicz, "Sowjetische Partisanen in Weißrußland" (review); Jolanta W. Best, "The Polish Underground Army, the Western Allies, and the Failure of Strategic Unity in World War II" (review); Steven Kaminski, "Three Poems"; "ABOUT THE AUTHORS

    The Sarmatian Review, Vol., 31, No. 3

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    In this issue: Sarmatian Review Data Terrence O'Keefe, Mitteleuropa Blues, Perilous Remedies: Andrzej Stasiuk's Harsh World -- Raymond T. Gawronski, SJ, Hollywood's War with Poland, 1939-1945 (review) -- Howard Louthan, Reformacja w dawnej Rzczypospolitej i jej europejskie konteksty. Postulaty badawcze (review) -- Dorothy Baker, Stone upon Stone (review) -- Katarzyna Ciepliska, Firing the Canon: Essays Mainly on Poetry (review) -- More Books -- Tomasz Sommer, The Polish Operation: Stalin's First Genocide of Poles, 1937-1938 -- Cyprian Kamil Norwid, "The Past," translated by Leo Yankevich -- Letters -- About the Authors -- Thank You Not