587 research outputs found

    Malaguerra: The anti-state super-hero of Sicilian Puppet Theater

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    Anche se il personaggio è poco conosciuto oggi, Morbello/Malaguerra era famoso in Sicilia e altrove in Italia dalla metĂ  del XIX alla metĂ  del XX secolo. Questo saggio si concentra sulle sue vicissitudini in stampa (Storia dei Paladini di Francia) e nell’opera dei pupi, ma anche sulla diffusione del suo nome e sulle sue avventure fuori Sicilia, sia nel maggio epico del Nord Italia che nei copioni di un puparo catanese attivo a New York City. PoichĂ© Malaguerra contesta ripetutamente le ingiustizie perpetrate dai potenti, la sua storia ci ricorda che l'opera dei pupi non era semplicemente una soap opera cavalleresca per le masse prima della televisione, ma poteva essere un veicolo per esprimere un atteggiamento critico verso lo Stato sotto la copertura di drammatizzazioni epiche medievali e rinascimentali. Può darsi, infatti, che il suo sottofondo politico sia stato un motivo della sua popolaritĂ  sia nell'Italia meridionale che tra gli immigrati italiani nei centri urbani del Nuovo Mondo. PiĂą in generale, il saggio intende contribuire alla discussione delle ideologie politiche nel genere epico cavalleresco, soprattutto nel contesto della cultura popolare italiana.Although this literary figure is little known today, Morbello/Malaguerra was famous in Sicily and elsewhere in Italy from the mid-19th to mid-20th century. This essay focuses on his vicissitudes in print (Storia dei paladini di Francia) and on the puppet theater stage, with some attention to the spread of his name and adaptation of his adventures outside Sicily, both in the epic Maggio tradition of northern Italy and in the scripts of a Catanese puppeteer active in New York City. Because Malaguerra repeatedly contests the injustices perpetrated by those in power, his story reminds us that l’opera dei pupi was not simply a chivalric soap opera for the masses before television, but could be a vehicle to express a critical attitude toward the State under the cover of dramatizing medieval and Renaissance epics. Indeed, it may be that puppet theater’s political undercurrent was a factor in its massive popularity both in southern Italy and among Italian immigrants in urban centers of the New World. More generally, the essay aims to contribute to the discussion of political ideologies in the chivalric epic genre, especially in the context of Italian popular culture

    Introduction

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    The essay introduces the issue dedicated to World Epics and Puppet Theate

    Juxtaposing BTE and ATE – on the role of the European insurance industry in funding civil litigation

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    One of the ways in which legal services are financed, and indeed shaped, is through private insurance arrangement. Two contrasting types of legal expenses insurance contracts (LEI) seem to dominate in Europe: before the event (BTE) and after the event (ATE) legal expenses insurance. Notwithstanding institutional differences between different legal systems, BTE and ATE insurance arrangements may be instrumental if government policy is geared towards strengthening a market-oriented system of financing access to justice for individuals and business. At the same time, emphasizing the role of a private industry as a keeper of the gates to justice raises issues of accountability and transparency, not readily reconcilable with demands of competition. Moreover, multiple actors (clients, lawyers, courts, insurers) are involved, causing behavioural dynamics which are not easily predicted or influenced. Against this background, this paper looks into BTE and ATE arrangements by analysing the particularities of BTE and ATE arrangements currently available in some European jurisdictions and by painting a picture of their respective markets and legal contexts. This allows for some reflection on the performance of BTE and ATE providers as both financiers and keepers. Two issues emerge from the analysis that are worthy of some further reflection. Firstly, there is the problematic long-term sustainability of some ATE products. Secondly, the challenges faced by policymakers that would like to nudge consumers into voluntarily taking out BTE LEI

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