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    Advantages of Ion Mobility Coupled with HPLC/UPLC

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    Ion mobility is a new separation technique that can be coupled with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) or ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC). Variances in cross-sectional ionic areas of different molecules create differential speeds through a gas allowing for millisecond separations. Combining ion mobility with both liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry with fragmentation, separations can be achieved on the second (HPLC), millisecond (ion mobility), and microsecond (mass spectrometry) timescales. This orthogonal separation greatly cleans up mass spectral data of co-eluting peaks from the liquid chromatography and adds to the descriptive data of each ion. With descriptive data such as retention time, cross-sectional area, m/z ratio, and mass spectral fragmentation, many options become available for analytical analysis. Options ranging from descriptive data collation into instrument libraries to sensitivity enhancement for trace analysis will be explored in this chapter along with the description of different forms of ion mobility