5,806 research outputs found

    False Advertising and Young Girls’ Self Esteem

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    It is becoming impossible to recognize the level of photoshop on advertisements. However, little is known how continuous exposure to such images can negatively impact the short- and long-term psyche of young girls aged 6 to 14 years old. The study’s theoretical framework was Benet’s polarities of democracy, emphasizing freedom and authority and human rights and communal obligations. The research question focused on the negative impacts false advertising has on young girls and what public policies could assist in mitigating these short- and long-term impacts. A general qualitative design, with semistructured interviews of seven adult participants with relevant insight on the negative impacts to young girls, generated themes through multicycle coding. Themes included (a) impressionable young girls, (b) deceptive advertisers, and (c) protecting women. Congress can use these findings to inform policies supportive to protecting young girls’ self-esteem from false advertising. Such policies could assist in reducing current behaviors of young girls from such advertisements including but not limited to eating disorders, body dysmorphia, and depression. Implications for positive social change include informing Congress of potential systemic issues that either hinder or democratize young girls’ rights within Congress and further supports protecting the mental health development of young girls. Therefore, providing a tax or monetary benefit to participating businesses proving they did not use photoshop could provide a greater motivation in producing natural models as well as set an example for what models actually look like for young girls

    Not Just an OER But an Entire Course!

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    Kennesaw State University is the second largest institution in Georgia, with an incoming freshman enrollment for first-year writing courses of 8,676. Given the need to provide these students, more than 38% of whom identify as first-generation, with high-quality, no-cost general education courses, Jeanne and Tammy garnered four Affordable Learning Georgia grants. With the support of these grants, Jeanne, Tammy, and Brayden worked with teams of subject matter experts and helped build a series of no-cost course templates that aligned to standardized first-year composition program learning outcomes and assignment types. At this point in the project, the courses have been built and piloted. We are now comparing student experiences in these courses versus non-OER courses through surveys, faculty feedback, and DFWI rates. The overall purpose of these projects has been to help faculty dive in to teaching with OERs. The presenters would like to talk about the building process and the research we have conducted on the student learning outcomes. In addition, as of fall semester 2023 we have integrated AI into specific iterations of these first-year writing courses, including low-stakes invention assignments and one major end-of-semester assignment. We are surveying and interviewing students in these courses to gauge their attitudes towards AI and its use in college writing. Questions: What OERs do you find particularly successful in improving composition course outcomes? Have there been any challenges to OER adoption in this context? Does using OERs impact student engagement and motivation within composition courses? Have you found that OERs have facilitated collaboration among educators across different institutions? What have you found to be best practices for fostering collaboration in the development and sharing of these resources? As students are introduced to using AI for writing assistance, how do you address concerns about overreliance on technology and potential issues related to plagiarism or loss of originality in their work? As you integrate AI tools into writing assignments, can you share how AI has been effectively used to support students’ writing processes? What benefits and pitfalls have you observed when incorporating AI into composition courses? Please register here This is an online event. Event URL will be sent via registration email

    False Advertising and Young Girls’ Self Esteem

    Get PDF
    It is becoming impossible to recognize the level of photoshop on advertisements. However, little is known how continuous exposure to such images can negatively impact the short- and long-term psyche of young girls aged 6 to 14 years old. The study’s theoretical framework was Benet’s polarities of democracy, emphasizing freedom and authority and human rights and communal obligations. The research question focused on the negative impacts false advertising has on young girls and what public policies could assist in mitigating these short- and long-term impacts. A general qualitative design, with semistructured interviews of seven adult participants with relevant insight on the negative impacts to young girls, generated themes through multicycle coding. Themes included (a) impressionable young girls, (b) deceptive advertisers, and (c) protecting women. Congress can use these findings to inform policies supportive to protecting young girls’ self-esteem from false advertising. Such policies could assist in reducing current behaviors of young girls from such advertisements including but not limited to eating disorders, body dysmorphia, and depression. Implications for positive social change include informing Congress of potential systemic issues that either hinder or democratize young girls’ rights within Congress and further supports protecting the mental health development of young girls. Therefore, providing a tax or monetary benefit to participating businesses proving they did not use photoshop could provide a greater motivation in producing natural models as well as set an example for what models actually look like for young girls

    Mechanistic insights into robust cardiac I-Ks potassium channel activation by aromatic polyunsaturated fatty acid analogues

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    Voltage-gated potassium (K-V) channels are important regulators of cellular excitability and control action potential repolarization in the heart and brain. K-V channel mutations lead to disordered cellular excitability. Loss-of-function mutations, for example, result in membrane hyperexcitability, a characteristic of epilepsy and cardiac arrhythmias. Interventions intended to restore K-V channel function have strong therapeutic potential in such disorders. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and PUFA analogues comprise a class of K-V channel activators with potential applications in the treatment of arrhythmogenic disorders such as long QT syndrome (LQTS). LQTS is caused by a loss-of-function of the cardiac I-Ks channel - a tetrameric potassium channel complex formed by K(V)7.1 and associated KCNE1 protein subunits. We have discovered a set of aromatic PUFA analogues that produce robust activation of the cardiac I-Ks channel, and a unique feature of these PUFA analogues is an aromatic, tyrosine head group. We determine the mechanisms through which tyrosine PUFA analogues exert strong activating effects on the I-Ks channel by generating modified aromatic head groups designed to probe cation-pi interactions, hydrogen bonding, and ionic interactions. We found that tyrosine PUFA analogues do not activate the I-Ks channel through cation-pi interactions, but instead do so through a combination of hydrogen bonding and ionic interactions.Funding Agencies|HORIZON EUROPE European Research Council; Swedish Research Council; National Institutes of Health [2021-01885]; [R01HL131461]; [850622]</p

    Adding Some Color to the Sidelines: Addressing the Lack of Diversity in Sports Medicine

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    Introduction: In January 2023, the world was introduced to a new term, \u27Commotio Cordis,\u27 following a tragic on-field injury sustained by Damar Hamlin during a Buffalo Bills football game. As the sports world watched and prayed for his recovery, one notable observation was the lack of diversity among the medical staff who rushed to his aid. In a recent study conducted by Wiggins et al, which examined head team physicians across five different sports leagues, approximately 85% were classified as white, while the remaining 15% were identified as belonging to minority groups. Historically, the field of sports medicine has been dominated by Allopathic Caucasian male physicians. According to the American Medical Association Physician Masterfile, out of the 3,208 active sports medicine physicians in the United States, only 633 identify as Osteopathic physicians, and only 177 identify as Black or African American. The limited number of sports medicine and orthopedic surgeons who identify as non-Caucasian or osteopathic physicians with a sports medicine focus is a concerning issue that warrants attention. Efforts to promote diversity in the medical field, particularly in sports medicine, have intensified in recent years. Despite recent efforts, there remains a need for continued action to increase representation and promote equity in the field of sports medicine. Objective: The objective of this study is to examine the specific barriers that prevent greater diversity among sports medicine physicians, including limited access to educational resources and curriculum, insufficient clinical experience opportunities, lack of diverse faculty and mentors, and implicit biases in medical residency program admissions. Furthermore, the study aims to identify potential solutions to address these barriers and promote greater diversity in sports medicine. Methods: A thorough literature review was conducted to gain insight into the barriers faced by medical students from underrepresented groups pursuing careers in sports medicine. Results: Medical students feel that the current curriculum does not provide them with necessary knowledge or skills needed to pursue a career in musculoskeletal medicine. Participation in orthopedic surgery and sports medicine medical interest groups with supplementary instruction from physician mentors was enough to increase a medical student’s confidence and competence in aspects of musculoskeletal medicine. Medical students were able to gain exposure and clinical experience to the field of musculoskeletal medicine from their physician mentors. It should be noted that students may be drawn to fields where they can find physicians with similar gender, racial, or ethnic identities as themselves. These were the physicians that were highly favored by students to be considered role models. Discussion: The field of sports medicine should take note on how other medical specialties are addressing some of these barriers and increasing diversity. It\u27s important to recognize the value and importance of diversity in the healthcare field, and to take action to promote equity and inclusion in all aspects of sports medicine practice and educatio

    Health disparities within rural communities in the southern region of the United States

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    Intro: Historical studies have shown that health disparities exist between urban and rural communities, however additional disparities are also known to exist within rural communities as well. These include health disparities between races, ethnicities, and socioeconomic statuses, among others. While the disparities between urban and rural communities have been researched and described more extensively, there is a paucity of information available about the disparities that exist within rural communities. Our goal in this research initiative was to characterize the disparities that exist within rural communities by examining the findings of several publications that sought to describe this phenomenon in the past. Method: Protocols evaluated current research studies and identified areas where research was scarce, or nonexistent. Following this evaluation, a literature search was performed using PubMed with the goal of locating and utilizing papers from the last 10 years on the specified topic. Queries were used for pre-identified search terms, which aimed to include the entire range of this topic: ‘rural’, ‘health’, ‘disparities’, ‘minority’, ‘mental’. Inclusion criteria for the literature review included mention of health disparities in rural areas, and that data were from the United States. Exclusion criteria included if data were from a country outside of the United States, or if there was no discussion of rural health. Results of the initial literature search were reviewed manually, and the inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied at that time. Results: The results of this study reveal that nonmetropolitan households were less likely to have digital access which greatly contributed to being uninsured. These results also show that universal policies and procedures geared toward at-risk populations drastically reduced health disparities among these communities. An odds ratio of 1.69 based on a bivariate analysis revealed that rural residents were most likely to exhibit healthcare avoidance behaviors and an odds ratio of 2.24 was indicative in the lack of confidence in personal health care. Furthermore, rural areas were less likely to retain physicians and more likely to have residents with poorer health. Stressful living environments and broader community held beliefs were shown to impact perceptions of mental health and served as a barrier to seeking health. Disparities such as personal income and finances served as estimated predictors of 38.8% of microbial taxa. Such disparities were associated with higher infant mortality rates among black populations and were highest in rural counties. Discussion/Conclusion: This study was done to compile data from different studies and reports to prove that there is a need for equity amongst healthcare in all communities throughout the southern United States region. There is a significant decline in both the access and quality of healthcare in rural communities in this region. Multiple challenges exist due to several factors such as socioeconomic status, digital access, race/ethnicity and many other secondary resources that may need to be acquired in order to access necessary quality healthcare

    Not Just an OER But an Entire Course!

    No full text
    Kennesaw State University is the second largest institution in Georgia, with an incoming freshman enrollment for first-year writing courses of 8,676. Given the need to provide these students, more than 38% of whom identify as first-generation, with high-quality, no-cost general education courses, Jeanne and Tammy garnered four Affordable Learning Georgia grants. With the support of these grants, Jeanne, Tammy, and Brayden worked with teams of subject matter experts and helped build a series of no-cost course templates that aligned to standardized first-year composition program learning outcomes and assignment types. At this point in the project, the courses have been built and piloted. We are now comparing student experiences in these courses versus non-OER courses through surveys, faculty feedback, and DFWI rates. The overall purpose of these projects has been to help faculty dive in to teaching with OERs. The presenters would like to talk about the building process and the research we have conducted on the student learning outcomes. In addition, as of fall semester 2023 we have integrated AI into specific iterations of these first-year writing courses, including low-stakes invention assignments and one major end-of-semester assignment. We are surveying and interviewing students in these courses to gauge their attitudes towards AI and its use in college writing. Questions: What OERs do you find particularly successful in improving composition course outcomes? Have there been any challenges to OER adoption in this context? Does using OERs impact student engagement and motivation within composition courses? Have you found that OERs have facilitated collaboration among educators across different institutions? What have you found to be best practices for fostering collaboration in the development and sharing of these resources? As students are introduced to using AI for writing assistance, how do you address concerns about overreliance on technology and potential issues related to plagiarism or loss of originality in their work? As you integrate AI tools into writing assignments, can you share how AI has been effectively used to support students’ writing processes? What benefits and pitfalls have you observed when incorporating AI into composition courses

    Normal gait speed varies by age and sex but not by geographical region: a systematic review

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    Questions: What are comfortable gait speed values for apparently healthy adults? How do these differ by age group, sex and geographical region? Design: Systematic review of observational studies with meta-analysis. Participants: Apparently healthy, community-dwelling adults who have undergone measurement of comfortable gait speed. Search method: Potentially relevant studies were identified in four databases. Extracted data from studies that satisfied the eligibility criteria were added to a database containing the same information from a meta-analysis published a decade ago. Outcome measures: The weighted mean comfortable gait speed was calculated along with the 95% confidence interval for each stratum of age/sex using a random-effects model. Mean gait speeds were further stratified by the continent where the study took place. Tests of homogeneity included I2 and prediction intervals. Results: Meta-analysis of data from 51,248 apparently healthy adults was stratified by age (in decades) and sex. Male gait speed slowed beyond age 50 years whereas female gait speed slowed beyond age 30 years. The weighted mean gait speed ranged from 97 cm/s (females aged ≥ 80 years) to 140 cm/s (males aged 40 to 49 years). The I2 values ranged from 0 to 34.07; prediction interval ranges varied from a low of 30 (125 to 155 cm/s; males aged 40 to 49 years) to a high of 77 (83 to 160 cm/s; females aged 60 to 69 years). There was considerable overlap in confidence intervals between continents for each sex/age group. Conclusions: Comfortable gait speed slowed through the adult years, but males maintained a faster walking speed than females. Further stratification of comfortable gait speed by geographical region is not warranted
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