1,246 research outputs found

    Are we ready to transfer optical light to gamma-rays?

    Get PDF
    Scattering relativistic electrons with optical lasers can result in a significant frequency upshift for the photons, potentially producing γ\gamma-rays. This is what linear Compton scattering taught us. Ultra-intense lasers offer nowadays a new paradigm where multi-photon absorption effects come into play. These effects can result in higher harmonics, higher yields and also electron-positron pairs. This article intends to discriminate the different laser scenarios that have been proposed over the past years as well as to give scaling laws for future experiments. The energy conversion from laser or particles to high-frequency photons is addressed for both the well-known counter propagating electron beam-laser interaction and for Quantum-electrodynamics cascades triggered by various lasers. Constructing bright and energetic gamma-ray sources in controlled conditions is within an ace of seeing the light of day.Comment: 9 pages, 9 figure

    Absorption cross section in an intense plane wave background

    Get PDF
    We consider the absorption of probe photons by electrons in the presence of an intense, pulsed, background field. Our analysis reveals an interplay between regularisation and gauge invariance which distinguishes absorption from its crossing-symmetric processes, as well as a physical interpretation of absorption in terms of degenerate processes in the weak field limit. In the strong field limit we develop a locally constant field approximation (LCFA) for absorption which also exhibits new features. We benchmark the LCFA against exact analytical calculations and explore its regime of validity. Pulse shape effects are also investigated, as well as infra-red and collinear limits of the absorption process

    Relativistic theory of electron-nucleus-radiation coupled dynamics in molecules: Wavepacket approach

    Get PDF
    We propose a general theoretical scheme of relativistic electron-nucleus coupled dynamics of molecules in radiation fields, which is derived from quantum electrodynamical formalism. Aiming at applications to field-induced dynamics in ultrastrong laser pulses to the magnitude of 1016 W/cm2 or even larger, we derive a nonperturbative formulation of relativistic dynamics using the Tamm-Dancoff expansion scheme, which results in, within the lowest order expansion, a time-dependent Schrödinger equation with the Coulombic and retarded transversal photon-exchange interactions. We also discuss a wavepacket type nuclear dynamics adapted for such dynamics

    Three-pulse photon-photon scattering

    Get PDF
    We calculate signals of real photon-photon scattering in the collision of three laser pulses. Taking goal parameters from the Station of Extreme Light at the upcoming Shanghai Coherent Light Source, we consider two scenarios: i) the collision of three optical pulses; ii) the collision of an XFEL with two optical pulses. Although experimentally more difficult to perform, we find that colliding three laser pulses offers certain advantages in the detection of scattered photons by separating their frequency, momentum and polarisation from the background.Comment: 11 pages, 16 figure

    Electrons in an eccentric background field

    Get PDF
    We present a description of electrons propagating in an elliptically polarized, plane wave background which includes circular and linear polarizations as special cases. We calculate, to all orders in the background field, the two point function and relate it to various expressions found in the literature. The background field induced mass shift of the electron is shown to be polarization independent in the full elliptic class. The matrix nature of this mass shift in the fermionic theory is discussed. The extent to which a momentum space description is possible for this system is clarified

    Theory of radiative electron polarization in strong laser fields

    Get PDF
    Radiative polarization of electrons and positrons through the Sokolov-Ternov effect is important for applications in high-energy physics. Radiative spin polarization is a manifestation of quantum radiation reaction affecting the spin dynamics of electrons. We recently proposed that an analog of the Sokolov-Ternov effect could occur in the strong electromagnetic fields of ultra-high-intensity lasers, which would result in a buildup of spin polarization in femtoseconds. In this paper, we develop a density matrix formalism for describing beam polarization in strong electromagnetic fields. We start by using the density matrix formalism to study spin flips in nonlinear Compton scattering and its dependence on the initial polarization state of the electrons. Numerical calculations show a radial polarization of the scattered electron beam in a circularly polarized laser, and we find azimuthal asymmetries in the polarization patterns for ultrashort laser pulses. A degree of polarization approaching 9% is achieved after emitting just a single photon. We develop the theory by deriving a local constant crossed-field approximation (LCFA) for the polarization density matrix, which is a generalization of the well-known LCFA scattering rates. We find spin-dependent expressions that may be included in electromagnetic charged-particle simulation codes, such as particle-in-cell plasma simulation codes, using Monte Carlo modules. In particular, these expressions include the spin-flip rates for arbitrary initial polarization of the electrons. The validity of the LCFA is confirmed by explicit comparison with an exact QED calculation of electron polarization in an ultrashort laser pulse

    Electron-seeded ALP production and ALP decay in an oscillating electromagnetic field

    Get PDF
    Certain models involving ALPs (axion-like-particles) allow for the coupling of scalars and pseudoscalars to fermions. A derivation of the total rate for production of massive scalars and pseudoscalars by an electron in a monochromatic, circularly-polarised electromagnetic background is presented. In addition, a derivation and the total rate for the decay of massive scalars and pseudoscalars into electron-positron pairs in the same electromagnetic background is given. We conclude by approximating the total yield of ALP production for a typical laser-particle experimental scenario.Comment: 7 pages, 4 figure
    corecore