40 research outputs found

    The UK's Global Health Respiratory Network: Improving respiratory health of the world's poorest through research collaborations.

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    Respiratory disorders are responsible for considerable morbidity, health care utilisation, societal costs and approximately one in five deaths worldwide [1-4]. Yet, despite this substantial health and societal burden – which particularly affects the world’s poorest populations and as such is a major contributor to global health inequalities – respiratory disorders have historically not received the policy priority they warrant. For example, despite causing an estimated 1000 deaths per day, less than half of the world’s countries collect data on asthma prevalence (http://www.globalasthmareport.org/). This is true for both communicable and non-communicable respiratory disorders, many of which are either amenable to treatment or preventable

    Factors affecting the distribution and population density of pine martens (Martes martes L.) in Scotland

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    SIGLEAvailable from British Library Document Supply Centre- DSC:DX176903 / BLDSC - British Library Document Supply CentreGBUnited Kingdo

    Genomic biomarkers of pulmonary exposure to tobacco smoke components

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    Wild living cats in Scotland

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    SIGLEAvailable from British Library Document Supply Centre-DSC:8313.903(23) / BLDSC - British Library Document Supply CentreGBUnited Kingdo

    Biogeographical zonation of Scotland

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    SIGLEAvailable from British Library Document Supply Centre-DSC:GPC/08875 / BLDSC - British Library Document Supply CentreGBUnited Kingdo

    A cost effective method for protecting livestock against marten predation

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    Available from British Library Document Supply Centre-DSC:8313.903(47) / BLDSC - British Library Document Supply CentreSIGLEGBUnited Kingdo

    Ecology and genetics of wild-living cats in the north-east of Scotland and the implications for the conservation of the wildcat

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    1. The wildcat is considered to be threatened by interbreeding with the domestic cat. As a result of interbreeding the definition of a wildcat in Scotland is contentious. Many authors consider pelage characteristics to be diagnostic, yet few data exist on sympatric cats with different pelages. 2. A study of 31 wild-living cats was conducted from 1995 to 1997 in an area associated with wildcats. Seventy-four percent of cats caught had striped tabby pelages while 26% had other (non-tabby) phenotypes. 3. On the basis of data from eight nuclear DNA microsatellite loci there was no strong evidence of two groups, and tabby and non-tabby cats did not depart significantly from Hardy - Weinberg equilibrium. 4. There were significant differences in gene frequencies and genotypes between the two pelage types. Non-tabby cats were also significantly more similar to domestic cats than tabby cats, although still noticeably differentiated from them. 5. There were potential parent - offspring and sibling - sibling relationships between and within tabby and non-tabby cats, suggesting recent interbreeding. On average, however, non-tabby cats were genetically less related to each other than tabby cats. 6. Radio-tracking revealed that non-tabby adult females had significantly larger home ranges than tabby adult females. However, for all other aspects of home range size, social organization, activity patterns and habitat use there were no significant differences between cats of different pelage type. 7. The implications of these results are that traditional approaches for attempting to distinguish wild animals in the face of interbreeding with their domestic forms are neither accurate nor effective. Instead, conservation should focus on mechanisms for dealing with groups of animals below the species level. 8. Specifically for the wildcat in Scotland, conservation should focus on protection by area. If domestic cat controls were conducted within specified areas then the potential threat posed by interbreeding would be reduced