1,180 research outputs found

    Navigating in the Zone of Confusion - Reflections on Illegal Air Taxi Operations

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    Coddling Spies: Why the Law Doesn’t Adequately Address Computer Spyware

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    Consumers and businesses have attempted to use the common law of torts as well as federal statutes like the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, the Stored Wire and Electronic Communications and Transactional Records Act, and the Wiretap Act to address the expanding problem of spyware. Spyware, which consists of software applications inserted into another\u27s computer to report a user\u27s activity to an outsider, is as innocuous as tracking purchases or as sinister as stealing trade secrets or an individual\u27s identity. Existing law does not address spyware adequately because authorization language, buried in click-through boilerplate, renders much of current law useless. Congress must act to make spyware companies disclose their intentions with conspicuous and clearly-stated warnings

    Scholar Practitioner, Reflexive Professionals, the ART of Autobiographical Professional Development

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    This paper reflects upon Davies (2017) proposition of the ethical, values-focussed HR professional by presenting an autobiographical reflexive account of a group of recent Masters graduates who completed a reflexive digital bricolage (Armstrong, 2018) as their final research project (Human Resource Reflective Project). The challenges facing encouraging CPD in students as future professionals beyond the use of learning logs (Holden & Griggs, 2011). This also proposes a method of overcoming and making sense of values (Gardner, 2009) and the struggles for identity, professional development and career development as discussed by Pettica-Harris and McKenna (2013)

    Towards a strong practice-based virtue ethics for nursing

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    PhD ThesisIllness creates a range of negative emotions in patients including vulnerability, powerlessness and dependence on others for help. The nursing literature is saturated with debate about a 'therapeutic' nurse-patient relationship. However, despite the current agenda regarding patient-centred care, literature concerning the development of good interpersonal responses and the view that a satisfactory nursing ethics should focus on persons and character traits rather than actions, nursing ethics is dominated by the traditional obligation, act-centred theories such as consequentialism and deontology. I critically examine these theories and the role of duty-based notions in both general ethics and nursing practice. Because of well-established flaws, I conclude that obligation-based moral theories are incomplete and inadequate for nursing practice. Instead, the moral virtues and virtue ethics provide a plausible and viable alternative for nursing practice. I develop an account of a virtue-based helping relationship and a virtue-based approach to nursing. The latter is characterized by three features: (1) exercising the moral virtues such as compassion and courage, (2) using judgment and (3) using moral wisdom - moral perception, sensitivity and imagination. Merits and problems of this approach are examined. Following Macintyre, I conceive nursing as a practice; nurses who exercise the virtues and seek the internal goods help to sustain the practice of nursing and thus prevent the marginalization of the virtues. The strong (action-guiding) practice based version of virtue ethics proposed is context-dependent, particularist and relational. Several areas for future philosophical inquiry and empirical nursing research are suggested to develop this account yet further.Department of Psychiatry, University of Newcastle upon Tyne. Catherine Cookson Bequest Bursary, 1998-2001

    Bricks and Brick Making at the Harriet Tubman Home: Archaeology, History and Neutron Activation Analysis

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    This archaeological study examines a brick kiln and use of brick at Harriet Tubman’s farmsteads in Auburn and Fleming, New York. The study begins by presenting evidence of a brick kiln on the Harriet Tubman Home for the Aged (HTH) property and proceeds to a refined analysis of brick and clay element composition using Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) to define source from structures and features across the property. The study uses findings relating to brick use to examine and the social and economic roles of brick making on Tubman’s properties and in the local community. The brick kiln on the HTH property was identified through a combination of surface survey, remote sensing, shovel testing, and excavation. This study analyzes each of these data sets using an interpretive contextual approach to present descriptive, graphic and statistical information on the Tubman brick kiln site. It then goes on to take a closer look at the composition of brick and clay samples from the brick kiln site (Locus 6) in relation to brick use across the Tubman property. One question that arose during the course of analysis is: Are the brick used in the construction of Tubman’s residence and barn (Locus 1), and buildings on the adjacent Harriet Tubman Home for the Aged property, including a dormitory/infirmary called John Brown Hall (Locus 3), and brick foundation next to a wood frame house (Locus 2) made of locally produced brick? This question is addressed using neutron activation analysis. Archaeological reconnaissance facilitated the identification and excavation of a brick kiln previously undocumented on this National Landmark property. This study reports on the brick kiln structure and uses a combination spatial, material, and historical analyses to generate maps and distribution maps as well as descriptive reconstructions of the kiln and its operations. The element composition of 51 brick and clay samples were examined using NAA. These samples were run at the MURR Archaeometric Laboratory with funding from a Crown Scholar’s grant and a research grant subsidy from NSF Grant (#0802757). Samples from the brick kiln and from structures and features on Tubman’s properties were selected in order to yield data from each locus and feature on the Tubman properties and from adjacent properties associated with brick making. The samples also included materials from known off site sources. The NAA analysis indicates that nearly all of the clay samples project an element and chemical composition that is consistent with a local production source. However, no significant statistical differentiation can be made between the brick from the Tubman site brick kiln and the nearby Saunders brick kiln (200 meters to the south). Brick used in construction of structures on the Tubman properties all fall within what has been defined as an “Auburn” brick and clay cluster. Three exotic brick were defined and verified as having element composition that is not consistent with the local clay and brick. However, two brick from Syracuse show similar composition to the Auburn cluster and may well have been made from clay deriving from the same glacial deposits and drainage area. Finally, clay marbles from the site were probably not made locally, but rather probably originally soda bottle stoppers broken out of bottles from a range of exotic manufacture sources. Finally, the study examines the findings in relation to the broader Tubman archaeological and historical study. It concludes with a discussion of the role of the brick kiln in the broader social and economic networks reflected by the HTH properties and the life of Harriet Tubman in Central New York

    Diisopropylamide and TMP turbo-grignard reagents : a structural rationale for their contrasting reactivities

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    A neutral dimeric molecule in crystal form, the diisopropylamido turbo-Grignard reagent "(iPr2N)MgCl⋅LiCl" (see structure; blue N, red O, green Mg, yellow Cl, black C) separates into several charged ate species in dynamic exchange with each other in THF solution as determined by a combination of EXSY and DOSY NMR studies