23 research outputs found

    Development and validation of a multidimensional job satisfaction scale in different cultures

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    Pioneer studies towards the definition of the concept of job satisfaction are based on the beginning of the 20th century. Since its presentation, this concept has been attracting the attention of researchers and executives because of its influence on individualsÔÇÖ behaviour in organizations. The effects of job satisfaction on the various concepts has been tested and proven in myriad researches. However using diverse measurement instruments including many different dimensions show us that there is no certain consensus of measuring at least basic components of this concept. Today, much of the used questionnaires coming from the developing countries and reflecting the employee behaviour of Anglo-Saxon cultures. By translating those questionnaires without considering their cultural differences, of course, may not give us accurate results and damaging the validity of the scales. This study aims to fill this gap by measuring the concept on the basic and necessary factors, and developing a multidimensional job satisfaction scale reckoning with cultural effect. As a consequence of our extensive literature scanning, we established a scale incorporating six dimensions of job satisfaction concept. 699 data were collected from Turkish and Russian well-known businessmen associations in textile field and analysed through confirmatory factor analysis to assess validity and reliability. The data that obtained generally from the SMEs and basically/mentally from two different developing countries forefront the cross-cultural dimension of the research. As a result of the analysis, we have attempted to contribute to business executives and academics by providing a multidimensional job satisfaction scale

    An Innovative Solution for Transportation among Caspian Region

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    AbstractGlobalization and liberalization of the economies in worldwide raise the importance of transportation strategies to make difference in competitive environment. The rise of Asian economies attracted the attention of other countries. As a result of, the center of gravity of the World trade has shifted towards the east, Eurasian countries has appeared as ensuring sustainable economic growth by developing the trade relations among Eurasian countries as well as with other countries, and also European countries decided to expand the transport networks which facilitate trade relations. In line with these strategies, Asia-Europe transport corridor projects have been created. Some of these projects are; the Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T), Pan-European Corridors (PEC), Modern Silk Road and Europe-Caucasia-Asia Transport Corridor (TRACECA). But, there are deficiencies (like infrastructure, legislation) existing when these projects put into practice, and also, Caspian Sea (as an important land defect) necessitates intermodal transportation. In this paper, it has been aimed to examine alternative transportation lines in the region, reveal the current problems, and propose solutions within the context of infrastructure or transport policies. In scope of the study, qualitative research technique used, several visits were made to stakeholder countries to obtain data from field studies, and workshops were held as closed sessions

    Management of Recurrent Rectourethral Fistula by York Mason Posterior Transrectal Transsphincteric Approach

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    Rectourethral fistula (RUF) may develop after ureterovesical and rectal intervention or radiation therapy (RT) rarely, but it is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The patient will typically present with pneumaturia, faecaluria, and urinary drainage from the rectum. Diagnosis can be easily done with digital rectal examination, cystography, and urethrocystoscopy. Conservative supportive management of RUF does not appear to be successful in most patients, and management with surgical intervention remains the best treatment option. Several surgical techniques have been described including transabdominal, transanal, transperineal, combined abdominoperineal, anterior and posterior transsphincteric, transsacral, laparoscopic, robotic, and endoscopic minimally invasive approaches. There have been very few data about treatment of recurrent RUF. We would like to report the management of recurrent RUF following transurethral resection of prostate and RT for prostate carcinoma in an immunosuppressed, 75-year-old patient by York Mason posterior transrectal transsphincteric approach

    Treatment of delayed jejunal perforation after irreducible femoral hernia repair with open abdomen management and delayed abdominal closure with skin flap approximation

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    Introduction: We show the management of a delayed jejunal perforation, after irreducible femoral hernia operation with the help of negative pressure therapy (NPT) and delayed abdominal closure (DAC) with skin flap approximation in an elderly woman for the first time in the literature. Presentation of case: A 76 year-old woman was admitted to the emergency department with irreducible femoral hernia and ileus. After examining the femoral hernia sac and noting the presence of viable intestine within the hernia sac, a femoral hernia repair with mesh was performed. At postoperative day 1 she started to defecate and oral intake was started. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 3. On postoperative day 8, she was re-admitted to the emergency department with septic shock. The patient underwent reoperation. Septic abdomen and delayed perforation from strangulated part of the jejunum were seen. A jejunostomy was opened and patient was treated with open abdomen management and delayed abdominal closure with skin flap. The ostomy was closed 4 months later. Discussion: The exact mechanism of delayed presentation of small bowel perforation remains controversial. Delayed intestinal perforation has rarely been reported after blunt abdominal trauma (BAT), conductive burn injuries of the bowel with cautery, or necrosis of strangulated bowel in a hernia sac. Open abdomen (OA) management is a life-saving and challenging strategy in severe generalized peritonitis. Conclusion: Delayed bowel perforation may develop after irreducible femoral hernia surgery. OA management with NPT and DAC with skin flap approximation are optimal treatment modalities for the hemodynamically instable patient

    The Relationships among Different Organizational Culture and Leadership Types with Organizational Commitment: A Field Study on Logistics Firms

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    Logistics industry contributes to the adaptation of the firms to the requirements of global competitiveness by ensuring the movement of goods. Despite the changes and developments in context of telecommunication and transportation technologies logistics industry is still having a labor-intensive structure. Thus, to sustain organizational capabilities that created through employees is an important factor to achieve competitive advantage. According to the literature, desirable work outcomes of employees are related with their organizational commitment behavior to their organizations. Moreover in logistics firms, to adapt competitive environment and to create organizational capabilities through employees, leaders have to demonstrate leadership behaviors as forming and supporting a capability creating organizational culture. Thus the aim of this study is to explore the effects of organizational culture and leadership styles on employeesÔÇÖ commitment. To reach this aim a questionnaire survey is performed and data collected from 448 employees of 39 logistics firms analyzed by using SPSS v.15 statistical program. Findings of this research are supported the positive effects of leadership and organizational culture on the organizational commitment in context of logistics industry

    Linking leadership style to firm performance: the mediating effect of the learning orientation

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    AbstractTurkey has undergone a series of recent crises in 1994, 1999 and 2001. Firms that manage the crises successfully survived and become high performing organizations of Turkey. This high performing organization which survived in crises has attracted attention of so many researchers and characteristics of those firms began to be surveyed. In this context this survey is being started to examine and reveal the characteristics of those high performing firms. Leadership has been subject to so many studies examining the high performing organizations in literature. Besides leadership style, cultural competitiveness is emphasized as another high performing factor in literature. Within the framework of cultural competitiveness, our study focuses on the notion that learning orientation as one of the cultural based elements that effect firm performance mediates the relationship between leadership style and firma performance. The survey of this study is conducted on 343 middle and senior managers of 125 high performing firms operating in manufacturing industry in Turkey, between the years of 2008-2010. Firms fulfilling the criteria that (1) being indicated in the list of ÔÇťFortune 1000 of TurkeyÔÇŁ between the years of 1997-2007, and (2) not being undergone a loss for those 10 years, are indexed as high performing firms. The obtained data from the questionnaires are analyzed through the SPSS statistical packaged software. Factor analysis, reliability analysis, correlation and regression analyses are used to evaluate the data. Analyses results revealed that both dimensions of learning orientation (commitment to learning and shared vision and open-mindedness) mediate the effects of the relations-oriented and task-oriented leadership on the firm performance

    ├ľrg├╝tsel Yurtta┼čl─▒k Davran─▒┼č─▒ : Kavramsal Geli┼čimi ile Ki┼čisel ve ├ľrg├╝tsel Etkileri

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    In recent years the researches on organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) increased rapidly. As a result of this growth some conceptual confusion about the OCB concept has been occurred. The purpose of this paper is to summarize and review the extant literature on OCB. The first section of this paper will define the OCB concept and construct that have been identified in the literature and summarize the dimensions of OCB. Next, it will explain the consequences of OCB on job satisfaction, motivation and organizational effectiveness."├ľrg├╝tsel Yurtta┼čl─▒k Davran─▒┼č─▒ (├ľYD)" ├╝zerine yap─▒lan ara┼čt─▒rmalarda son y─▒llarda b├╝y├╝k bir art─▒┼č g├Âr├╝lmektedir. Bu h─▒zl─▒ art─▒┼č─▒n sonucu olarak ├ľYD'n─▒n kavramsal yap─▒s─▒ ├╝zerinde baz─▒ kar─▒┼č─▒kl─▒klar ortaya ├ž─▒kmaktad─▒r. Bu ├žal─▒┼čman─▒n amac─▒, mevcut ├ľYD literat├╝r├╝n├╝ g├Âzden ge├žirerek bir ├Âzetini yapmakt─▒r. ├çal─▒┼čmada ├Âncelikle literat├╝rde tan─▒mlanan ├ľYD kavram─▒ ve yap─▒s─▒ a├ž─▒klanarak ├ľYD'n─▒n boyutlar─▒ ├Âzetlenecektir. Daha sonra ├ľYD'n─▒n i┼č tatmini, motivasyon ve ├Ârg├╝tlerin etkinli─či ├╝zerinde g├Âr├╝len sonu├žlar─▒ a├ž─▒klanacakt─▒r
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