1,712 research outputs found

    The DESPEC setup for GSI and FAIR

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    Smart retrofitting for human factors: a face recognition-based system proposal

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    Industry nowadays must deal with the so called “fourth industrial revolution”, i.e. Industry 4.0. This revolution is based on the introduction of new paradigms in the manufacturing industry such as flexibility, efficiency, safety, digitization, big data analysis and interconnection. However, human factors’ integration is usually not considered, although included as one of the paradigms. Some of these human factors’ most overlooked aspects are the customization of the worker’s user experience and on-board safety. Moreover, the issue of integrating state of the art technologies on legacy machines is also of utmost importance, as it can make a considerable difference on the economic and environmental aspects of their management, by extending the machine’s life cycle. In response to this issue, the Retrofitting paradigm, the addition of new technologies to legacy machines, has been considered. In this paper we propose a novel modular system architecture for secure authentication and worker’s log-in/log-out traceability based on face recognition and on state-of-the-art Deep Learning and Computer Vision techniques, as Convolutional Neural Networks. Starting from the proposed architecture, we developed and tested a device designed to retrofit legacy machines with such capabilities, keeping particular attention to the interface usability in the design phase, little considered in retrofitting applications along with other Human Factors, despite being one of the pillars of Industry 4.0. This research work’s results showed a dramatic improvement regarding machines on-board access safety

    A new approach to β-decays studies impacting nuclear physics and astrophysics: The PANDORA setup

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    Theory predicts that lifetimes of β-radionuclides can change dramatically as a function of their ionization state. Experiments performed in Storage Rings on highly ionized atom have proven nuclei can change their beta decay lifetime up to several orders of magnitude. The PANDORA (Plasmas for Astrophysics, Nuclear Decay Observation and Radiation for Archaeometry) experiment is now conceived to measure, for the first time, nuclear β-decay rates using magnetized laboratory plasma that can mimic selected stellar-like conditions in terms of the temperature of the environment. The main feature of the setup which is based on a plasma trap to create and sustain the plasma, a detector array for the measurement of the gamma-rays emitted by the daughter nuclei after the decay process and the diagnostic tools developed to online monitor the plasma will be presented. A short list of the physics cases we plan to investigate together with an evaluation of their feasibility will be also discussed

    High-Precision Spectroscopy of 20{20}O Benchmarking Ab Initio Calculations in Light Nuclei

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    International audienceHigh-precision spectroscopy of 20O benchmarking ab-initio calculations in light nucleiI. Zanon,1, 2 E. Cl´ement,3 A. Goasduff,1 J. Men´endez,4 T. Miyagi,5, 6, 7 M. Assi´e,8 M. Ciemala,9F. Flavigny,10 A. Lemasson,3 A. Matta,10 D. Ramos,3 M. Rejmund,3 L. Achouri,10 D. Ackermann,3D. Barrientos,11 D. Beaumel,8 G. Benzoni,12 A.J. Boston,13 H.C. Boston,13 S. Bottoni,14, 12 A. Bracco,12, 14D. Brugnara,1, 15 G. de France,3 N. de Sereville,8 F. Delaunay,10 P. Desesquelles,8 F. Didierjean,16C. Domingo-Prato,17 J. Dudouet,18 J. Eberth,19 D. Fern´andez,20 C. Foug`eres,3 A. Gadea,17 F. Galtarossa,8V. Girard-Alcindor,3 V. Gonzales,21 A. Gottardo,1 F. Hammache,8 L.J. Harkness-Brennan,13 H. Hess,19D.S Judson,13 A. Jungclaus,22 A. Ka¸ska¸s,23 Y.H. Kim,24 A. Ku¸so˘glu,25 M. Labiche,26 S. Leblond,3C. Lenain,10 S.M. Lenzi,27 S. Leoni,12 H. Li,3 J. Ljungvall,8 J. Lois-Fuentes,20 A. Lopez-Martens,8A. Maj,28 R. Menegazzo,27 D. Mengoni,15, 27 C. Michelagnoli,3, 24 B. Million,12 D.R. Napoli,1 J. Nyberg,29G. Pasqualato,15, 27 Zs. Podolyak,30 A. Pullia,12 B. Quintana,31 F.Recchia,15, 27 D. Regueira-Castro,20 P. Reiter,19K. Rezynkina,32 J.S. Rojo,33 M.D. Salsac,34 E. Sanchis,21 M. S¸enyi˘git,23 M. Siciliano,34, 35 D. Sohler,36O. Stezowski,18 Ch. Theisen,34 A. Utepov,3, 10 J.J. Valiente-Dob´on,1 D. Verney,8 and M. Zielinska341INFN Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Legnaro, Italy.2Dipartimento di Fisica e Scienze della Terra, Universit`a di Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.3Grand Acc´el´erateur National d’Ions Lourds (GANIL), CEA/DRF-CNRS/IN2P3, Caen, France4Department of Quantum Physics and Astrophysics and Institute of Cosmos Sciences, University of Barcelona, Spain5Technische Universit¨at Darmstadt, Department of Physics, Darmstadt, Germany6ExtreMe Matter Institute, GSI Helmholtzzentrum f¨ur Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Darmstadt, Germany7Max-Planck-Institut f¨ur Kernphysik, Heidelberg, Germany8Universit´e Paris-Saclay, CNRS/IN2P3, IJCLab, 91405 Orsay, France9IFJ PAN, Krakow, Poland.10Universit´e de Caen Normandie, ENSICAEN, CNRS/IN2P3, LPC Caen UMR6534, F-14000 Caen, France.11CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23, Switzerland12INFN Sezione di Milano, I-20133 Milano, Italy13Oliver Lodge Laboratory, The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.14Dipartimento di Fisica, Universit`a di Milano, Milano, Italy15Dipartimento di Fisica, Universit`a di Padova, Padova, Italy.16Universit´e de Strasbourg, IPHC, Strasbourg, France.17Instituto de Fisica Corpuscolar, CSIC-Universidad de Valencia, E-46071 Valencia, Spain.18Universit´e de Lyon, Universit´e Lyon-1, CNRS/IN2P3,UMR5822, IP2I, F-69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France19Institut f¨ur Kernphysik, Universit¨at zu K¨oln, Z¨ulpicher Str. 77, D-50937 K¨oln, Germany20IGFAE and Dpt. de F´ısica de Part´ıculas, Univ. of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain21Departamento de Ingenier´ıa Electr´onica, Universitat de Valencia, Burjassot, Valencia, Spain22Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, Madrid, E-28006 Madrid, Spain23Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Ankara University, 06100 Besevler - Ankara, Turkey24Institue Laue-Langevin, Grenoble, France.25Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Istanbul University, Vezneciler/Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey.26STFC Daresbury Laboratory, Daresbury, Warrington, WA4 4AD, UK27INFN, Sezione di Padova, I-35131 Padova, Italy.28The Henryk Niewodnicza´nski Institute of Nuclear Physics,Polish Academy of Sciences, 31-342 Krak´ow, Poland29Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden30Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK31Laboratorio de Radiaciones Ionizantes, Departamento de F´ısica Fundamental,Universidad de Salamanca, E-37008 Salamanca, Spain32Universit´e de Strasbourg, CNRS, IPHC UMR 7178, F-67000 Strasbourg, France33Department of Physics, University of York, York, UK.34Irfu, CEA, Universit´e Paris-Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France35Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont (IL) 60439, United States.36Institute for Nuclear Research, Atomki, 4001 Debrecen, HungaryThe excited states of unstable 20O were investigated via γ-ray spectroscopy following the19O(d, p)20O reaction at 8 AMeV. By exploiting the Doppler Shift Attenuation Method, the lifetimeof the 2+2 and 3+1 states were firmly established. From the γ-ray branching and E2/M1 mixing ratiosfor transitions deexciting the 2+2 and 3+1 states, the B(E2) and B(M1) were determined. Variouschiral effective field theory Hamiltonians, describing the nuclear properties beyond ground states,along with a standard USDB interaction, were compared with the experimentally obtained data.Such a comparison for a large set of γ-ray transition probabilities with the valence space in medium 2similarity renormalization group ab-initio calculations was performed for the first time in a nucleusfar from stability. It was shown that the ab-initio approaches using chiral EFT forces are challengedby detailed high-precision spectroscopic properties of nuclei. The reduced transition probabilitieswere found to be a very constraining test of the performance of the ab-initio model

    Advances in nuclear structure via charged particle reactions with AGATA

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    International audienceIn recent decades, γ\gamma -ray spectroscopy has undergone a major technological leap forward, namely the technique of γ\gamma -ray tracking, and has attained a sensitivity that is two orders of magnitude larger than that provided by the former generation of Compton-shielded arrays. Indeed the gain is comparable with the achievements since the dawn of γ\gamma -ray spectroscopy. Such sensitivity can be further heightened by coupling γ\gamma -ray spectrometers to other detectors that record complementary reaction products such as light-charged particles for transfer reactions and scattered ions for Coulomb excitation measurements. Nucleon transfer reactions offer an excellent mean to probe the energies of shell model single-particle orbitals and to study migration in energy of these orbitals as we venture away from stability. Such measurements can also estimate the cross sections of processes relevant to stellar evolution and nucleosynthesis. The measurement of γ\gamma rays in coincidence with particles provides also information on the decay channel for unbound systems, which constitutes a useful input for astrophysics and nuclear structure near the drip-lines. Coulomb-excitation studies make it possible to infer collective structure in nuclei and to extract deformation properties of, in particular, open-shell systems. Here, selected examples will be presented, highlighting the power of these types of experiments when γ\gamma -ray observation is included. The development of the experimental methods is reviewed, showing the results achieved before the advent of γ\gamma -ray tracking. Examples of more recent experiments that have successfully exploited γ\gamma -ray tracking with AGATA are then presented as showcases for the outstanding performance of the composite detection systems. The outlook for experiments using newly developed devices such as GRIT and other detectors such as SPIDER is described

    High-spin states in 212Po above the α-decaying (18+) isomer

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    The nucleus Po has been produced through the fragmentation of a U primary beam at 1 GeV/nucleon at GSI, separated with the FRagment Separator, FRS, and studied via isomer γ-decay spectroscopy with the RISING setup. Two delayed previously unknown γ rays have been observed. One has been attributed to the E3 decay of a 21 isomeric state feeding the α-emitting 45-s (18) high-spin isomer. The other γ-ray line has been assigned to the decay of a higher-lying 23 metastable state. These are the first observations of high-spin states above the Po (18) isomer, by virtue of the selectivity obtained via ion-by-ion identification of U fragmentation products. Comparison with shell-model calculations points to shortfalls in the nuclear interactions involving high-j proton and neutron orbitals, to which the region around Z∼100 is sensitive.This work was partially supported by the Ministry of Science, and Generalitat Valenciana, Spain, under the Grants SEV-2014-0398, FPA2017-84756-C4, PID2019-104714GB-C21, PROMETEO/2019/005 and by the EU FEDER funds. The support of the UK STFC, of the Swedish Research Council under Contract No. 2008-4240 and No. 2016-3969 and of the DFG (EXC 153) is also acknowledged. The experimental activity has been partially supported by the EU under the FP6-Integrated Infras-tructure Initiative EURONS, Contract No. RII3-CT-2004-506065 and FP7-Integrated Infrastructure Initiative ENSAR, Grant No. 262010

    Emergence of triaxiality in 74Se from electric monopole transition strengths

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    The structure of 74Se at low energy was investigated via spectroscopy of internal conversion electrons at the INFN Legnaro National Laboratories (LNL). A set of internal K-conversion coefficients and monopole transition strengths was measured. A large ρ2(E0;22+→21+)⋅103=210(130) value was deduced. This result, in addition to a low upper limit for the 03+→02+ electron transition, casts in doubt a simple interpretation of the 74Se low-lying structure, in particular the recently proposed spherical, vibrational character. New microscopic beyond-mean-field calculations generally agree with the experimental results and are capable of producing a large ρ2(E0;22+→21+) value, even if still a factor ≈7 smaller than the experiment. Triaxiality and a complex shape-coexistence and mixing scenario seem responsible for this unexpected experimental result

    New detection systems for an enhanced sensitivity in key stellar (n,γ) measurements

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    Neutron capture cross-section measurements are fundamental in the study of astrophysical phenomena, such as the slow neutron capture (s-) process of nucleosynthesis operating in red-giant and massive stars. However, neutron capture measurements via the time-of-flight (TOF) technique on key s-process nuclei are often challenging. Difficulties arise from the limited mass (∼mg) available and the high sample-related background in the case of the unstable s-process branching points. Measurements on neutron magic nuclei, that act as s-process bottlenecks, are affected by low (n,γ) cross sections and a dominant neutron scattering background. Overcoming these experimental challenges requires the combination of facilities with high instantaneous flux, such as n_TOFEAR2, with detection systems with an enhanced detection sensitivity and high counting rate capabilities. This contribution reviews some of the latest detector developments in detection systems for (n,γ) measurements at n_TOF, such as i-TED, an innovative detection system which exploits the Compton imaging technique to reduce the dominant neutron scattering background and s-TED, a highly segmented total energy detector intended for high flux facilities. The discussion will be illustrated with results of the first measurement of key the s-process branching-point reaction 79Se(n,γ).Title in Web of Science: New detection systems for an enhanced sensitivity in key stellar (n,gamma) measurements</p

    Conceptual design of the AGATA 2π array at LNL

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    High resolution

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    Neutron capture cross section measurements of isotopes close to s-process branching-points are of fundamental importance for the understanding of this nucleosynthesis mechanism through which about 50% of the elements heavier than iron are produced. We present in this contribution the results corresponding to the high resolution measurement, for first time ever, of the 80Se(n, γ) cross section, in which 98 resonances never measured before have been reported. As a consequence, ten times more precise values for the MACS have been obtained compared to previous accepted value adopted in the astrophysical KADoNiS data base
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