96,908 research outputs found

    Orbital Fluctuation-Induced Triplet Superconductivity : Mechanism of Superconductivity in Sr2RuO4{\rm Sr}_{2}{\rm RuO}_{4}

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    The mechanism of superconductivity in Sr2RuO4{\rm Sr}_{2}{\rm RuO}_{4} is studied using a degenerate Hubbard model within the weak coupling theory. When the system approaches the orbital instability which is realized due to increasing the on-site Coulomb interaction between the electrons in the different orbitals, it is shown that the triplet superconductivity appears. This superconducting mechanism is only available in orbitally degenerate systems with multiple Fermi surfaces.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure

    Study of the electron trigger efficiency of the CMS Experiment using test beam data

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    A study of the electron identification and selection efficiency of the L1 Trigger algorithm has been performed using the combined ECAL/HCAL test beam data. A detailed discussion of the electron isolation and its impact on the selection efficiency is presented. The L1 electron algorithm is studied for different beam energies and the results indicate that efficiencies of 98% or more can be achieved for electrons with energies between 15 and 100 GeV. The fraction of charged hadrons with energies from 3 up to 100 GeV rejected by the L1 electron trigger algorithm is estimated to be larger than 93%.Comment: 22 pages, 14 figure

    Academic entrepreneurship : a source of competitive advantage

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    This�report is the result of a cooperation between�EIM,�Erasmus University�and Indiana University. The study has largely been executed by students of�the assocation�'Le Manageur'�under supervision of�the above institutions. The study evaluates university�spin-offs�in the transfer of� technology from universities into society and provides a comparative case study of spin-off� stimulation. The study concludes that governments that would like to tackle�problems in�knowledge transfer between firms and public institutions should�encourage knowledge institutions to adopt a more proactive stance towards commercialization and cooperation. Stimulating an entrepreneurial spirit and knowledge spin-offs in public research and educational institutions�can help overcome many of the problems in knowledge transfer. This research shows that spin-offs�are�a good supplement to existing transfer mechanisms such as�licensing and contract research. University spin-offs�are a good way to transfer�radical and incremental technologies�to society.�This form of technology transfer does require a strong supporting infrastructure and sufficient entrepreneurial human capital.

    Transverse Spin Structure of the Nucleon through Target Single Spin Asymmetry in Semi-Inclusive Deep-Inelastic (e,e′π±)(e,e^\prime \pi^\pm) Reaction at Jefferson Lab

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    Jefferson Lab (JLab) 12 GeV energy upgrade provides a golden opportunity to perform precision studies of the transverse spin and transverse-momentum-dependent structure in the valence quark region for both the proton and the neutron. In this paper, we focus our discussion on a recently approved experiment on the neutron as an example of the precision studies planned at JLab. The new experiment will perform precision measurements of target Single Spin Asymmetries (SSA) from semi-inclusive electro-production of charged pions from a 40-cm long transversely polarized 3^3He target in Deep-Inelastic-Scattering kinematics using 11 and 8.8 GeV electron beams. This new coincidence experiment in Hall A will employ a newly proposed solenoid spectrometer (SoLID). The large acceptance spectrometer and the high polarized luminosity will provide precise 4-D (xx, zz, PTP_T and Q2Q^2) data on the Collins, Sivers, and pretzelocity asymmetries for the neutron through the azimuthal angular dependence. The full 2π\pi azimuthal angular coverage in the lab is essential in controlling the systematic uncertainties. The results from this experiment, when combined with the proton Collins asymmetry measurement and the Collins fragmentation function determined from the e+^+e−^- collision data, will allow for a quark flavor separation in order to achieve a determination of the tensor charge of the d quark to a 10% accuracy. The extracted Sivers and pretzelocity asymmetries will provide important information to understand the correlations between the quark orbital angular momentum and the nucleon spin and between the quark spin and nucleon spin.Comment: 23 pages, 13 figures, minor corrections, matches published versio

    SEAD: Preserving Data for Environmental Sciences in Areas of Climate, Land-Use, and Environmental Management

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    NSF Funded DataNet Project #OCI0940824 • SEAD goal is to contribute infrastructure to the NSF DataNet Vision that supports data • Access • Sharing • Reuse • Preservation • Direct work with data at the NSF STC NCED (National Center for Earth-Surface Dynamics

    Use of the instantaneous wave-free ratio or fractional flow reserve in PCI

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    Transethnic genome-wide scan identifies novel Alzheimer\u27s disease loci

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    SMARCAD1 contributes to the regulation of naive pluripotency by interacting with histone citrullination

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    Admixture mapping reveals evidence of differential multiple sclerosis risk by genetic ancestry

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