9 research outputs found

    Serpina1 (alpha1-AT) is synthesized in the osteoblastic stem cell niche.

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    OBJECTIVE: Previously, we identified Serpina1 as a potent inhibitor of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSC/HPC) mobilization. Serpina1 protein is found in the bone marrow (BM) extracellular fluid and concentrations are decreased during granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-induced HSC/HPC mobilization in mice. In addition, administration of exogenous Serpina1 protein inhibits HSC/HPC mobilization. BM cells responsible for production and secretion of Serpina1 remain unknown. Here, we examined the expression of Serpina1 in order to identify cell populations of the BM that synthesize Serpina1. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Osteoblast (OB) and hematopoietic BM cell fractions were isolated from femurs, tibias, and humeri obtained from untreated mice. Subsequently, each BM fraction was examined for the production of Serpina1 messenger RNA and protein by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting, and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that Serpina1 messenger RNA is produced at high levels by OB compared to hematopoietic BM cells. Furthermore, Western blot analysis indicated that Serpina1 protein was secreted by OB. In contrast, no Serpina1 protein could be detected in the supernatant obtained from overnight cultured hematopoietic BM cells. Finally, in BM sections obtained from the femurs of untreated mice, Serpina1 protein was detected in OB cells lining the bone. CONCLUSION: Serpina1 protein in the BM extracellular fluid is predominantly produced by OB. This indicates that Serpina1 may play a regulatory role in the maintenance of HSC in the OB stem cell niche

    Friction and wear studies on nylon-6/SiO2 nanocomposites

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    Composites of nanometer-sized silica (SiO2) filler incorporated in nylon-6 polymer were prepared by compression molding. Their friction and wear properties were investigated on a pin on disk tribometer by running a flat pin of steel against a composite disc. The morphologies of the composites as well as of the wear track were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The addition of 2 wt % SiO2 resulted in a friction reduction (¬Ķ) from 0.5 to 0.18 when compared with neat nylon-6. This low silica loading led to a reduction in wear rate by a factor of 140, whereas the influence of higher silica loadings was less pronounced. The smooth morphology obtained after the wear test indicated the negligible contribution to friction of the pin to the nanocomposite

    Novel (sulfated) thyroid hormone transporters in the solute carrier 22 family.

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    OBJECTIVE: Thyroid hormone (TH) transport represents a critical first step in governing intracellular TH regulation. It is still unknown whether the full repertoire of TH transporters has been identified. Members of the solute carrier (SLC) 22 family have substrates in common with the known TH transporters of the organic anion-transporting peptide family. Therefore, we screened the SLC22 family for TH transporters. METHODS: Uptake of 1 nM of iodothyronines or sulfated iodothyronines in COS1 cells expressing SLC22 proteins was performed. RESULTS: We first tested 25 mouse (m) SLC22 proteins for TH uptake and found that the majority of the organic anion transporter (OAT) clade were capable of 3,3',5-triiodothyronine and/or thyroxine (T4) transport. Based on phylogenetic tree analysis of the mouse and human (h) SLC22 family, we selected eight hSLC22s that grouped with the newly identified mouse TH transporters. Of these, four tested positive for uptake of one or more substrates, particularly hSLC22A11 showed robust (3-fold over control) uptake of T4. Uptake of sulfated iodothyronines was strongly (up to 17-fold) induced by some SLC22s, most notably SLC22A8, hSLC22A9, mSLC22A27 and mSLC22A29. Finally, the zebrafish orthologues of SLC22A6/8 drOatx and drSlc22a6l also transported almost all (sulfated) iodothyronines tested. The OAT inhibitors lesinurad and probenecid inhibited most SLC22 proteins. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrated that members of the OAT clade of the SLC22 family constitute a novel, evolutionary conserved group of transporters for (sulfated) iodothyronines. Future studies should reveal the relevance of these transporters in TH homeostasis and physiology

    Effects of Survivorship Care Plans on patient reported outcomes in ovarian cancer during 2-year follow-up - The ROGY care trial

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    Item does not contain fulltextOBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the long-term impact of an automatically generated Survivorship Care Plan (SCP) on patient reported outcomes in ovarian cancer in routine clinical practice. Outcome measures included satisfaction with information provision and care, illness perceptions and health care utilization. METHODS: In this pragmatic cluster randomized trial, twelve hospitals in the South of the Netherlands were randomized to 'SCP care' or 'usual care'. All newly diagnosed ovarian cancer patients in the 'SCP care' arm received an SCP that was automatically generated by the oncology provider, by clicking a button in the web-based Registrationsystem Oncological GYnecology (ROGY). Ovarian cancer patients (N=174, mean age 63.3, SD=11.4; all stages) completed questionnaires directly after initial treatment and after 6, 12 and 24months. RESULTS: First questionnaires were returned from 61 (67%) ovarian cancer patients in the 'SCP care' arm and 113 (72%) patients in the 'usual care' arm. In the 'SCP care' arm, 66% (N=41) of the patients reported receipt of an SCP. No overall differences were observed between the trial arms on satisfaction with information provision, satisfaction with care or health care utilization. Regarding illness perceptions, patients in the 'SCP care' arm had lower beliefs that the treatment would help to cure their disease (overall, 6.7 vs. 7.5, P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: SCPs did not increase satisfaction with information provision or care in ovarian cancer patients. Our trial results suggest that ovarian cancer patients may not benefit from an SCP. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01185626

    Electronic reporting of rare endocrine conditions within a clinical network: Results from the EuRRECa project

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    Objective The European Registries for Rare Endocrine Conditions (EuRRECa, eurreb.eu) includes an e-reporting registry (e-REC) used to perform surveillance of conditions within the European Reference Network (ERN) for rare endocrine conditions (Endo-ERN). The aim of this study was to report the experience of e-REC over the 3.5 years since its launch in 2018. Methods Electronic reporting capturing new encounters of Endo-ERN conditions was performed monthly through a bespoke platform by clinicians registered to participate in e-REC from July 2018 to December 2021. Results The number of centres reporting on e-REC increased to a total of 61 centres from 22 countries. A median of 29 (range 11, 45) paediatric and 32 (14, 51) adult centres had reported cases monthly. A total of 9715 and 4243 new cases were reported in adults (age ‚Č•18 years) and children, respectively. In children, sex development conditions comprised 40% of all reported conditions and transgender cases were most frequently reported, comprising 58% of sex development conditions. The median number of sex development cases reported per centre per month was 0.6 (0, 38). Amongst adults, pituitary conditions comprised 44% of reported conditions and pituitary adenomas (69% of cases) were most commonly reported. The median number of pituitary cases reported per centre per month was 4 (0.4, 33). Conclusions e-REC has gained increasing acceptability over the last 3.5 years for capturing brief information on new encounters of rare conditions and shows wide variations in the rate of presentation of these conditions to centres within a reference network