2,191 research outputs found

    Z boson production in p+Pb collisions at sNN√=5.02 TeV measured with the ATLAS detector

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    The ATLAS Collaboration has measured the inclusive production of Z bosons via their decays into electron and muon pairs in p+Pb collisions at √ sNN = 5.02 TeV at the Large Hadron Collider. The measurements are made using data corresponding to integrated luminosities of 29.4 nb−1 and 28.1 nb−1 for Z → ee and Z → ””, respectively. The results from the two channels are consistent and combined to obtain a cross section times the Z → `` branching ratio, integrated over the rapidity region |y ∗ Z | < 3.5, of 139.8 ± 4.8 (stat.) ± 6.2 (syst.) ± 3.8 (lumi.) nb. Differential cross sections are presented as functions of the Z boson rapidity and transverse momentum, and compared with models based on parton distributions both with and without nuclear corrections. The centrality dependence of Z boson production in p+Pb collisions is measured and analyzed within the framework of a standard Glauber model and the model’s extension for fluctuations of the underlying nucleon-nucleon scattering cross sectionFil: Aad, G.. Aix-Marseille UniversitĂ©; FranciaFil: Abbott, B.. Oklahoma State University; Estados UnidosFil: Abdallah, J.. Academia Sinica; ChinaFil: Abdinov, O.. Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences; AzerbaiyĂĄnFil: Aben, R.. University of Amsterdam; PaĂ­ses BajosFil: Alconada Verzini, MarĂ­a Josefina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones CientĂ­ficas y TĂ©cnicas. Centro CientĂ­fico TecnolĂłgico Conicet - La Plata. Instituto de FĂ­sica La Plata. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Instituto de FĂ­sica La Plata; ArgentinaFil: Alonso, Francisco. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones CientĂ­ficas y TĂ©cnicas. Centro CientĂ­fico TecnolĂłgico Conicet - La Plata. Instituto de FĂ­sica La Plata. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Instituto de FĂ­sica La Plata; ArgentinaFil: Arduh, Francisco Anuar. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones CientĂ­ficas y TĂ©cnicas. Centro CientĂ­fico TecnolĂłgico Conicet - La Plata. Instituto de FĂ­sica La Plata. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Instituto de FĂ­sica La Plata; ArgentinaFil: Dova, Maria Teresa. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones CientĂ­ficas y TĂ©cnicas. Centro CientĂ­fico TecnolĂłgico Conicet - La Plata. Instituto de FĂ­sica La Plata. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Instituto de FĂ­sica La Plata; ArgentinaFil: Monticelli, Fernando Gabriel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones CientĂ­ficas y TĂ©cnicas. Centro CientĂ­fico TecnolĂłgico Conicet - La Plata. Instituto de FĂ­sica La Plata. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Instituto de FĂ­sica La Plata; ArgentinaFil: Wahlberg, Hernan Pablo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones CientĂ­ficas y TĂ©cnicas. Centro CientĂ­fico TecnolĂłgico Conicet - La Plata. Instituto de FĂ­sica La Plata. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Instituto de FĂ­sica La Plata; ArgentinaFil: Otero y Garzon, Gustavo Javier. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones CientĂ­ficas y TĂ©cnicas. Oficina de CoordinaciĂłn Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Instituto de FĂ­sica de Buenos Aires. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de FĂ­sica de Buenos Aires; ArgentinaFil: Piegaia, Ricardo Nestor. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones CientĂ­ficas y TĂ©cnicas. Oficina de CoordinaciĂłn Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Instituto de FĂ­sica de Buenos Aires. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de FĂ­sica de Buenos Aires; ArgentinaFil: Reisin, Hernan Diego. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones CientĂ­ficas y TĂ©cnicas. Oficina de CoordinaciĂłn Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Instituto de FĂ­sica de Buenos Aires. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de FĂ­sica de Buenos Aires; ArgentinaFil: Sacerdoti, Sabrina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones CientĂ­ficas y TĂ©cnicas. Oficina de CoordinaciĂłn Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Instituto de FĂ­sica de Buenos Aires. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de FĂ­sica de Buenos Aires; ArgentinaFil: Zieminska, D.. Indiana University; Estados UnidosFil: Zimine, N. I.. Joint Institute for Nuclear Research ; RusiaFil: Zimmermann, C.. UniversitĂ€t Mainz; AlemaniaFil: Zimmermann, S.. Albert-Ludwigs-UniversitĂ€t; AlemaniaFil: Zinonos, Z.. Georg-August-UniversitĂ€t; AlemaniaFil: Zinser, M.. UniversitĂ€t Mainz; AlemaniaFil: Ziolkowski, M.. UniversitĂ€t Siegen ; AlemaniaFil: Ćœivković, L.. University of Belgrade; SerbiaFil: Zobernig, G.. University of Wisconsin; Estados UnidosFil: Zoccoli, A.. UniversitĂ  di Bologna; ItaliaFil: Nedden, M. zur. Humboldt University; AlemaniaFil: Zurzolo, G.. UniversitĂ  di Napoli; ItaliaFil: Zwalinski, L.. Cern - European Organization For Nuclear Research; SuizaFil: The ATLAS Collaboration. No especifica

    Measurement of the parity-violating asymmetry parameter αb and the helicity amplitudes for the decay Λ0b→J/ψ+Λ0 with the ATLAS detector

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    A measurement of the parity-violating decay asymmetry parameter, αb, and the helicity amplitudes for the decay Λb0→J/ψ(ÎŒ+ÎŒ-)Λ0(pπ-) is reported. The analysis is based on 1400 Λb0 and Λ¯b0 baryons selected in 4.6  fb-1 of proton-proton collision data with a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV recorded by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. By combining the Λb0 and Λ¯b0 samples under the assumption of CP conservation, the value of αb is measured to be 0.30±0.16(stat)±0.06(syst). This measurement provides a test of theoretical models based on perturbative QCD or heavy-quark effective theory.Fil: F. Monticelli.Fil: Atlas Collaboration

    Measurement of the production of a W boson in association with a charm quark in pp collisions at sqrt(s)=7 TeV with the ATLAS detector

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    The production of a W boson in association with a single charm quark is studied using 4.6 fb^-1 of pp collision data at sqrt(s)=7 TeV collected with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. In events in which a W boson decays to an electron or muon, the charm quark is tagged either by its semileptonic decay to a muon or by the presence of a charmed meson. The integrated and differential cross sections as a function of the pseudorapidity of the lepton from the W-boson decay are measured. Results are compared to the predictions of next-to-leading-order QCD calculations obtained from various parton distribution function parameterisations. The ratio of the strange-to-down sea-quark distributions is determined to be 0.96 +0.26 -0.30 at Q^2=1.9 GeV^2, which supports the hypothesis of an SU(3)-symmetric composition of the light-quark sea. Additionally, the cross-section ratio sigma(W^+ + bar{c})/sigma(W^- + c) is compared to the predictions obtained using parton distribution function parameterisations with different assumptions about the s-bar{s} quark asymmetry.Fil: ATLAS Collaboration, G. AAd, F. Monticelli, et al. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones CientĂ­ficas y TĂ©cnicas. Centro CientĂ­fico TecnolĂłgico Conicet - La Plata. Instituto de FĂ­sica La Plata. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Instituto de FĂ­sica La Plata; Argentina. Cern - European Organization For Nuclear Research; Suiz

    EEG-triggered functional MRI in patients with pharmacoresistant epilepsy

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    Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) triggered by scalp electroencephalography (EEG) recordings has become a promising new tool for noninvasive epileptic focus localization. Studies to date have shown that it can be used safely and that highly localized information can be obtained. So far, no reports using comprehensive clinical information and/or long-term follow-up after epilepsy surgery in a larger patient group have been given that would allow a valuable judgment of the utility of this technique. Here, the results of 11 patients with EEG-triggered fMRI exams who also underwent presurgical evaluation of their epilepsy are given. In most patients we were able to record good quality EEG inside the magnet, allowing us to trigger fMRI acquisition by interictal discharges. The fMRI consisted of echoplanar multislice acquisition permitting a large anatomical coverage of the patient's brain. In 8 of the 11 patients the exam confirmed clinical diagnosis, either by the presence (n = 7) or absence (n = 1) of focal signal enhancement. In six patients, intracranial recordings were carried out, and in five of them, the epileptogenic zone as determined by fMRI was confirmed. Limitations were encountered a) when the focus was too close to air cavities; b) if an active epileptogenic focus was absent; and c) if only reduced cooperation with respect to body movements was provided by the patient. We conclude that EEG-triggered fMRI is a safe and powerful noninvasive tool that improves the diagnostic value of MRI by localizing the epileptic focus precisely

    Measurement of the cross-section and charge asymmetry of WW bosons produced in proton-proton collisions at s=8\sqrt{s}=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector

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    This paper presents measurements of the W+→Ό+ÎœW^+ \rightarrow \mu^+\nu and W−→Ό−ΜW^- \rightarrow \mu^-\nu cross-sections and the associated charge asymmetry as a function of the absolute pseudorapidity of the decay muon. The data were collected in proton--proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the ATLAS experiment at the LHC and correspond to a total integrated luminosity of 20.2~\mbox{fb^{-1}}. The precision of the cross-section measurements varies between 0.8% to 1.5% as a function of the pseudorapidity, excluding the 1.9% uncertainty on the integrated luminosity. The charge asymmetry is measured with an uncertainty between 0.002 and 0.003. The results are compared with predictions based on next-to-next-to-leading-order calculations with various parton distribution functions and have the sensitivity to discriminate between them.Comment: 38 pages in total, author list starting page 22, 5 figures, 4 tables, submitted to EPJC. All figures including auxiliary figures are available at https://atlas.web.cern.ch/Atlas/GROUPS/PHYSICS/PAPERS/STDM-2017-13

    Measurement of χ c1 and χ c2 production with s√ = 7 TeV pp collisions at ATLAS