757 research outputs found

    Listen-and-Talk: Full-duplex Cognitive Radio Networks

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    In traditional cognitive radio networks, secondary users (SUs) typically access the spectrum of primary users (PUs) by a two-stage "listen-before-talk" (LBT) protocol, i.e., SUs sense the spectrum holes in the first stage before transmit in the second stage. In this paper, we propose a novel "listen-and-talk" (LAT) protocol with the help of the full-duplex (FD) technique that allows SUs to simultaneously sense and access the vacant spectrum. Analysis of sensing performance and SU's throughput are given for the proposed LAT protocol. And we find that due to self-interference caused by FD, increasing transmitting power of SUs does not always benefit to SU's throughput, which implies the existence of a power-throughput tradeoff. Besides, though the LAT protocol suffers from self-interference, it allows longer transmission time, while the performance of the traditional LBT protocol is limited by channel spatial correction and relatively shorter transmission period. To this end, we also present an adaptive scheme to improve SUs' throughput by switching between the LAT and LBT protocols. Numerical results are provided to verify the proposed methods and the theoretical results.Comment: in proceeding of IEEE Globecom 201

    Distributed Cooperative Sensing in Cognitive Radio Networks: An Overlapping Coalition Formation Approach

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    Cooperative spectrum sensing has been shown to yield a significant performance improvement in cognitive radio networks. In this paper, we consider distributed cooperative sensing (DCS) in which secondary users (SUs) exchange data with one another instead of reporting to a common fusion center. In most existing DCS algorithms, the SUs are grouped into disjoint cooperative groups or coalitions, and within each coalition the local sensing data is exchanged. However, these schemes do not account for the possibility that an SU can be involved in multiple cooperative coalitions thus forming overlapping coalitions. Here, we address this problem using novel techniques from a class of cooperative games, known as overlapping coalition formation games, and based on the game model, we propose a distributed DCS algorithm in which the SUs self-organize into a desirable network structure with overlapping coalitions. Simulation results show that the proposed overlapping algorithm yields significant performance improvements, decreasing the total error probability up to 25% in the Q_m+Q_f criterion, the missed detection probability up to 20% in the Q_m/Q_f criterion, the overhead up to 80%, and the total report number up to 10%, compared with the state-of-the-art non-overlapping algorithm

    Social Data Offloading in D2D-Enhanced Cellular Networks by Network Formation Games

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    Recently, cellular networks are severely overloaded by social-based services, such as YouTube, Facebook and Twitter, in which thousands of clients subscribe a common content provider (e.g., a popular singer) and download his/her content updates all the time. Offloading such traffic through complementary networks, such as a delay tolerant network formed by device-to-device (D2D) communications between mobile subscribers, is a promising solution to reduce the cellular burdens. In the existing solutions, mobile users are assumed to be volunteers who selfishlessly deliver the content to every other user in proximity while moving. However, practical users are selfish and they will evaluate their individual payoffs in the D2D sharing process, which may highly influence the network performance compared to the case of selfishless users. In this paper, we take user selfishness into consideration and propose a network formation game to capture the dynamic characteristics of selfish behaviors. In the proposed game, we provide the utility function of each user and specify the conditions under which the subscribers are guaranteed to converge to a stable network. Then, we propose a practical network formation algorithm in which the users can decide their D2D sharing strategies based on their historical records. Simulation results show that user selfishness can highly degrade the efficiency of data offloading, compared with ideal volunteer users. Also, the decrease caused by user selfishness can be highly affected by the cost ratio between the cellular transmission and D2D transmission, the access delays, and mobility patterns

    Listen-and-Talk: Protocol Design and Analysis for Full-duplex Cognitive Radio Networks

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    In traditional cognitive radio networks, secondary users (SUs) typically access the spectrum of primary users (PUs) by a two-stage "listen-before-talk" (LBT) protocol, i.e., SUs sense the spectrum holes in the first stage before transmitting in the second. However, there exist two major problems: 1) transmission time reduction due to sensing, and 2) sensing accuracy impairment due to data transmission. In this paper, we propose a "listen-and-talk" (LAT) protocol with the help of full-duplex (FD) technique that allows SUs to simultaneously sense and access the vacant spectrum. Spectrum utilization performance is carefully analyzed, with the closed-form spectrum waste ratio and collision ratio with the PU provided. Also, regarding the secondary throughput, we report the existence of a tradeoff between the secondary transmit power and throughput. Based on the power-throughput tradeoff, we derive the analytical local optimal transmit power for SUs to achieve both high throughput and satisfying sensing accuracy. Numerical results are given to verify the proposed protocol and the theoretical results

    Gaussian-Based Quasiparticle Self-Consistent GWGW for Periodic Systems

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    We present a quasiparticle self-consistent GWGW (QSGW) implementation for periodic systems based on crystalline Gaussian basis sets. Our QSGW approach is based on a full-frequency analytic continuation GW scheme with Brillouin zone sampling and employs the Gaussian density fitting technique. We benchmark our QSGW implementation on a set of weakly-correlated semiconductors and insulators as well as strongly correlated transition metal oxides including MnO, FeO, CoO, and NiO. Band gap, band structure, and density of states are evaluated using finite size corrected QSGW. We find that although QSGW systematically overestimates band gaps of tested semiconductors and transition metal oxides, it completely removes the dependence on the choice of density functionals and provides more consistent prediction of spectral properties than G0W0G_0W_0 across a wide range of solids. This work paves the way for utilizing QSGW in ab initio quantum embedding for solids.Comment: 7 pages, 4 figures, 2 table
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