2,415 research outputs found

    Fluctuations of TASEP and LPP with general initial data

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    We prove Airy process variational formulas for the one-point probability distribution of (discrete time parallel update) TASEP with general initial data, as well as last passage percolation from a general lattice path to a point. We also consider variants of last passage percolation with inhomogeneous parameter geometric weights and provide variational formulas of a similar nature. This proves one aspect of the conjectural description of the renormalization fixed point of the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang universality class.Comment: 44 pages, 6 figure

    Antimicrobial Effect of Transition Metal Oxide Nanoparticles

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    Sampling Online Social Networks via Heterogeneous Statistics

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    Most sampling techniques for online social networks (OSNs) are based on a particular sampling method on a single graph, which is referred to as a statistics. However, various realizing methods on different graphs could possibly be used in the same OSN, and they may lead to different sampling efficiencies, i.e., asymptotic variances. To utilize multiple statistics for accurate measurements, we formulate a mixture sampling problem, through which we construct a mixture unbiased estimator which minimizes asymptotic variance. Given fixed sampling budgets for different statistics, we derive the optimal weights to combine the individual estimators; given fixed total budget, we show that a greedy allocation towards the most efficient statistics is optimal. In practice, the sampling efficiencies of statistics can be quite different for various targets and are unknown before sampling. To solve this problem, we design a two-stage framework which adaptively spends a partial budget to test different statistics and allocates the remaining budget to the inferred best statistics. We show that our two-stage framework is a generalization of 1) randomly choosing a statistics and 2) evenly allocating the total budget among all available statistics, and our adaptive algorithm achieves higher efficiency than these benchmark strategies in theory and experiment