87,247 research outputs found

    Self Interference of Single Electrodynamic Particle in Double Slit

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    It is by the long established fact in experiment and theory that electromagnetic waves, here as one component of an IED particle, passing a double slit will undergo self inference each, producing at a detector plane fringed intensities. The wave generating point charge of a zero rest mass, as the other component of the particle, is maintained a constant energy and speed by a repeated radiation reabsorption/reemission scheme, and in turn steered in direction in its linear motion by the reflected radiation field, and will thereby travel to the detector along (one of) the optical path(s) of the waves leading to a bright interference fringe. We elucidate the process formally based on first principles solutions for the IED particle and known principles for wave-matter interaction.Comment: Presentation at The 6th Int. Symp. Quantum Theory and Symmetries, Univ. Kent, 2009

    On the Mass-to-Light Ratio of Large Scale Structure

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    We examine the dependence of the mass-to-light (M/L) ratio of large-scale structure on cosmological parameters, in models that are constrained to match observations of the projected galaxy correlation function w(rp). For a sequence of cosmological models with a fixed P(k) shape and increasing normalization \sig8, we find parameters of the galaxy halo occupation distribution (HOD) that reproduce SDSS measurements of w(rp) as a function of luminosity. Using these HOD models we calculate mean M/L ratios as a function of halo mass and populate halos of N-body simulations to compute M/L in larger scale environments, including cluster infall regions. For all cosmological models, the M/L ratio in high mass halos or high density regions is approximately independent of halo mass or smoothing scale. However, the "plateau" value of M/L depends on \sig8 as well as \Omega_m, and it represents the universal mass-to-light ratio only for models in which the galaxy correlation function is approximately unbiased, i.e., with \sig8 ~ \sig8_gal. Our results for cluster mass halos follow the trend M/L = 577(\Omega_m/0.3)(\sig8/0.9)^{1.7} h Msun/Lsun. Combined with Carlberg et al.'s (1996) mean M/L ratio of CNOC galaxy clusters, this relation implies (\sig8/0.9)(\Omega_m/0.3)^{0.6} = 0.75 +/- 0.06. M/L ratios of clusters from the SDSS and CAIRNS surveys yield similar results. This constraint is inconsistent with parameter values \Omega_m ~ 0.3, \sig8 ~ 0.9 favored by recent joint analyses of CMB measurements and other large-scale structure data. We discuss possible resolutions, none of which seems entirely satisfactory. Appendices present an improved formula for halo bias factors and an improved analytic technique for calculating the galaxy correlation function from a given cosmological model and HOD. (Abridged)Comment: Accepted to ApJ (v 630, no 2). Replaced with accepted versio

    Description of Charged Particle Pseudorapidity Distributions in Pb+Pb Collisions with Tsallis Thermodynamics

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    The centrality dependence of pseudorapidity distributions for charged particles produced in Au+Au collisions at sNN=130\sqrt{s_{NN}}=130 GeV and 200 GeV at RHIC, and in Pb+Pb collisions at sNN=2.76\sqrt{s_{NN}}=2.76 TeV at LHC are investigated in the fireball model, assuming that the rapidity axis is populated with fireballs following one distribution function. We assume that the particles in the fireball fulfill the Tsallis distribution. The theoretical results are compared with the experimental measurements and a good agreement is found. Using these results, the pseudorapidity distributions of charged particles produced in Pb+Pb central collisions at sNN=5.02\sqrt{s_{NN}}=5.02 TeV and 10 TeV are predicted.Comment: 9 pages, 8 figure

    Introduction to the Special Issue: Genome-Wide Association Studies

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    Introduction to the Special Issue: Genome-Wide Association StudiesComment: Published in at http://dx.doi.org/10.1214/09-STS310 the Statistical Science (http://www.imstat.org/sts/) by the Institute of Mathematical Statistics (http://www.imstat.org

    Corrections to scaling in the dynamic approach to the phase transition with quenched disorder

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    With dynamic Monte Carlo simulations, we investigate the continuous phase transition in the three-dimensional three-state random-bond Potts model. We propose a useful technique to deal with the strong corrections to the dynamic scaling form. The critical point, static exponents β\beta and ν\nu, and dynamic exponent zz are accurately determined. Particularly, the results support that the exponent ν\nu satisfies the lower bound ν2/d\nu \geqslant 2/d.Comment: 10 pages, 6 figures, 2 table