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    Charged Scalar Perturbations around Garfinkle-Horowitz-Strominger Black Holes

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    We examine the stability of the Garfinkle-Horowitz-Strominger (GHS) black hole under charged scalar perturbations. We find that different from the neutral scalar field perturbations, only two numerical methods, such as the continued fraction method and the asymptotic iteration method, can keep high efficiency and accuracy requirements in the frequency domain computations. The comparisons of the efficiency between these two methods have also been done. Employing the appropriate numerical method, we show that the GHS black hole is always stable against charged scalar perturbations. This is different from the result obtained in the de Sitter and Anti-de Sitter black holes. Furthermore we argue that in the GHS black hole background there is no amplification of the incident charged scalar wave to cause the superradiance, so that the superradiant instability cannot exist in this spacetime.Comment: 24 pages, 5 figure

    Superradiant instability of Kerr-de Sitter black holes in scalar-tensor theory

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    We investigate in detail the mechanism of superradiance to render the instability of Kerr-de Sitter black holes in scalar-tensor gravity. Our results provide more clues to examine the scalar-tensor gravity in the astrophysical black holes in the universe with cosmological constant. We also discuss the spontaneous scalarization in the de Sitter background and find that this instability can also happen in the spherical de Sitter configuration in a special style.Comment: (v2)21 pages, 21 figures; Sec. V revised; This version has been accepted for publication by JHE