38 research outputs found

    The Power Flow Angle of Acoustic Waves in Thin Piezoelectric Plates

    Get PDF
    The curves of slowness and power flow angle (PFA) of quasi-antisymmetric (A0) and quasi-symmetric (S0) Lamb waves as well as quasi-shear-horizontal (SH0) acoustic waves in thin plates of lithium niobate and potassium niobate of X-,Y-, and Z-cuts for various propagation directions and the influence of electrical shorting of one plate surface on these curves and PFA have been theoretically investigated. It has been found that the group velocity of such waves does not coincide with the phase velocity for the most directions of propagation. It has been also shown that S0 and SH0 wave are characterized by record high values of PFA and its change due to electrical shorting of the plate surface in comparison with surface and bulk acoustic waves in the same material. The most interesting results have been verified by experiment. As a whole, the results obtained may be useful for development of various devices for signal processing, for example, electrically controlled acoustic switchers

    The characteristics of fundamental shear-horizontal acoustic waves in structure ‚Äúnanocomposite polymeric film-vacuum gap-piezoelectric plate‚ÄĚ

    Get PDF
    AbstractRecently it has been shown that SH0 wave in structure ‚Äúpiezoelectric plate-nanocomposite polymeric film with Fe nanoparticles‚ÄĚ is characterized by the low TCD (‚ąľ15¬†ppm/C) and high value of K2¬†(‚ąľ32%). However in the case of the acoustical contact of polymeric material with the plate such structure possesses significant attenuation of the acoustic wave (‚ąľ1dB/őĽ). In order to avoid this effect it was suggested to use the structure containing the gap between the polymeric film and plate. As the result of theoretical analysis the dependencies of SH0 wave velocity versus relative thickness of vacuum gap were obtained. It has been found that there exist such values of gap and dielectric permittivity of the nanocomposite material when the value of TCD of SH0 wave significantly decreases. At that the attenuation connected with the dissipation factor is practically absent

    Search for dark matter produced in association with bottom or top quarks in ‚ąös = 13 TeV pp collisions with the ATLAS detector

    Get PDF
    A search for weakly interacting massive particle dark matter produced in association with bottom or top quarks is presented. Final states containing third-generation quarks and miss- ing transverse momentum are considered. The analysis uses 36.1 fb‚ąí1 of proton‚Äďproton collision data recorded by the ATLAS experiment at ‚ąös = 13 TeV in 2015 and 2016. No significant excess of events above the estimated backgrounds is observed. The results are in- terpreted in the framework of simplified models of spin-0 dark-matter mediators. For colour- neutral spin-0 mediators produced in association with top quarks and decaying into a pair of dark-matter particles, mediator masses below 50 GeV are excluded assuming a dark-matter candidate mass of 1 GeV and unitary couplings. For scalar and pseudoscalar mediators produced in association with bottom quarks, the search sets limits on the production cross- section of 300 times the predicted rate for mediators with masses between 10 and 50 GeV and assuming a dark-matter mass of 1 GeV and unitary coupling. Constraints on colour- charged scalar simplified models are also presented. Assuming a dark-matter particle mass of 35 GeV, mediator particles with mass below 1.1 TeV are excluded for couplings yielding a dark-matter relic density consistent with measurements

    Charged-particle distributions at low transverse momentum in s=13\sqrt{s} = 13 TeV pppp interactions measured with the ATLAS detector at the LHC