613 research outputs found

    Mass-luminosity relation and pulsational properties of Wolf-Rayet stars

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    Evolution of Population I stars with initial masses from 70M_\odot to 130M_\odot is considered under various assumptions on the mass loss rate \dot M. The mass-luminosity relation of W-R stars is shown to be most sensitive to the mass loss rate during the helium burning phase \dot M_{3\alpha}. Together with the mass-luminosity relation obtained for all evolutionary sequences several more exact relations are determined for the constant ratio f_{3\alpha}=\dot M/\dot M_{3\alpha} with 0.5 \le f_{3\alpha} \le 3. Evolutionary models of W-R stars were used as initial conditions in hydrodynamic computations of radial nonlinear stellar oscillations. The oscillation amplitude is larger in W-R stars with smaller initial mass or with lower mass loss rate due to higher surface abundances of carbon and oxygen. In the evolving W-R star the oscillation amplitude decreases with decreasing stellar mass M and for M < 10M_\odot the sufficiently small nonlinear effects allow us to calculate the integral of the mechanical work W done over the pulsation cycle in each mass zone of the hydrodynamical model. The only positive maximum on the radial dependence of W is in the layers with temperature of T\sim 2e5K where oscillations are excited by the iron Z--bump kappa-mechanism. Radial oscillations of W-R stars with mass of M > 10M_\odot are shown to be also excited by the kappa-mechanism but the instability driving zone is at the bottom of the envelope and pulsation motions exist in the form of nonlinear running waves propagating outward from the inner layers of the envelope.Comment: 15 pages, 10 figures, submitted to Astronomy Letter

    The structure of radiative shock waves. III. The model grid for partially ionized hydrogen gas

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    The grid of the models of radiative shock waves propagating through partially ionized hydrogen gas with temperature 3000K <= T_1 <= 8000K and density 10^{-12} gm/cm^3 <= \rho_1 <= 10^{-9}gm/cm^3 is computed for shock velocities 20 km/s <= U_1 <= 90 km/s. The fraction of the total energy of the shock wave irreversibly lost due to radiation flux ranges from 0.3 to 0.8 for 20 km/s <= U_1 <= 70 km/s. The postshock gas is compressed mostly due to radiative cooling in the hydrogen recombination zone and final compression ratios are within 1 <\rho_N/\rho_1 \lesssim 10^2, depending mostly on the shock velocity U_1. The preshock gas temperature affects the shock wave structure due to the equilibrium ionization of the unperturbed hydrogen gas, since the rates of postshock relaxation processes are very sensitive to the number density of hydrogen ions ahead the discontinuous jump. Both the increase of the preshock gas temperature and the decrease of the preshock gas density lead to lower postshock compression ratios. The width of the shock wave decreases with increasing upstream velocity while the postshock gas is still partially ionized and increases as soon as the hydrogen is fully ionized. All shock wave models exhibit stronger upstream radiation flux emerging from the preshock outer boundary in comparison with downstream radiation flux emerging in the opposite direction from the postshock outer boundary. The difference between these fluxes depends on the shock velocity and ranges from 1% to 16% for 20 km/s <= U_1 <= 60 km/s. The monochromatic radiation flux transported in hydrogen lines significantly exceeds the flux of the background continuum and all shock wave models demonstrate the hydrogen lines in emission.Comment: 11 pages, 11 figures, LaTeX, to appear in A
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