2,984 research outputs found

    Water for Energy Development in Southern New Mexico: A Case Study of the Duke Energy Luna Energy Facility

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    News and Narrative in the Early Meiji Period: Kanagaki Robun’s Saga denshinroku

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    Neurology in the psychiatric patient: how to think about differentials in altered mental status and diagnoses not to miss

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    A wide variety of neurological conditions may present first to a psychiatrist and it is important to be aware of these in differential diagnosis. A careful history, examination and a broad differential diagnosis can help set up an appropriate management plan – with room to change if things change in unexpected ways. In this article we explore common ground shared by psychiatry and neurology and show how incorporation of neurological knowledge can improve the practice of psychiatry. Using four fictional case vignettes of altered mental status we explore important neurological differential diagnoses which could present to the Psychiatrist

    Quantum simulator for the Hubbard model with long-range Coulomb interactions using surface acoustic waves

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    A practical experimental scheme for a quantum simulator of strongly correlated electrons is proposed. Our scheme employs electrons confined in a two dimensional electron gas in a GaAs/AlGaAs heterojunction. Two surface acoustic waves are then induced in the GaAs substrate, which create a two dimensional ``egg-carton'' potential. The dynamics of the electrons in this potential is described by a Hubbard model with long-range Coulomb interactions. The state of the electrons in this system can be probed via its conductance and noise properties. This allows the identification of a metallic or insulating state. Numerical estimates for the parameters appearing in the effective Hubbard model are calculated using the proposed experimental system. These calculations suggest that observations of quantum phase transition phenomena of the electrons in the potential array are within experimental reach.Comment: 5 pages, 5 figure

    Cardiovascular autonomic responses in pre- and post-ganglionic models of chronic autonomic failure

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    Multiple System Atrophy (MSA) and Pure Autonomic Failure (PAF) are contrasting models of Chronic Autonomic failure. PAF primarily involves the post-ganglionic autonomic nervous system, whilst in MSA the pre-ganglionic structures are impaired. My central hypothesis is that this underlying neuropathological difference between MSA and PAF will lead to differing cardiovascular responses. I will assess the cardiovascular effects of known pressor and vasomotor stimuli (mental arithmetic, cold pressor test, isometric exercise, water ingestion, inhaled CO2 and inspiratory gasp) in MSA and PAF. Neurohormonal aspects will be explored by comparing the cardiovascular effects of the α2-adrenoceptor agonist clonidine with serum noradrenaline levels in these groups, as well as comparing supine antidiuretic hormone (ADH) levels after head up tilt and correlating these with supine blood pressure (BP). As well as contrasting the cardiovascular responses, I will use the water ingestion studies to examine effects on orthostatic hypotension, a common complication of both MSA and PAF. To measure cardiovascular responses during these studies I have used the Portapres II device to obtain continuous, non-invasive, beat-to-beat measurements of BP and heart rate (HR). Subsequent Model flow analysis using Beatscope software has then been used to calculate further cardiovascular indices, including cardiac output (CO), stroke volume (SV) and total peripheral resistance (TPR). In addition, intermittent BP and HR measurements have been obtained with an automated sphygmomanometer (Dinamap). Finally, peripheral vasomotor responses have been recorded by means of the Laser Doppler perfusion meter

    Quantum simulation of Fermi-Hubbard models in semiconductor quantum dot arrays

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    We propose a device for studying the Fermi-Hubbard model with long-range Coulomb interactions using an array of quantum dots defined in a semiconductor two-dimensional electron gas system. Bands with energies above the lowest energy band are used to form the Hubbard model, which allows for an experimentally simpler realization of the device. We find that depending on average electron density, the system is well described by a one- or two-band Hubbard model. Our device design enables the control of the ratio of the Coulomb interaction to the kinetic energy of the electrons independently to the filling of the quantum dots, such that a large portion of the Hubbard phase diagram may be probed. Estimates of the Hubbard parameters suggest that a metal-Mott insulator quantum phase transition and a d-wave superconducting phase should be observable using current fabrication technologies.Comment: 12 pages, 3 figures, 1 table

    What can the SEDs of first hydrostatic core candidates reveal about their nature?

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    The first hydrostatic core (FHSC) is the first stable object to form in simulations of star formation. This stage has yet to be observed definitively, although several candidate FHSCs have been reported. We have produced synthetic spectral energy distributions (SEDs) from 3D hydrodynamical simulations of pre-stellar cores undergoing gravitational collapse for a variety of initial conditions. Variations in the initial rotation rate, radius and mass lead to differences in the location of the SED peak and far-infrared flux. Secondly, we attempt to fit the SEDs of five FHSC candidates from the literature and five newly identified FHSC candidates located in the Serpens South molecular cloud with simulated SEDs. The most promising FHSC candidates are fitted by a limited number of model SEDs with consistent properties, which suggests the SED can be useful for placing constraints on the age and rotation rate of the source. The sources we consider most likely to be in FHSC phase are B1-bN, CB17-MMS, Aqu-MM1 and Serpens South candidate K242. We were unable to fit SerpS-MM22, Per-Bolo 58 and Chamaeleon-MMS1 with reasonable parameters, which indicates that they are likely to be more evolved.Comment: 26 pages, 28 figures. Accepted for publication in MNRA
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