1,106 research outputs found

    Applying Geographically Weighted Regression to Conjoint Analysis: Empirical Findings from Urban Park Amenities

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    The objective of this study is to develop spatially-explicit choice model and investigate its validity and applicability in CA studies. This objective is achieved by applying locally-regressed geographically weighted regression (GWR) and GIS to survey data on hypothetical dogrun facilities (off-leash dog area) in urban recreational parks in Tokyo, Japan. Our results show that spatially-explicit conditional logit model developed in this study outperforms traditional model in terms of data fit and prediction accuracy. Our results also show that marginal willingness-to-pay for various attributes of dogrun facilities has significant spatial variation. Analytical procedure developed in this study can reveal spatially-varying individual preferences on attributes of urban park amenities, and facilitates area-specific decision makings in urban park planning.Choice experiments, conjoint analysis, dogrun, geographically weighted regression, spatial econometrics, Research Methods/ Statistical Methods, Resource /Energy Economics and Policy,

    Improvement of bearing failure behaviour of T-shaped steel beam-reinforced concrete columns joints using perfbond plate connectors

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    [EN] For the joints composed of steel beams and reinforced concrete columns, shear failure and bearing failure are the key failure modes. The shear failure indicates stable hysteresis loop without the strength degradation. On the other hand, the bearing failure mode indicates large pinching and strength degration after the attainment of the maximum load.Accordingly, bearing failure in the joints should not be caused in RCS system.To improve the bearing failure behavior of S beam - RC column joint, joint details using perfobond plate connectors were proposed. Perfobond plate connectors were attached on the upper and bottom flanges at right angles to the steel flange. The objective of this study is to clarify the effectiveness of proposed joints details experimentally and theoretically.Six specimens were tested. All specimens were T-shaped planar beam - column joints with 350mm square RC column and S beams with the width of 125mm and the depth of 300mm. The beams were all continuous through the column.Perfobond plate connectors were attached on the bottom flanges at right angles to the steel flange.Three holes were set up in the perfobond plate connectors. The experimental variable was the transverse reinforcement ratio of the joints. The transverse reinforcement ratio of the joints was 0.181% and 0.815%. For each transverse reinforcement ratio of the joints, specimen without the perfobond plate connectors, specimen with the perfobond plate connectors and specimen with the reinforcing bar inserted the hole of perfobond plate connectors were planned.For all specimens, the hysteresis loop showed the reversed S-shape. However, energy dissipation for specimens for specimens with perfobond plate connectors was larger than of specimen without perfobond plate connectors. Bearing strength of specimens with perfobond plate connectors was larger than that of specimen without perfobond plate connectors. From the test results, shear strength of concrete connector a hole was 0.7 times compression strength of concrete.On the other hand, shear strength of inserted reinforcing bar was 1.25 times shear strength of reinforcing bar.Based on the stress transferring mechanism and resistance mechanism of joints proposed by authors, the design formulae of joints with perfobond plate connectors were proposed.The predictions were shown to be in good agreement with the test results.Yoshida, M.; Nishimura, Y. (2018). Improvement of bearing failure behaviour of T-shaped steel beam-reinforced concrete columns joints using perfbond plate connectors. En Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Advances in Steel-Concrete Composite Structures. ASCCS 2018. Editorial Universitat Politècnica de València. 457-463. https://doi.org/10.4995/ASCCS2018.2018.7007OCS45746

    Modeling peculiar velocities of dark matter halos

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    We present a simple model that accurately describes various statistical properties of peculiar velocities of dark matter halos. We pay particular attention to the following two effects; first, the evolution of the halo peculiar velocity depends on the local matter density, instead of the global density. Second, dark matter halos are biased tracers of the underlying mass distribution, thus halos tend to be located preferentially at high density regions. For the former, we develop an empirical model calibrated with N-body simulations, while for the latter, we use a conventional halo bias models based on the extended Press-Schechter model combined with an empirical log-normal probability distribution function of the mass density distribution. We find that compared with linear theory, the present model significantly improves the accuracy of predictions of statistical properties of the halo peculiar velocity field including the velocity dispersion, the probability distribution function, and the pairwise velocity dispersion at large separations. Thus our model predictions may be useful in analyzing future observations of the peculiar velocities of galaxy clusters.Comment: This paper was published in MNRAS, 343, 1312 (2003). Owing to an error in numerical computations, some incorrect results were presented there. Erratum is to be published in MNRAS. Conclusions of the original version are unaffected by the correction. This version supersedes the original versio

    切断実現ボラティリティの推定と観測時間間隔 -日本株式による実証分析-

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    要旨あり高頻度金融データに基づく統計的推測とモデリング研究ノー

    EFFECTS OF STRETCH-SHORTENING CYCLE DURING TRUNK-TWIST EXERCISE USING DIFFERENT LOADS

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    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of stretch-shortening cyde (SSC) movement during bunk-twist and whether the effects change on increasing the loads by using a special trunk-twist machine. Twenty-one male college students performed trunktwist exercise with 3 loads. Participants performed this exercise for each load by using SSC and not using SSC (CON). Kinematic and kinetic data were recorded using Vimn system (250 Hz) and force platform (1,000 Hz). The following effects of SSC for this exercise were observed: (1) peak bar angular velocity was not potentiated by SSC, but SSC contributed to the acceleration of bar angular velocity and (2)for heavy loads, SSC did not affect mean angular velocity of the bar, upper trunk and pelvic rotation. Moreover, peak joint torque power of trunk-twist significantly decreased with heavy loads

    Clustering of dark matter halos on the light-cone: scale-, time- and mass-dependence of the halo biasing in the Hubble volume simulations

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    We develop a phenomenological model to predict the clustering of dark matter halos on the light-cone by combining several existing theoretical models. Assuming that the velocity field of halos on large scales is approximated by linear theory, we propose an empirical prescription of a scale-, mass-, and time-dependence of halo biasing. We test our model against the Hubble Volume NN-body simulation and examine its validity and limitations. We find a good agreement in two-point correlation functions of dark matter halos between the phenomenological model predictions and measurements from the simulation for R>5h1R>5h^{-1}Mpc both in the real and redshift spaces. Although calibrated on the mass scale of groups and clusters and for redshifts up to z2z\sim2, the model is quite general and can be applied to a wider range of astrophysical objects, such as galaxies and quasars, if the relation between dark halos and visible objects is specified.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figures, ApJL accepted. New references adde

    THE EFFECT OF INCREASING JUMP STEPS ON THE TAKE-OFF LEG IN BOUNDING

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    The purpose of this study was to clarify the effect of increasing jump steps in bounding in terms of three-dimensional joint kinetics for the take-off leg. Eleven male track and field athletes performed horizontal bounding from the standing posture. Kinematic and kinetic data were recorded using a Vicon T20 system (250 Hz) and force platforms (1,000 Hz). As jump steps increased, the joint kinetics characteristics are as follows: 1) ankle plantar flexion torque and knee extension torque and power increased, but hip extension torque and power did not increase; and 2) hip external torque and power (negative and positive) increased, particularly hip abduction torque and power. Therefore, in bounding initiated from the standing posture, ankle and knee joint kinetics from the sagittal plane and 3dimensional hip joint kinetics increased, particularly on hip adduction-abduction axis
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