140 research outputs found

    Stable, High-Average-Power, Degenerate Optical Parametric Oscillator at 2.1 μm

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    We describe a degenerate 1.064-μm-pumped pulsed optical parametric oscillator based on MgO:PPLN in compact Littrow-grating cavity configuration, providing 2.7W of average power at 2.1μm with high spectral and power stability in good spatial beam quality.Peer ReviewedPostprint (author's final draft

    Atomically phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a 2D crystal.

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    Second-harmonic generation (SHG) has found extensive applications from hand-held laser pointers to spectroscopic and microscopic techniques. Recently, some cleavable van der Waals (vdW) crystals have shown SHG arising from a single atomic layer, where the SH light elucidated important information such as the grain boundaries and electronic structure in these ultra-thin materials. However, despite the inversion asymmetry of the single layer, the typical crystal stacking restores inversion symmetry for even numbers of layers leading to an oscillatory SH response, drastically reducing the applicability of vdW crystals such as molybdenum disulfide (MoS2). Here, we probe the SHG generated from the noncentrosymmetric 3R crystal phase of MoS2. We experimentally observed quadratic dependence of second-harmonic intensity on layer number as a result of atomically phase-matched nonlinear dipoles in layers of the 3R crystal that constructively interfere. By studying the layer evolution of the A and B excitonic transitions in 3R-MoS2 using SHG spectroscopy, we also found distinct electronic structure differences arising from the crystal structure and the dramatic effect of symmetry and layer stacking on the nonlinear properties of these atomic crystals. The constructive nature of the SHG in this 2D crystal provides a platform to reliably develop atomically flat and controllably thin nonlinear media

    Optical parametric generator based on orientation-patterned gallium phosphide

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    We report the first pulsed optical parametric generator based on Orientation-patterned Gallium Phosphide. The output is tunable from 1721-1850 nm (signal) and 2504-2787 nm (idler), providing a total output power of 18 mW.Peer ReviewedPostprint (author's final draft

    Singly-Resonant Optical Parametric Oscillator Based on Orientation-Patterned Gallium Phosphide

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    We report a pulsed singly-resonant optical parametric oscillator based on orientation-patterned gallium phosphide pumped by a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser. The mid-IR idler can be tuned across 2.8-3.1 μm with an average power of 20 mW.Peer ReviewedPostprint (author's final draft

    Optical parametric generation in orientation-patterned gallium phosphide

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    We report an optical parametric generator (OPG) based on the new nonlinear material, orientation-patterned gallium phosphide (OP-GaP). Pumped by a Q-switched nanosecond Nd:YAG laser at 1064 nm with 25 kHz pulse repetition rate, the OPG can be tuned across 1721–1850 nm in the signal and 2504–2787 nm in the idler. Using a 40-mm-long crystal in single-pass configuration, we have generated a total average output power of up to ∼18  mW∼18  mW, with ∼5  mW∼5  mW of idler power at 2670 nm, for 2 W of input pump power. The OPG exhibits a passive stability in total output power better than 0.87% rms over 1 h, at a crystal temperature of 120°C, compared to 0.14% rms for the input pump. The output signal pulses, recorded at 1769 nm, have duration of 5.9 ns for input pump pulses of 9 ns. Temperature-dependent loss measurements for the pump polarization along the [100] axis in the OP-GaP crystal have also been performed, for the first time, indicating a drop in transmission from 28.8% at 50°C to 19.4% at 160°C.Peer ReviewedPostprint (author's final draft

    Tunable high-average-power optical parametric oscillators near 2 μm

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    We report on the development of high-average-power nanosecond and picosecond laser sources tunable near 2 μm based on optical parametric oscillators (OPOs) pumped by solid-state Nd:YAG and Yb-fiber lasers at 1.064 μm. By exploiting 50-mm-long MgO-doped lithium niobate (MgO:PPLN) as the nonlinear crystal and operating the OPO in a near-degenerate doubly resonant configuration with intracavity wavelength selection elements, we have generated tunable high-average-power radiation across 1880–2451 nm in high spectral and spatial beam quality with excellent output stability. In nanosecond operation, pumping with a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser and using an intracavity prism for spectral control, we have generated more than 2 W of average power in pulses of 10 ns duration at 80 kHz repetition rate with narrow linewidth (<3 nm), with M2 < 2.8, and a passive power stability better than 2.2% rms over 1 h. In picosecond operation, pumping with a mode-locked Ybfiber laser and using a diffraction grating as the wavelength selection element, we have generated more than 5 W of average power in pulses of 20 ps at 80 MHz repetition rate with narrow bandwidth (∼2.5 nm), with M2 < 1.8 and a passive power stability better than 1.3% rms over 2 h. The demonstrated sources represent viable alternatives to Tm3 ∕Ho3 -doped solid-state and fiber lasers for the generation of high-power radiation in the ∼2 μm spectral range.Peer ReviewedPostprint (author's final draft

    DP-Image: Differential Privacy for Image Data in Feature Space

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    The excessive use of images in social networks, government databases, and industrial applications has posed great privacy risks and raised serious concerns from the public. Even though differential privacy (DP) is a widely accepted criterion that can provide a provable privacy guarantee, the application of DP on unstructured data such as images is not trivial due to the lack of a clear qualification on the meaningful difference between any two images. In this paper, for the first time, we introduce a novel notion of image-aware differential privacy, referred to as DP-image, that can protect user's personal information in images, from both human and AI adversaries. The DP-Image definition is formulated as an extended version of traditional differential privacy, considering the distance measurements between feature space vectors of images. Then we propose a mechanism to achieve DP-Image by adding noise to an image feature vector. Finally, we conduct experiments with a case study on face image privacy. Our results show that the proposed DP-Image method provides excellent DP protection on images, with a controllable distortion to faces

    Nanosecond difference-frequency-generation in orientation-patterned gallium phosphide

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    We report a tunable, single-pass, pulsed nanosecond difference-frequency generation (DFG) source based on the new semiconductor nonlinear material, orientation-patterned gallium phosphide (OP-GaP). The DFG source is realized by mixing the output signal of a nanosecond OPO tunable over 1723–1827 nm with the input pump pulses of the same OPO at 1064 nm in an OP-GaP crystal, resulting in tunable generation over 233 nm in the mid-infrared from 2548 to 2781 nm. Using a 40-mm-long crystal, we have produced ∼14  mW∼14  mW of average DFG output power at 2719 nm for a pump power of 5 W and signal power of 1 W at 80 kHz repetition rate. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first single-pass nanosecond DFG source based on OP-GaP. The DFG output beam has a TEM00TEM00 spatial mode profile and exhibits passive power stability better than 1.7% rms over 1.4 h at 2774 nm, compared to 1.6% and 0.1% rms for the signal and pump, respectively. The OP-GaP crystal is recorded to have a temperature acceptance bandwidth of 17.7°C.Peer ReviewedPostprint (author's final draft
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