30,682 research outputs found

    On Statistical Query Sampling and NMR Quantum Computing

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    We introduce a ``Statistical Query Sampling'' model, in which the goal of an algorithm is to produce an element in a hidden set SsubseteqbitnSsubseteqbit^n with reasonable probability. The algorithm gains information about SS through oracle calls (statistical queries), where the algorithm submits a query function g(cdot)g(cdot) and receives an approximation to PrxinS[g(x)=1]Pr_{x in S}[g(x)=1]. We show how this model is related to NMR quantum computing, in which only statistical properties of an ensemble of quantum systems can be measured, and in particular to the question of whether one can translate standard quantum algorithms to the NMR setting without putting all of their classical post-processing into the quantum system. Using Fourier analysis techniques developed in the related context of {em statistical query learning}, we prove a number of lower bounds (both information-theoretic and cryptographic) on the ability of algorithms to produces an xinSxin S, even when the set SS is fairly simple. These lower bounds point out a difficulty in efficiently applying NMR quantum computing to algorithms such as Shor's and Simon's algorithm that involve significant classical post-processing. We also explicitly relate the notion of statistical query sampling to that of statistical query learning. An extended abstract appeared in the 18th Aunnual IEEE Conference of Computational Complexity (CCC 2003), 2003. Keywords: statistical query, NMR quantum computing, lower boundComment: 17 pages, no figures. Appeared in 18th Aunnual IEEE Conference of Computational Complexity (CCC 2003

    Negatively Correlated Search

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    Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs) have been shown to be powerful tools for complex optimization problems, which are ubiquitous in both communication and big data analytics. This paper presents a new EA, namely Negatively Correlated Search (NCS), which maintains multiple individual search processes in parallel and models the search behaviors of individual search processes as probability distributions. NCS explicitly promotes negatively correlated search behaviors by encouraging differences among the probability distributions (search behaviors). By this means, individual search processes share information and cooperate with each other to search diverse regions of a search space, which makes NCS a promising method for non-convex optimization. The cooperation scheme of NCS could also be regarded as a novel diversity preservation scheme that, different from other existing schemes, directly promotes diversity at the level of search behaviors rather than merely trying to maintain diversity among candidate solutions. Empirical studies showed that NCS is competitive to well-established search methods in the sense that NCS achieved the best overall performance on 20 multimodal (non-convex) continuous optimization problems. The advantages of NCS over state-of-the-art approaches are also demonstrated with a case study on the synthesis of unequally spaced linear antenna arrays

    High-dimensional Black-box Optimization via Divide and Approximate Conquer

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    Divide and Conquer (DC) is conceptually well suited to high-dimensional optimization by decomposing a problem into multiple small-scale sub-problems. However, appealing performance can be seldom observed when the sub-problems are interdependent. This paper suggests that the major difficulty of tackling interdependent sub-problems lies in the precise evaluation of a partial solution (to a sub-problem), which can be overwhelmingly costly and thus makes sub-problems non-trivial to conquer. Thus, we propose an approximation approach, named Divide and Approximate Conquer (DAC), which reduces the cost of partial solution evaluation from exponential time to polynomial time. Meanwhile, the convergence to the global optimum (of the original problem) is still guaranteed. The effectiveness of DAC is demonstrated empirically on two sets of non-separable high-dimensional problems.Comment: 7 pages, 2 figures, conferenc
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