52 research outputs found

    A Multi-Objective Mission Planning Method for AUV Target Search

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    How an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) performs fully automated task allocation and achieves satisfactory mission planning effects during the search for potential threats deployed in an underwater space is the focus of the paper. First, the task assignment problem is defined as a traveling salesman problem (TSP) with specific and distinct starting and ending points. Two competitive and non-commensurable optimization goals, the total sailing distance and the turning angle generated by an AUV to completely traverse threat points in the planned order, are taken into account. The maneuverability limitations of an AUV, namely, minimum radius of a turn and speed, are also introduced as constraints. Then, an improved ant colony optimization (ACO) algorithm based on fuzzy logic and a dynamic pheromone volatilization rule is developed to solve the TSP. With the help of the fuzzy set, the ants that have moved along better paths are screened and the pheromone update is performed only on preferred paths so as to enhance pathfinding guidance in the early stage of the ACO algorithm. By using the dynamic pheromone volatilization rule, more volatile pheromones on preferred paths are produced as the number of iterations of the ACO algorithm increases, thus providing an effective way for the algorithm to escape from a local minimum in the later stage. Finally, comparative simulations are presented to illustrate the effectiveness and advantages of the proposed algorithm and the influence of critical parameters is also analyzed and demonstrated.National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) 52101347Foundations for young scientists' cultivation 7900000

    Underwater Environment SDAP Method Using Multi Single-Beam Sonars

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    A new autopilot system for unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV) using multi-single-beam sonars is proposed for environmental exploration. The proposed autopilot system is known as simultaneous detection and patrolling (SDAP), which addresses two fundamental challenges: autonomous guidance and control. Autonomous guidance, autonomous path planning, and target tracking are based on the desired reference path which is reconstructed from the sonar data collected from the environmental contour with the predefined safety distance. The reference path is first estimated by using a support vector clustering inertia method and then refined by BĂ©zier curves in order to satisfy the inertia property of the UUV. Differential geometry feedback linearization method is used to guide the vehicle entering into the predefined path while finite predictive stable inversion control algorithm is employed for autonomous target approaching. The experimental results from sea trials have demonstrated that the proposed system can provide satisfactory performance implying its great potential for future underwater exploration tasks

    Movement Control in Recovering UUV Based on Two-Stage Discrete T-S Fuzzy Model

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    A two-stage discrete T-S fuzzy model controller, which is formed by a motion controller and a dynamic controller connected in series, is presented to solve UUV (unmanned underwater vehicle) movement control problem for recovering. The motion controller is designed based on the uncertain T-S model and the concept of discrete fuzzy vector. The position error between UUV and moving platform as the input of the motion controller is converted into the speed commands of UUV at the next time. The dynamic controller design is based on the theory of fuzzy region model and a relaxed condition for Lyapunov stabilization function is derived in the form of linear matrix inequalities, which generate force and torque required to complete the recovery task. The feasibility and the efficiency of the proposed control scheme are illustrated through the simulations that UUV follows moving platform

    Dynamic Surface and Active Disturbance Rejection Control for Path Following of an Underactuated UUV

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    This paper addresses the problem of accurate path following control for an underactuated unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV) in the horizontal plane. For an underactuated UUV, the line-of-sight (LOS) guidance method is adopted to map 2D reference trajectory into a desired orientation, and through the tracking of heading to achieve path following, where the sideslip is introduced to modify the desired orientation. In this paper, we propose a method called dynamic surface and active disturbance rejection control (DS-ADRC) to solve the path following control problem. This controller can effectively avoid the phenomenon of explosion of terms in the conventional backstepping method, reduce the dependence on the UUV controller mathematical model, and enhance the antijamming ability. Simulation is carried out to verify the effectiveness of the proposed control method for an underactuated UUV. The results show that, even for this controller with disturbance, the cross-track error of UUV is gradually converged to zero and has some certain robustness

    Path Planning Method for UUV Homing and Docking in Movement Disorders Environment

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    Path planning method for unmanned underwater vehicles (UUV) homing and docking in movement disorders environment is proposed in this paper. Firstly, cost function is proposed for path planning. Then, a novel particle swarm optimization (NPSO) is proposed and applied to find the waypoint with minimum value of cost function. Then, a strategy for UUV enters into the mother vessel with a fixed angle being proposed. Finally, the test function is introduced to analyze the performance of NPSO and compare with basic particle swarm optimization (BPSO), inertia weight particle swarm optimization (LWPSO, EPSO), and time-varying acceleration coefficient (TVAC). It has turned out that, for unimodal functions, NPSO performed better searching accuracy and stability than other algorithms, and, for multimodal functions, the performance of NPSO is similar to TVAC. Then, the simulation of UUV path planning is presented, and it showed that, with the strategy proposed in this paper, UUV can dodge obstacles and threats, and search for the efficiency path

    Experimental Realization of an Extreme-Parameter Omnidirectional Cloak

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    An ideal transformation-based omnidirectional cloak always relies on metamaterials with extreme parameters, which were previously thought to be too difficult to realize. For such a reason, in previous experimental proposals of invisibility cloaks, the extreme parameters requirements are usually abandoned, leading to inherent scattering. Here, we report on the first experimental demonstration of an omnidirectional cloak that satisfies the extreme parameters requirement, which can hide objects in a homogenous background. Instead of using resonant metamaterials that usually involve unavoidable absorptive loss, the extreme parameters are achieved using a nonresonant metamaterial comprising arrays of subwavelength metallic channels manufactured with 3D metal printing technology. A high level transmission of electromagnetic wave propagating through the present omnidirectional cloak, as well as significant reduction of scattering field, is demonstrated both numerically and experimentally. Our work may also inspire experimental realizations of the other full-parameter omnidirectional optical devices such as concentrator, rotators, and optical illusion apparatuses

    A Real-Time Reaction Obstacle Avoidance Algorithm for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles in Unknown Environments

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    A novel real-time reaction obstacle avoidance algorithm (RRA) is proposed for autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) that must adapt to unknown complex terrains, based on forward looking sonar (FLS). To accomplish this algorithm, obstacle avoidance rules are planned, and the RRA processes are split into five steps Introduction only lists 4 so AUVs can rapidly respond to various environment obstacles. The largest polar angle algorithm (LPAA) is designed to change detected obstacle’s irregular outline into a convex polygon, which simplifies the obstacle avoidance process. A solution is designed to solve the trapping problem existing in U-shape obstacle avoidance by an outline memory algorithm. Finally, simulations in three unknown obstacle scenes are carried out to demonstrate the performance of this algorithm, where the obtained obstacle avoidance trajectories are safety, smooth and near-optimal

    Underwater Small Target Detection Based on YOLOX Combined with MobileViT and Double Coordinate Attention

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    The underwater imaging environment is complex, and the application of conventional target detection algorithms to the underwater environment has yet to provide satisfactory results. Therefore, underwater optical image target detection remains one of the most challenging tasks involved with neighborhood-based techniques in the field of computer vision. Small underwater targets, dispersion, and sources of distortion (such as sediment and particles) often render neighborhood-based techniques insufficient, as existing target detection algorithms primarily focus on improving detection accuracy and enhancing algorithm complexity and computing power. However, excessive extraction of deep-level features leads to the loss of small targets and decrease in detection accuracy. Moreover, most underwater optical image target detection is performed by underwater unmanned platforms, which have a high demand of algorithm lightweight requirements due to the limited computing power of the underwater unmanned platform with the mobile vision processing platform. In order to meet the lightweight requirements of the underwater unmanned platform without affecting the detection accuracy of the target, we propose an underwater target detection model based on mobile vision transformer (MobileViT) and YOLOX, and we design a new coordinate attention (CA) mechanism named a double CA (DCA) mechanism. This model utilizes MobileViT as the algorithm backbone network, improving the global feature extraction ability of the algorithm and reducing the amount of algorithm parameters. The double CA (DCA) mechanism can improve the extraction of shallow features as well as the detection accuracy, even for difficult targets, using a minimum of parameters. Research validated in the Underwater Robot Professional Contest 2020 (URPC2020) dataset revealed that this method has an average accuracy rate of 72.00%. In addition, YOLOX’s ability to compress the model parameters by 49.6% efficiently achieves a balance between underwater optical image detection accuracy and parameter quantity. Compared with the existing algorithm, the proposed algorithm can carry on the underwater unmanned platform better

    Consensus of Discrete Multiagent System with Various Time Delays and Environmental Disturbances

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    In this paper, the consensus problem of discrete multiagent systems with time varying sampling periods is studied. Firstly, with thorough analysis of various delays among agents, the control input of each agent is designed with consideration of sending delay and receiving delay. With construction of discrete dynamics of state error vector, it is proved by applying Halanay inequality that consensus of the system can be reached. Further, the definition of bounded consensus is proposed in the situation where environmental disturbances exist. In order to handle this problem, the Halanay inequality is extended into a more general one with boundedness property. Based on the new Halanay inequality obtained, the boundedness of consensus error is guaranteed. At last, simulation examples are presented to demonstrate the theoretical conclusions
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