648 research outputs found

    Gravitational Effects of Rotating Bodies

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    We study two type effects of gravitational field on mechanical gyroscopes (i.e. rotating extended bodies). The first depends on special relativity and equivalence principle. The second is related to the coupling (i.e. a new force) between the spins of mechanical gyroscopes, which would violate the equivalent principle. In order to give a theoretical prediction to the second we suggest a spin-spin coupling model for two mechanical gyroscopes. An upper limit on the coupling strength is then determined by using the observed perihelion precession of the planet's orbits in solar system. We also give predictions violating the equivalence principle for free-fall gyroscopes .Comment: LaTex, 6 page

    Holographic boiling and generalized thermodynamic description beyond local equilibrium

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    Tuning a very simple two-component holographic superfluid model, we can have a first order phase transition between two superfluid phases in the probe limit. Inspired by the potential landscape discussion, an intuitive physical picture for systems with first order phase transitions is provided. We stress that holography perfectly offers a generalized thermodynamic description of certain strongly coupled systems even out of local equilibrium, which enables us to carefully study domain wall structures of the system under first order phase transitions, either static or in real time dynamics. We numerically construct the 1D domain wall configuration and compute the surface tension of the domain wall from its generalized grand potential. We also numerically simulate the real time dynamics of a 2D bubble nucleation process (holographic boiling). The surface tension of the 1D domain wall nicely matches the final state of the 2D bubble nucleation process when the bubble radius is large enough

    Phase transitions in a holographic s+p model with backreaction

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    In a previous paper (arXiv:1309.2204, JHEP 1311 (2013) 087), we present a holographic s+p superconductor model with a scalar triplet charged under an SU(2) gauge field in the bulk. We also study the competition and coexistence of the s-wave and p-wave orders in the probe limit. In this work we continue to study the model by considering the full back-reaction The model shows a rich phase structure and various condensate behaviors such as the "n-type" and "u-type" ones, which are also known as reentrant phase transitions in condensed matter physics. The phase transitions to the p-wave phase or s+p coexisting phase become first order in strong back-reaction cases. In these first order phase transitions, the free energy curve always forms a swallow tail shape, in which the unstable s+p solution can also play an important role. The phase diagrams of this model are given in terms of the dimension of the scalar order and the temperature in the cases of eight different values of the back reaction parameter, which show that the region for the s+p coexisting phase is enlarged with a small or medium back reaction parameter, but is reduced in the strong back-reaction cases.Comment: 15 pages(two-column), 9 figure

    Generating Human-Centric Visual Cues for Human-Object Interaction Detection via Large Vision-Language Models

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    Human-object interaction (HOI) detection aims at detecting human-object pairs and predicting their interactions. However, the complexity of human behavior and the diverse contexts in which these interactions occur make it challenging. Intuitively, human-centric visual cues, such as the involved participants, the body language, and the surrounding environment, play crucial roles in shaping these interactions. These cues are particularly vital in interpreting unseen interactions. In this paper, we propose three prompts with VLM to generate human-centric visual cues within an image from multiple perspectives of humans. To capitalize on these rich Human-Centric Visual Cues, we propose a novel approach named HCVC for HOI detection. Particularly, we develop a transformer-based multimodal fusion module with multitower architecture to integrate visual cue features into the instance and interaction decoders. Our extensive experiments and analysis validate the efficacy of leveraging the generated human-centric visual cues for HOI detection. Notably, the experimental results indicate the superiority of the proposed model over the existing state-of-the-art methods on two widely used datasets

    Fast Hankel Transforms Algorithm Based on Kernel Function Interpolation with Exponential Functions

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    The Pravin method for Hankel transforms is based on the decomposition of kernel function with exponential function. The defect of such method is the difficulty in its parameters determination and lack of adaptability to kernel function especially using monotonically decreasing functions to approximate the convex ones. This thesis proposed an improved scheme by adding new base function in interpolation procedure. The improved method maintains the merit of Pravin method which can convert the Hankel integral to algebraic calculation. The simulation results reveal that the improved method has high precision, high efficiency, and good adaptability to kernel function. It can be applied to zero-order and first-order Hankel transforms

    The Calculation Method of Safety Degree and Its Application in Coal Mine Enterprises

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    In order to evaluate the situation of safety production of coal mine enterprises effectively, quantitative analysis is necessary and very important. Safety degree of coal mine enterprises based on the concept of safety degree is defined and the method of calculating quantitatively the safety degree is put forward. The validity of this method is verified by empirical research in view of micro‐ and macroanalyses. In view of micro analysis the safety degree is derived with the calculation method based on information of one coal mine. The safety degree of this coal mine went through rapid increase period, stable period, and slow increase period. Macroresearch results show that the situation of safety production of coal mine enterprises in China has significantly been improving and the level of safety degree also has been increasing year by year since 1979, the year when the policy of reform and opening began. The reasons are the advancement of technology, strengthening of safety management and education, increasing of safety investment, and perfection of policies, laws, and regulations. These achievements can provide quantitative method for assessing the status of coal mines

    Dynamical evolution of spinodal decomposition in holographic superfluids

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    We study the nonlinear dynamical evolution of spinodal decomposition in a first-order superfluid phase transition using a simple holographic model in the probe limit. We first confirm the linear stability analysis based on quasinormal modes and verify the existence of a critical length scale related to a gradient instability -- negative speed of sound squared -- of the superfluid sound mode, which is a consequence of a negative thermodynamic charge susceptibility. We present a comparison between our case and the standard Cahn-Hilliard equation for spinodal instability, in which a critical length scale can be also derived based on a diffusive instability. We then perform several numerical tests which include the nonlinear time evolution directly from an unstable state and fast quenches from a stable to an unstable state in the spinodal region. Our numerical results provide a real time description of spinodal decomposition and phase separation in one and two spatial dimensions. We reveal the existence of four different stages in the dynamical evolution, and characterize their main properties. Finally, we investigate the strength of dynamical heterogeneity using the spatial variance of the local chemical potential and we correlate the latter to other features of the dynamical evolution.Comment: 19 pages, 13 figure

    Diaqua­bis(2-methyl-1H-imidazol-3-ium-4,5-dicarboxyl­ato-κ2 O,O′)magnesium

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    The title compound, [Mg(C6H5N2O4)2(H2O)2], was prepared by reaction of Mg(NO3)2 and 2-methyl-1H-imidazole-4,5-dicarboxylic acid under hydro­thermal conditions. The MgII atom lies on an inversion centre and displays a distorted octa­hedral coordination geometry. An extended three-dimensional network of inter­molecular O—H⋯O and N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds stabilizes the crystal structure
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