2,297 research outputs found

    Renormalization group equations and integrability in Hamiltonian systems

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    We investigate Hamiltonian systems with two degrees of freedom by using renormalization group method. We show that the original Hamiltonian systems and the renormalization group equations are integrable if the renormalization group equations are Hamiltonian systems up to the second leading order of a small parameter.Comment: 7 pages, No figures, LaTeX (19 kb

    Black Objects in the Gauge Theory of P-Branes

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    Within the context of the recently formulated classical gauge theory of relativistic p-branes minimally coupled to general relativity in D-dimensional spacetimes, we obtain solutions of the field equations which describe black objects. Explicit solutions are found for two cases: D > p+1 (true p-branes) and D = p+1 (p-bags).Comment: 9 pages, REVTEX 3.

    Postmodern String Theory: Stochastic Formulation

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    In this paper we study the dynamics of a statistical ensemble of strings, building on a recently proposed gauge theory of the string geodesic field. We show that this stochastic approach is equivalent to the Carath\'eodory formulation of the Nambu-Goto action, supplemented by an averaging procedure over the family of classical string world-sheets which are solutions of the equation of motion. In this new framework, the string geodesic field is reinterpreted as the Gibbs current density associated with the string statistical ensemble. Next, we show that the classical field equations derived from the string gauge action, can be obtained as the semi-classical limit of the string functional wave equation. For closed strings, the wave equation itself is completely analogous to the Wheeler-DeWitt equation used in quantum cosmology. Thus, in the string case, the wave function has support on the space of all possible spatial loop configurations. Finally, we show that the string distribution induces a multi-phase, or {\it cellular} structure on the spacetime manifold characterized by domains with a purely Riemannian geometry separated by domain walls over which there exists a predominantly Weyl geometry.Comment: 24pages, ReVTe

    The back reaction and the effective Einstein's equation for the Universe with ideal fluid cosmological perturbations

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    We investigate the back reaction of cosmological perturbations on the evolution of the Universe using the renormalization group method. Starting from the second order perturbed Einstein's equation, we renormalize a scale factor of the Universe and derive the evolution equation for the effective scale factor which includes back reaction due to inhomogeneities of the Universe. The resulting equation has the same form as the standard Friedman-Robertson-Walker equation with the effective energy density and pressure which represent the back reaction effect.Comment: 16 pages, to appear in Phys. Rev.

    The Planck Scale from Top Condensation

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    We propose a scenario in which the Planck scale is dynamically linked to the electroweak scale induced by top condensation. The standard model field content, without the Higgs, is promoted to a 5D warped background. There is also an additional 5D fermion with the quantum numbers of the right-handed top. Localization of the zero-modes leads, at low energies, to a Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model that also stabilizes the radion field dynamically thus explaining the hierarchy between the Planck scale and v_EW = 174 GeV. The top mass arises dynamically from the electroweak breaking condensate. The other standard model fermion masses arise naturally from higher-dimension operators, and the fermion mass hierarchies and flavor structure can be explained from the localization of the zero-modes in the extra dimension. If any other contributions to the radion potential except those directly related with electroweak symmetry breaking are engineered to be suppressed, the KK scale is predicted to be about two orders of magnitude above the electroweak scale rendering the model easily consistent with electroweak precision data. The model predicts a heavy (composite) Higgs with a mass of about 500 GeV and standard-model-like properties, and a vector-like quark with non-negligible mixing with the top quark and mass in the 1.6 - 2.9 TeV range. Both can be within the reach of the LHC. It also predicts a radion with a mass of a few GeV that is very weakly coupled to standard model matter.Comment: 41 pages, 7 figures; added references, minor changes in the electroweak precision constraints section; final version in PR
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