184,336 research outputs found

    Can cold quark matter be solid?

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    The state of cold quark matter really challenges both astrophysicists and particle physicists, even many-body physicists. It is conventionally suggested that BCS-like color superconductivity occurs in cold quark matter; however, other scenarios with a ground state rather than of Fermi gas could still be possible. It is addressed that quarks are dressed and clustering in cold quark matter at realistic baryon densities of compact stars, since a weakly coupling treatment of the interaction between constituent quarks would not be reliable. Cold quark matter is conjectured to be in a solid state if thermal kinematic energy is much lower than the interaction energy of quark clusters, and such a state could be relevant to different manifestations of pulsar-like compact stars.Comment: Proceedings of IWARA2009 (IJMP D

    Solid Quark Stars?

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    It is conjectured that cold quark matter with much high baryon density could be in a solid state, and strange stars with low temperatures should thus be solid stars. The speculation could be close to the truth if no peculiar polarization of thermal X-ray emission (in, e.g., RXJ1856), or no gravitational wave in post-glitch phases, is detected in future advanced facilities, or if spin frequencies beyond the critical ones limited by r-mode instability are discovered. The shear modulus of solid quark matter could be ~ 10^{32} erg/cm^3 if the kHz QPOs observed are relevant to the eigenvalues of the center star oscillations.Comment: Revised significantly, ApJL accepted, or at http://vega.bac.pku.edu.cn/~rxxu/publications/index_P.ht

    Instability development of a viscous liquid drop impacting a smooth substrate

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    We study the instability development during a viscous liquid drop impacting a smooth substrate, using high speed photography. The onset time of the instability highly depends on the surrounding air pressure and the liquid viscosity: it decreases with air pressure with the power of minus two, and increases linearly with the liquid viscosity. From the real-time dynamics measurements, we construct a model which compares the destabilizing stress from air with the stabilizing stress from liquid viscosity. Under this model, our experimental results indicate that at the instability onset time, the two stresses balance each other. This model also illustrates the different mechanisms for the inviscid and viscous regimes previously observed: the inviscid regime is stabilized by the surface tension and the viscous regime is stabilized by the liquid viscosity.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figure

    On the rigidity theorems for Lagrangian translating solitons in pseudo-Euclidean space II

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    Let uu be a smooth convex function in Rn\mathbb{R}^{n} and the graph Mβˆ‡uM_{\nabla u} of βˆ‡u\nabla u be a space-like translating soliton in pseudo-Euclidean space Rn2n\mathbb{R}^{2n}_{n} with a translating vector 1n(a1,a2,⋯ ,an;b1,b2,⋯ ,bn)\frac{1}{n}(a_{1}, a_{2}, \cdots, a_{n}; b_{1}, b_{2}, \cdots, b_{n}), then the function uu satisfies det⁑D2u=exp⁑{βˆ‘i=1nβˆ’aiβˆ‚uβˆ‚xi+βˆ‘i=1nbixi+c}onRn \det D^{2}u=\exp \left\{ \sum_{i=1}^n- a_i\frac{\partial u}{\partial x_{i}} +\sum_{i=1}^n b_ix_i+c\right\} \qquad \hbox{on}\qquad\mathbb R^n where aia_i, bib_i and cc are constants. The Bernstein type results are obtained in the course of the arguments.Comment: 9 page

    Observations of Cygnus X-1 in the MeV band by the INTEGRAL imager

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    The spectrum of the MeV tail detected in the black-hole candidate Cygnus X-1 remains controversial as it appeared much harder when observed with the INTEGRAL Imager IBIS than with the INTEGRAL spectrometer SPI or CGRO. We present an independent analysis of the spectra of Cygnus X-1 observed by IBIS in the hard and soft states. We developed a new analysis software for the PICsIT detector layer and for the Compton mode data of the IBIS instrument and calibrated the idiosyncrasies of the PICsIT front-end electronics. The spectra of Cygnus X-1 obtained for the hard and soft states with the INTEGRAL imager IBIS are compatible with those obtained with the INTEGRAL spectrometer SPI, with CGRO, and with the models that attribute the MeV hard tail either to hybrid thermal/non-thermal Comptonisation or to synchrotron emission.Comment: 6 pages, 7 figure

    Can the age discrepancies of neutron stars be circumvented by an accretion-assisted torque?

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    It is found that 1E 1207.4-5209 could be a low-mass bare strange star if its small radius or low altitude cyclotron formation can be identified. The age problems of five sources could be solved by a fossil-disk-assisted torque. The magnetic dipole radiation dominates the evolution of PSR B1757-24 at present, and the others are in propeller (or tracking) phases.Comment: ApJL accepted, or at http://vega.bac.pku.edu.cn/~rxxu/publications/index_P.ht
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