25,372 research outputs found

    Compressibility of Interacting Electrons in Bilayer Graphene

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    Using the renormalized-ring-diagram approximation, we study the compressibility of the interacting electrons in bilayer graphene. The compressibility is equivalent to the spin susceptibility apart from a constant factor. The chemical potential and the compressibility of the electrons can be significantly altered by an energy gap (tunable by external gate voltages) between the valence and conduction bands. For zero gap and a typical finite gap in the experiments, we show both systems are stable.Comment: 5 pages, 6 figure

    Absence of broken inversion symmetry phase of electrons in bilayer graphene under charge density fluctuations

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    On a lattice model, we study the possibility of existence of gapped broken inversion symmetry phase (GBISP) of electrons with long-range Coulomb interaction in bilayer graphene using both self-consistent Hartree-Fock approximation (SCHFA) and the renormalized-ring-diagram approximation (RRDA). RRDA takes into account the charge-density fluctuations beyond the mean field. While GBISP at low temperature and low carrier concentration is predicted by SCHFA, we show here the state can be destroyed by the charge-density fluctuations. We also present a numerical algorithm for calculating the self-energy of electrons with the singular long-range Coulomb interaction on the lattice model.Comment: 8 pages, 6 figure

    Image and Volume Segmentation by Water Flow

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    A general framework for image segmentation is presented in this paper, based on the paradigm of water flow. The major water flow attributes like water pressure, surface tension and capillary force are defined in the context of force field generation and make the model adaptable to topological and geometrical changes. A flow-stopping image functional combining edge- and region-based forces is introduced to produce capability for both range and accuracy. The method is assessed qualitatively and quantitatively on synthetic and natural images. It is shown that the new approach can segment objects with complex shapes or weak-contrasted boundaries, and has good immunity to noise. The operator is also extended to 3-D, and is successfully applied to medical volume segmentation

    Study of two-dimensional electron systems in the renormalized-ring-diagram approximation

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    With a super-high-efficient numerical algorithm, we are able to self-consistently calculate the Green's function in the renormalized-ring-diagram approximation for a two-dimensional electron system with long-range Coulomb interactions. The obtained ground-state energy is found to be in excellent agreement with that of the Monte Carlo simulation. The numerical results of the self-energy, the effective mass, the distribution function, and the renormalization factor of the Green's function for the coupling constants in the range 0≀rs≀300 \le r_s \le 30 are also presented.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figure
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