16,456 research outputs found

    Tunable Balun Low-Noise Amplifier in 65nm CMOS Technology

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    The presented paper includes the design and implementation of a 65 nm CMOS low-noise amplifier (LNA) based on inductive source degeneration. The amplifier is realized with an active balun enabling a single-ended input which is an important requirement for low-cost system on chip implementations. The LNA has a tunable bandpass characteristics from 4.7 GHz up to 5.6 GHz and a continuously tunable gain from 22 dB down to 0 dB, which enables the required flexibility for multi-standard, multi-band receiver architectures. The gain and band tuning is realized with an optimized tunable active resistor in parallel to a tunable L-C tank amplifier load. The amplifier achieves an IIP3 linearity of -8dBm and a noise figure of 2.7 dB at the highest gain and frequency setting with a low power consumption of 10 mW. The high flexibility of the proposed LNA structure together with the overall good performance makes it well suited for future multi-standard low-cost receiver front-ends

    Automatic facial expression tracking for 4D range scans

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    This paper presents a fully automatic approach of spatio-temporal facial expression tracking for 4D range scans without any manual interventions (such as specifying landmarks). The approach consists of three steps: rigid registration, facial model reconstruction, and facial expression tracking. A Scaling Iterative Closest Points (SICP) algorithm is introduced to compute the optimal rigid registration between a template facial model and a range scan with consideration of the scale problem. A deformable model, physically based on thin shells, is proposed to faithfully reconstruct the facial surface and texture from that range data. And then the reconstructed facial model is used to track facial expressions presented in a sequence of range scans by the deformable model

    Comment on "Time-Dependent Density-Matrix Renormalization Group: A Systematic Method for the Study of Quantum Many-Body Out-of- Equilibrium Systems"

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    In a recent Letter [Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 256403(2002), cond-mat/0109158] Cazalilla and Marston proposed a time-dependent density- matrix renormalization group (TdDMRG) algorithm for the accurate evaluation of out-of-equilibrium properties of quantum many-body systems. For a point contact junction between two Luttinger liquids, a current oscillation develops after initial transient in the insulating regime. Here we would like to point out that (a) the observed oscillation is an artifact of the method; (b) the TdDMRG can be significantly improved by incorporating the non-equilibrium evolution of the goundstate into the density matrix.Comment: 1 page, 2 figure