20,085 research outputs found

    Density Functional Theory Characterization of the Multiferroicity in Spin Spiral Chain Cuprates

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    The ferroelectricity of the spiral magnets LiCu2O2 and LiCuVO4 was examined by calculating the electric polarizations of their spin spiral states on the basis of density functional theory with spin-orbit coupling. Our work unambiguously reveals that spin-orbit coupling is responsible for the ferroelectricity with the primary contribution from the spin-orbit coupling on the Cu sites, but the asymmetric density distribution responsible for the electric polarization occurs mainly around the O atoms. The electric polarization is calculated to be much greater for the ab- than for the bc-plane spin spiral. The observed spin-spiral plane is found to be consistent with the observed direction of the electric polarization for LiCuVO4, but inconsistent for LiCu2O2.Comment: Phys. Rev. Lett., in prin

    Enhanced Ferromagnetic Stability in Cu Doped Passivated GaN Nanowires

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    Density functional calculations are performed to investigate the room temperature ferromagnetism in GaN:Cu nanowires (NWs). Our results indicate that two Cu dopants are most stable when they are near each other. Compared to bulk GaN:Cu, we find that magnetization and ferromagnetism in Cu doped NWs is strongly enhanced because the band width of the Cu td band is reduced due to the 1D nature of the NW. The surface passivation is shown to be crucial to sustain the ferromagnetism in GaN:Cu NWs. These findings are in good agreement with experimental observations and indicate that ferromagnetism in this type of systems can be tuned by controlling the size or shape of the host materials.Comment: Nano Lett., ASAP Article, 10.1021/nl080261

    Room-Temperature Ferrimagnet with Frustrated Antiferroelectricity: Promising Candidate Toward Multiple State Memory

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    On the basis of first-principles calculations we show that the M-type hexaferrite BaFe12O19 exhibits frustrated antiferroelectricity associated with its trigonal bipyramidal Fe3+ sites. The ferroelectric (FE) state of BaFe12O19, reachable by applying an external electric field to the antiferroelectric (AFE) state, can be made stable at room temperature by appropriate element substitution or strain engineering. Thus M-type hexaferrite, as a new type of multiferoic with coexistence of antiferroelectricity and ferrimagnetism, provide a basis for studying the phenomenon of frustrated antiferroelectricity and realizing multiple state memory devices.Comment: supporting material available via email. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:1210.7116 by other author

    Cooperative Effect of Electron Correlation and Spin-Orbit Coupling on the Electronic and Magnetic Properties of Ba2NaOsO6

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    The electronic and magnetic properties of the cubic double perovskite Ba2NaOsO6 were examined by performing first-principles density functional theory calculations and analyzing spin-orbit coupled states of an Os7+ (d1) ion at an octahedral crystal field. The insulating behavior of Ba2NaOsO6 was shown to originate from a cooperative effect of electron correlation and spin-orbit coupling. This cooperative effect is responsible not only for the absence of orbital ordering in Ba2 NaOsO6 but also for a small magnetic moment and a weak magnetic anisotropy in Ba2NaOsO6