20,193 research outputs found

    Partition Information and its Transmission over Boolean Multi-Access Channels

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    In this paper, we propose a novel partition reservation system to study the partition information and its transmission over a noise-free Boolean multi-access channel. The objective of transmission is not message restoration, but to partition active users into distinct groups so that they can, subsequently, transmit their messages without collision. We first calculate (by mutual information) the amount of information needed for the partitioning without channel effects, and then propose two different coding schemes to obtain achievable transmission rates over the channel. The first one is the brute force method, where the codebook design is based on centralized source coding; the second method uses random coding where the codebook is generated randomly and optimal Bayesian decoding is employed to reconstruct the partition. Both methods shed light on the internal structure of the partition problem. A novel hypergraph formulation is proposed for the random coding scheme, which intuitively describes the information in terms of a strong coloring of a hypergraph induced by a sequence of channel operations and interactions between active users. An extended Fibonacci structure is found for a simple, but non-trivial, case with two active users. A comparison between these methods and group testing is conducted to demonstrate the uniqueness of our problem.Comment: Submitted to IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, major revisio

    On the Linear Convergence of the ADMM in Decentralized Consensus Optimization

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    In decentralized consensus optimization, a connected network of agents collaboratively minimize the sum of their local objective functions over a common decision variable, where their information exchange is restricted between the neighbors. To this end, one can first obtain a problem reformulation and then apply the alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM). The method applies iterative computation at the individual agents and information exchange between the neighbors. This approach has been observed to converge quickly and deemed powerful. This paper establishes its linear convergence rate for decentralized consensus optimization problem with strongly convex local objective functions. The theoretical convergence rate is explicitly given in terms of the network topology, the properties of local objective functions, and the algorithm parameter. This result is not only a performance guarantee but also a guideline toward accelerating the ADMM convergence.Comment: 11 figures, IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, 201

    Asymptotic Error Free Partitioning over Noisy Boolean Multiaccess Channels

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    In this paper, we consider the problem of partitioning active users in a manner that facilitates multi-access without collision. The setting is of a noisy, synchronous, Boolean, multi-access channel where KK active users (out of a total of NN users) seek to access. A solution to the partition problem places each of the NN users in one of KK groups (or blocks) such that no two active nodes are in the same block. We consider a simple, but non-trivial and illustrative case of K=2K=2 active users and study the number of steps TT used to solve the partition problem. By random coding and a suboptimal decoding scheme, we show that for any T(C1+ξ1)logNT\geq (C_1 +\xi_1)\log N, where C1C_1 and ξ1\xi_1 are positive constants (independent of NN), and ξ1\xi_1 can be arbitrary small, the partition problem can be solved with error probability Pe(N)0P_e^{(N)} \to 0, for large NN. Under the same scheme, we also bound TT from the other direction, establishing that, for any T(C2ξ2)logNT \leq (C_2 - \xi_2) \log N, the error probability Pe(N)1P_e^{(N)} \to 1 for large NN; again C2C_2 and ξ2\xi_2 are constants and ξ2\xi_2 can be arbitrarily small. These bounds on the number of steps are lower than the tight achievable lower-bound in terms of T(Cg+ξ)logNT \geq (C_g +\xi)\log N for group testing (in which all active users are identified, rather than just partitioned). Thus, partitioning may prove to be a more efficient approach for multi-access than group testing.Comment: This paper was submitted in June 2014 to IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, and is under review no

    Orientation and Motion of Water Molecules at Air/Water Interface

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    Analysis of SFG vibrational spectra of OH stretching bands in four experimental configurations shows that orientational motion of water molecule at air/water interface is libratory within a limited angular range. This picture is significantly different from the previous conclusion that the interfacial water molecule orientation varies over a broad range within the vibrational relaxation time, the only direct experimental evidence for ultrafast and broad orientational motion of a liquid interface by Wei et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4799, (2001)] using single SFG experimental configuration