2,109 research outputs found

    Determining Gravitational Masses of Galaxy Clusters With (1)Virial Equilibrium And (2)Arc-like Images

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    The mass derived from gravitational lensing reflects the total mass contained in the lensing system, independent of the specific matter contents and states. A comparison of the dynamical masses from hydrostatic equilibrium with the gravitational masses from arc-like images of background galaxies is made for four clusters of galaxies at intermediate redshits. It is found that virial analysis has underestimated the total cluster masses (from lensing) by a factor of 363\sim6 within a radius of 0.3\sim0.3 Mpc h501h_{50}^{-1} around the cluster centers, indicating that clusters of galaxies might not be regarded as the well relaxed virialized systems. The increase of the total cluster masses obtained from lensing leads to the decrease of the baryon fractions of clusters of galaxies, which provides a crue for solving the ``Ω0\Omega_0 disprepancy puzzle" in cosmology.Comment: 11 pages plus 1 Table. LATEX style, submitted to ApJ, BAO-BGGC-940

    Gravitational Microlensing by the MACHOs of the LMC

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    The expected microlensing events of the LMC by the MACHOs of the LMC itself are calculated and compared with analogue events by objects in the Galactic halo. The LMC matter distribution is modelled by a spherical halo and an exponential disk while a face-on exponential disk is used for the stellar distribution of the LMC. Among the microlensing events discovered by the MACHOs and EROS projects, a fraction of 22%22\% could be caused by the lenses near the center of the LMC or 13%13\% from lenses at 5o5^o from the LMC center. Therefore, any statistical study of these microlensing events must take the LMC lenses into account.Comment: 12 pages, 6 figures (not included) by fax, ApJ submitted, DAEC-OPM-9