60 research outputs found

    STUDY OF ELECTRON ANTI-NEUTRINOS ASSOCIATED WITH GAMMA-RAY BURSTS USING KamLAND

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    We search for electron anti-neutrinos ([bar over ν][subscript e]) from long- and short-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) using data taken by the Kamioka Liquid Scintillator Anti-Neutrino Detector (KamLAND) from 2002 August to 2013 June. No statistically significant excess over the background level is found. We place the tightest upper limits on [bar over ν][subscript e] fluence from GRBs below 7 MeV and place first constraints on the relation between [bar over ν][subscript e] luminosity and effective temperature

    Report of the Topical Group on Wave Dark Matter for Snowmass 2021

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    There is a strong possibility that the particles making up the dark matter in the Universe have a mass below 1 eV and in many important situations exhibit a wave-like behavior. Amongst the candidates the axion stands out as particularly well motivated but other possibilities such as axion-like particles, light scalars and light vectors, should be seriously investigated with both experiments and theory. Discovery of any of these dark matter particles would be revolutionary. The wave-like nature opens special opportunities to gain precise information on the particle properties a well as astrophysical information on dark matter shortly after a first detection. To achieve these goals requires continued strong support for the next generations of axion experiments to probe significant axion parameter space this decade and to realize the vision of a definitive axion search program in the next 20 years. This needs to be complemented by strong and flexible support for a broad range of smaller experiments, sensitive to the full variety of wave-like dark matter candidates. These have their own discovery potential but can also be the test bed for future larger scale searches. Strong technological support not only allows for the optimal realization of the current and near future experiments but new technologies such as quantum measurement and control can also provide the next evolutionary jump enabling a broader and deeper sensitivity. Finally, a theory effort ranging from fundamental model building over investigating phenomenological constraints to the conception of new experimental techniques is a cornerstone of the current rapid developments in the search for wave-like dark matter and should be strengthened to have a solid foundation for the future.Comment: First arXiv version for community feedbac

    A SEARCH FOR ELECTRON ANTINEUTRINOS ASSOCIATED WITH GRAVITATIONAL-WAVE EVENTS GW150914 AND GW151226 USING KAMLAND

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    We present a search, using KamLAND, a kiloton-scale anti-neutrino detector, for low-energy anti-neutrino events that were coincident with the gravitational-wave (GW) events GW150914 and GW151226, and the candidate event LVT151012. We find no inverse beta-decay neutrino events within ±500 s of either GW signal. This non-detection is used to constrain the electron anti-neutrino fluence and the total integrated luminosity of the astrophysical sources.United States. Department of Energy (Grant DE-FG03-00ER41138)United States. Department of Energy (Grant DE-AC02- 05CH11231)United States. Department of Energy (Grant DE-FG02-01ER41166

    Light Yield of Perovskite Nanocrystal-Doped Liquid Scintillator

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    Future generations of liquid scintillator neutrino experiments will require stably loading tons of candidate isotopes into kiloton-scale detectors, representing a significant chemical challenge. Nanoparticles containing the candidate isotopes provide a promising method for this loading. Additionally, the unique optical properties of nanoparticles can enhance detection and background discrimination. Perovskite nanocrystals are particularly attractive due to the reliability of their crystal structure and their easily-scalable synthesis. We present here the first study of lead-based perovskite nanocrystals for this application.Comment: 14 pages, 10 figures, submitted for publication in JINST. arXiv admin note: substantial text overlap with arXiv:1807.0663

    The search for low-mass axion dark matter with ABRACADABRA-10cm

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    Two of the most pressing questions in physics are the microscopic nature of the dark matter that comprises 84% of the mass in the universe and the absence of a neutron electric dipole moment. These questions would be resolved by the existence of a hypothetical particle known as the quantum chromodynamics (QCD) axion. In this work, we probe the hypothesis that axions constitute dark matter, using the ABRACADABRA-10cm experiment in a broadband configuration, with world-leading sensitivity. We find no significant evidence for axions, and we present 95% upper limits on the axion-photon coupling down to the world-leading level gaγγ<3.2×1011g_{a\gamma\gamma}<3.2 \times10^{-11} GeV1^{-1}, representing one of the most sensitive searches for axions in the 0.41 - 8.27 neV mass range. Our work paves a direct path for future experiments capable of confirming or excluding the hypothesis that dark matter is a QCD axion in the mass range motivated by String Theory and Grand Unified Theories.Comment: 17 pages, 12 figure

    Design and Implementation of the ABRACADABRA-10 cm Axion Dark Matter Search

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    The past few years have seen a renewed interest in the search for light particle dark matter. ABRACADABRA is a new experimental program to search for axion dark matter over a broad range of masses, 1012ma10610^{-12}\lesssim m_a\lesssim10^{-6} eV. ABRACADABRA-10 cm is a small-scale prototype for a future detector that could be sensitive to QCD axion couplings. In this paper, we present the details of the design, construction, and data analysis for the first axion dark matter search with the ABRACADABRA-10 cm detector. We include a detailed discussion of the statistical techniques used to extract the limit from the first result with an emphasis on creating a robust statistical footing for interpreting those limits.Comment: 12 pages, 8 figure

    Snowmass 2021 Cross Frontier Report: Dark Matter Complementarity (Extended Version)

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    The fundamental nature of Dark Matter is a central theme of the Snowmass 2021 process, extending across all frontiers. In the last decade, advances in detector technology, analysis techniques and theoretical modeling have enabled a new generation of experiments and searches while broadening the types of candidates we can pursue. Over the next decade, there is great potential for discoveries that would transform our understanding of dark matter. In the following, we outline a road map for discovery developed in collaboration among the frontiers. A strong portfolio of experiments that delves deep, searches wide, and harnesses the complementarity between techniques is key to tackling this complicated problem, requiring expertise, results, and planning from all Frontiers of the Snowmass 2021 process.Comment: v1 is first draft for community commen

    US Cosmic Visions: New Ideas in Dark Matter 2017: Community Report

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    This white paper summarizes the workshop "U.S. Cosmic Visions: New Ideas in Dark Matter" held at University of Maryland on March 23-25, 2017.Comment: 102 pages + reference
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