1,368 research outputs found

    Women, Re-entry and Everyday Life: Time to Work?

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    This study focuses on women at various stages of re-entry into the community after involvement with the criminal justice system. In particular, it takes a close look at how the participants in the study manage their time in the face of the types of competing demands that are all too common to most people

    Molecular analysis of intragenic recombination at the tryptophan synthetase locus in Neurospora crassa

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    Fifteen different classically generated and mapped mutations at the tryptophan synthetase locus in Neurospora crassa have been characterized to the level of the primary sequence of the gene. This sequence analysis has demonstrated that intragenic recombination is accurate to order mutations within one open reading frame. While classic genetic analysis correctly ordered the mutations, the position of mutations characterized by gene sequence analysis was more accurate. A leaky mutation was found to have a wild-type primary sequence. The presence of unique polymorphisms in the primary sequence of the trp-3 gene from strain 861 confirms that it has a unique history relative to the other strains studied. Most strains that were previously shown to be immunologically nonreactive with antibody preparations raised against tryptophan synthetase protein were shown to have nonsense mutations. This work defines 14 alleles of the N. crassa trp-3 gene.Citation: "Molecular analysis of intragenic recombination at the tryptophan synthetase locus in Neurospora crassa" (December 2013) A. Wiest D. Barchers M. Eaton R. Henderson R. Schnittker K. Mccluskey. Journal of Genetics, Indian Academy of Science. Volume 92 Issue 3. 523-528.Citation: Wiest, A., . . . & McCluskey, K. (2013). Molecular analysis of intragenic recombination at the tryptophan synthetase locus in Neurospora crassa. Journal of Genetics, 92(1), 523‚Äď528. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/s12041-013-0305-

    Ordinal patterns in epileptic brains: Analysis of intracranial EEG and simultaneous EEG-fMRI

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    Epileptic seizures are associated with high behavioral stereotypy of the patients. In the EEG of epilepsy patients characteristic signal patterns can be found during and between seizures. Here we use ordinal patterns to analyze EEGs of epilepsy patients and quantify the degree of signal determinism. Besides relative signal redundancy and the fraction of forbidden patterns we introduce the fraction of under-represented patterns as a new measure. Using the logistic map, parameter scans are performed to explore the sensitivity of the measures to signal determinism. Thereafter, application is made to two types of EEGs recorded in two epilepsy patients. Intracranial EEG shows pronounced determinism peaks during seizures. Finally, we demonstrate that ordinal patterns may be useful for improving analysis of non-invasive simultaneous EEG-fMR

    Prospective navigator-echo-based real-time triggering of fetal head movement for the reduction of artifacts

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    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the neuroimaging quality and accuracy of prospective real-time navigator-echo acquisition correction versus untriggered intrauterine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques. Twenty women in whom fetal motion artifacts compromised the neuroimaging quality of fetal MRI taken during the 28.7‚ÄȬĪ‚ÄČ4week of pregnancy below diagnostic levels were additionally investigated using a navigator-triggered half-Fourier acquired single-shot turbo-spin echo (HASTE) sequence. Imaging quality was evaluated by two blinded readers applying a rating scale from 1 (not diagnostic) to 5 (excellent). Diagnostic criteria included depiction of the germinal matrix, grey and white matter, CSF, brain stem and cerebellum. Signal-difference-to-noise ratios (SDNRs) in the white matter and germinal zone were quantitatively evaluated. Imaging quality improved in 18/20 patients using the navigator echo technique (2.4‚ÄȬĪ‚ÄČ0.58 vs. 3.65‚ÄȬĪ‚ÄČ0.73 SD, p‚ÄČ<‚ÄČ0.01 for all evaluation criteria). In 2/20 patients fetal movement severely impaired image quality in conventional and navigated HASTE. Navigator-echo imaging revealed additional structural brain abnormalities and confirmed diagnosis in 8/20 patients. The accuracy improved from 50% to 90%. Average SDNR increased from 0.7‚ÄȬĪ‚ÄČ7.27 to 19.83‚ÄȬĪ‚ÄČ15.71 (p‚ÄČ<‚ÄČ0.01). Navigator-echo-based real-time triggering of fetal head movement is a reliable technique that can deliver diagnostic fetal MR image quality despite vigorous fetal movemen

    Cirrhosis-associated immune dysfunction

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    The term cirrhosis-associated immune dysfunction (CAID) comprises the distinctive spectrum of immune alterations associated with the course of end-stage liver disease. Systemic inflammation and immune deficiency are the key components of CAID. Their severity is highly dynamic and progressive, paralleling cirrhosis stage. CAID involves two different immune phenotypes: the low-grade systemic inflammatory phenotype and the high-grade systemic inflammatory phenotype. The low-grade systemic inflammatory phenotype can be found in patients with compensated disease or clinical decompensation with no organ failure. In this phenotype, there is an exaggerated immune activation but the effector response is not markedly compromised. The high-grade systemic inflammatory phenotype is present in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure, a clinical situation characterized by decompensation, organ failure and high short-term mortality. Along with high-grade inflammation, this CAID phenotype includes intense immune paralysis that critically increases the risk of infections and worsens prognosis. The intensity of CAID has important consequences on cirrhosis progression and correlates with the severity of liver insufficiency, bacterial translocation and organ failure. Therapies targeting the modulation of the dysfunctional immune response are currently being evaluated in preclinical and clinical studies

    Dual-Stream Pyramid Registration Network

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    We propose a Dual-Stream Pyramid Registration Network (referred as Dual-PRNet) for unsupervised 3D medical image registration. Unlike recent CNN-based registration approaches, such as VoxelMorph, which explores a single-stream encoder-decoder network to compute a registration fields from a pair of 3D volumes, we design a two-stream architecture able to compute multi-scale registration fields from convolutional feature pyramids. Our contributions are two-fold: (i) we design a two-stream 3D encoder-decoder network which computes two convolutional feature pyramids separately for a pair of input volumes, resulting in strong deep representations that are meaningful for deformation estimation; (ii) we propose a pyramid registration module able to predict multi-scale registration fields directly from the decoding feature pyramids. This allows it to refine the registration fields gradually in a coarse-to-fine manner via sequential warping, and enable the model with the capability for handling significant deformations between two volumes, such as large displacements in spatial domain or slice space. The proposed Dual-PRNet is evaluated on two standard benchmarks for brain MRI registration, where it outperforms the state-of-the-art approaches by a large margin, e.g., having improvements over recent VoxelMorph [2] with 0.683->0.778 on the LPBA40, and 0.511->0.631 on the Mindboggle101, in term of average Dice score.Comment: To appear in MICCAI 2019 (Oral
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