126 research outputs found

    Discovery potential for supernova relic neutrinos with slow liquid scintillator detectors

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    Detection of supernova relic neutrinos could provide key support for our current understanding of stellar and cosmological evolution, and precise measurements of these neutrinos could yield novel insights into the universe. In this paper, we studied the detection potential of supernova relic neutrinos using linear alkyl benzene (LAB) as a slow liquid scintillator. The linear alkyl benzene features good separation of Cherenkov and scintillation lights, thereby providing a new route for particle identification. We further addressed key issues in current experiments, including (1) the charged current background of atmospheric neutrinos in water Cherenkov detectors and (2) the neutral current background of atmospheric neutrinos in typical liquid scintillator detectors. A kiloton-scale LAB detector at Jinping with O\mathcal{O}(10) years of data could discover supernova relic neutrinos with a sensitivity comparable to that of large-volume water Cherenkov detectors, typical liquid scintillator detectors, and liquid argon detectors.Comment: 9 pages, 6 figure

    Self-Consistent Sources and Conservation Laws for a Super Broer-Kaup-Kupershmidt Equation Hierarchy

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    Based on the matrix Lie superalgebras and supertrace identity, the integrable super Broer-Kaup-Kupershmidt hierarchy with self-consistent sources is established. Furthermore, we establish the infinitely many conservation laws for the integrable super Broer-Kaup-Kupershmidt hierarchy. In the process of computation especially, Fermi variables also play an important role in super integrable systems

    A Integrable Generalized Super-NLS-mKdV Hierarchy, Its Self-Consistent Sources, and Conservation Laws

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    A generalized super-NLS-mKdV hierarchy is proposed related to Lie superalgebra B(0,1); the resulting supersoliton hierarchy is put into super bi-Hamiltonian form with the aid of supertrace identity. Then, the super-NLS-mKdV hierarchy with self-consistent sources is set up. Finally, the infinitely many conservation laws of integrable super-NLS-mKdV hierarchy are presented

    Optical parametric generation in orientation-patterned gallium phosphide

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    We report an optical parametric generator (OPG) based on the new nonlinear material, orientation-patterned gallium phosphide (OP-GaP). Pumped by a Q-switched nanosecond Nd:YAG laser at 1064 nm with 25 kHz pulse repetition rate, the OPG can be tuned across 1721–1850 nm in the signal and 2504–2787 nm in the idler. Using a 40-mm-long crystal in single-pass configuration, we have generated a total average output power of up to ∼18  mW∼18  mW, with ∼5  mW∼5  mW of idler power at 2670 nm, for 2 W of input pump power. The OPG exhibits a passive stability in total output power better than 0.87% rms over 1 h, at a crystal temperature of 120°C, compared to 0.14% rms for the input pump. The output signal pulses, recorded at 1769 nm, have duration of 5.9 ns for input pump pulses of 9 ns. Temperature-dependent loss measurements for the pump polarization along the [100] axis in the OP-GaP crystal have also been performed, for the first time, indicating a drop in transmission from 28.8% at 50°C to 19.4% at 160°C.Peer ReviewedPostprint (author's final draft

    A New Soliton Hierarchy Associated with so

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    Based on the three-dimensional real special orthogonal Lie algebra so(3,R), we construct a new hierarchy of soliton equations by zero curvature equations and show that each equation in the resulting hierarchy has a bi-Hamiltonian structure and thus integrable in the Liouville sense. Furthermore, we present the infinitely many conservation laws for the new soliton hierarchy