687 research outputs found

    Direct-PoseNet: Absolute Pose Regression with Photometric Consistency

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    We present a relocalization pipeline, which combines an absolute pose regression (APR) network with a novel view synthesis based direct matching module, offering superior accuracy while maintaining low inference time. Our contribution is twofold: i) we design a direct matching module that supplies a photometric supervision signal to refine the pose regression network via differentiable rendering; ii) we modify the rotation representation from the classical quaternion to SO(3) in pose regression, removing the need for balancing rotation and translation loss terms. As a result, our network Direct-PoseNet achieves state-of-the-art performance among all other single-image APR methods on the 7-Scenes benchmark and the LLFF dataset

    Reachability-Based Confidence-Aware Probabilistic Collision Detection in Highway Driving

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    Risk assessment is a crucial component of collision warning and avoidance systems in intelligent vehicles. To accurately detect potential vehicle collisions, reachability-based formal approaches have been developed to ensure driving safety, but suffer from over-conservatism, potentially leading to false-positive risk events in complicated real-world applications. In this work, we combine two reachability analysis techniques, i.e., backward reachable set (BRS) and stochastic forward reachable set (FRS), and propose an integrated probabilistic collision detection framework in highway driving. Within the framework, we can firstly use a BRS to formally check whether a two-vehicle interaction is safe; otherwise, a prediction-based stochastic FRS is employed to estimate a collision probability at each future time step. In doing so, the framework can not only identify non-risky events with guaranteed safety, but also provide accurate collision risk estimation in safety-critical events. To construct the stochastic FRS, we develop a neural network-based acceleration model for surrounding vehicles, and further incorporate confidence-aware dynamic belief to improve the prediction accuracy. Extensive experiments are conducted to validate the performance of the acceleration prediction model based on naturalistic highway driving data, and the efficiency and effectiveness of the framework with the infused confidence belief are tested both in naturalistic and simulated highway scenarios. The proposed risk assessment framework is promising in real-world applications.Comment: Under review at Engineering. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:2205.0135