281,686 research outputs found

    Vision-based hand gesture interaction using particle filter, principle component analysis and transition network

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    Vision-based human-computer interaction is becoming important nowadays. It offers natural interaction with computers and frees users from mechanical interaction devices, which is favourable especially for wearable computers. This paper presents a human-computer interaction system based on a conventional webcam and hand gesture recognition. This interaction system works in real time and enables users to control a computer cursor with hand motions and gestures instead of a mouse. Five hand gestures are designed on behalf of five mouse operations: moving, left click, left-double click, right click and no-action. An algorithm based on Particle Filter is used for tracking the hand position. PCA-based feature selection is used for recognizing the hand gestures. A transition network is also employed for improving the accuracy and reliability of the interaction system. This interaction system shows good performance in the recognition and interaction test

    A remark on the Hard Lefschetz Theorem for K\"ahler orbifolds

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    We give a proof of the hard Lefschetz theorem for orbifolds that does not involve intersection homology. This answers a question of Fulton. We use a foliated version of the hard Lefschetz theorem due to El Kacimi

    Thermal Entanglement in Ferrimagnetic Chains

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    A formula to evaluate the entanglement in an one-dimensional ferrimagnetic system is derived. Based on the formula, we find that the thermal entanglement in a small size spin-1/2 and spin-s ferrimagnetic chain is rather robust against temperature, and the threshold temperature may be arbitrarily high when s is sufficiently large. This intriguing result answers unambiguously a fundamental question: ``can entanglement and quantum behavior in physical systems survive at arbitrary high temperatures?"Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

    Single-photon transport in a one dimentional waveguide coupling to a hybrid atom-optomechanical system

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    We explore theoretically the single-photon transport in a single-mode waveguide that is coupled to a hybrid atom-optomechanical system in a strong optomechanical coupling regime. Using a full quantum real-space approach, transmission and reflection coefficients of the propagating single-photon in the waveguide are ob- tained. The influences of atom-cavity detuning and the dissipation of atom on the transport are also studied. Intriguingly, the obtained spectral features can reveal the strong light-matter interaction in this hybrid system.Comment: 7pages, 8figure

    Random Isotropic Structures and Possible Glass Transitions in Diblock Copolymer Melts

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    We study the microstructural glass transitions in diblock-copolymer melts using a thermodynamic replica approach. Our approach performs an expansion in terms of the natural smallness parameter -- the inverse of the scaled degree of polymerization, which allows us to systematically study the approach to mean-field behavior as the degree of polymerization increases. We find that in the limit of infinite long polymer chains, both the onset of glassiness and the vitrification transition (Kauzmann temperature) collapse to the mean-field spinodal, suggesting that the spinodal can be regarded as the mean-field signature for glass transitions in this class of systems. We also study the order-disorder transitions (ODT) within the same theoretical framework; in particular, we include the leading-order fluctuation corrections due to the cubic interaction in the coarse-grained Hamiltonian, which has been ignored in previous works on the ODT in block copolymers. We find that the cubic term stabilizes both the ordered (body-centered-cubic) phase and the glassy state relative to the disordered phase. While in melts of symmetric copolymers the glass transition always occurs after the order-disorder transition (below the ODT temperature), for asymmetric copolymers, it is possible that the glass transition precedes the ordering transition.Comment: An error corrected in the referenc