537 research outputs found

    Deep-Reinforcement Learning Multiple Access for Heterogeneous Wireless Networks

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    This paper investigates the use of deep reinforcement learning (DRL) in a MAC protocol for heterogeneous wireless networking referred to as Deep-reinforcement Learning Multiple Access (DLMA). The thrust of this work is partially inspired by the vision of DARPA SC2, a 3-year competition whereby competitors are to come up with a clean-slate design that "best share spectrum with any network(s), in any environment, without prior knowledge, leveraging on machine-learning technique". Specifically, this paper considers the problem of sharing time slots among a multiple of time-slotted networks that adopt different MAC protocols. One of the MAC protocols is DLMA. The other two are TDMA and ALOHA. The nodes operating DLMA do not know that the other two MAC protocols are TDMA and ALOHA. Yet, by a series of observations of the environment, its own actions, and the resulting rewards, a DLMA node can learn an optimal MAC strategy to coexist harmoniously with the TDMA and ALOHA nodes according to a specified objective (e.g., the objective could be the sum throughput of all networks, or a general alpha-fairness objective)

    Hypergraph Modelling for Geometric Model Fitting

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    In this paper, we propose a novel hypergraph based method (called HF) to fit and segment multi-structural data. The proposed HF formulates the geometric model fitting problem as a hypergraph partition problem based on a novel hypergraph model. In the hypergraph model, vertices represent data points and hyperedges denote model hypotheses. The hypergraph, with large and "data-determined" degrees of hyperedges, can express the complex relationships between model hypotheses and data points. In addition, we develop a robust hypergraph partition algorithm to detect sub-hypergraphs for model fitting. HF can effectively and efficiently estimate the number of, and the parameters of, model instances in multi-structural data heavily corrupted with outliers simultaneously. Experimental results show the advantages of the proposed method over previous methods on both synthetic data and real images.Comment: Pattern Recognition, 201