939,564 research outputs found

    Generalized Adaptive Network Coding Aided Successive Relaying Based Noncoherent Cooperation

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    A generalized adaptive network coding (GANC) scheme is conceived for a multi-user, multi-relay scenario, where the multiple users transmit independent information streams to a common destination with the aid of multiple relays. The proposed GANC scheme is developed from adaptive network coded cooperation (ANCC), which aims for a high flexibility in order to: 1) allow arbitrary channel coding schemes to serve as the cross-layer network coding regime; 2) provide any arbitrary trade-off between the throughput and reliability by adjusting the ratio of the source nodes and the cooperating relay nodes. Furthermore, we incorporate the proposed GANC scheme in a novel successive relaying aided network (SRAN) in order to recover the typical 50% half-duplex relaying-induced throughput loss. However, it is unrealistic to expect that in addition to carrying out all the relaying functions, the relays could additionally estimate the source-to-relay channels. Hence noncoherent detection is employed in order to obviate the power-hungry channel estimation. Finally, we intrinsically amalgamate our GANC scheme with the joint network-channel coding (JNCC) concept into a powerful three-stage concatenated architecture relying on iterative detection, which is specifically designed for the destination node (DN). The proposed scheme is also capable of adapting to rapidly time-varying network topologies, while relying on energy-efficient detection

    Nonparametric Additive Model-assisted Estimation for Survey Data

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    An additive model-assisted nonparametric method is investigated to estimate the finite population totals of massive survey data with the aid of auxiliary information. A class of estimators is proposed to improve the precision of the well known Horvitz-Thompson estimators by combining the spline and local polynomial smoothing methods. These estimators are calibrated, asymptotically design-unbiased, consistent, normal and robust in the sense of asymptotically attaining the Godambe-Joshi lower bound to the anticipated variance. A consistent model selection procedure is further developed to select the significant auxiliary variables. The proposed method is sufficiently fast to analyze large survey data of high dimension within seconds. The performance of the proposed method is assessed empirically via simulation studies

    Successive AF/DF Relaying in the Cooperative DS-CDMA Uplink: Capacity Analysis and its System Architecture

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    A successive relaying aided network (SRAN) is designed for a multi-user spread-spectrum scenario conceived for noncoherent (NC) detection in order to convert the typical 50% half-duplex relaying-induced throughput loss to a potential user-load reduction of the CDMA system, where the NC allows us to avoid the extra power consumption imposed by channel estimation. We commence by evaluating the noncoherent Discrete-input Continuous-output Memoryless Channel (DCMC) capacity of both the Amplify-and-Forward (AF) based and of the Decode-and-Forward (DF) based SRAN in the DS-CDMA uplink. Whilst NC detection has the added benefit of eliminating both the pilot-overhead and power-hungry channel estimation, it tends to form an error-floor at high Doppler frequencies. We mitigate this problem using multiple-symbol detection, which increases the detection complexity upon extending the detection window. Finally, a relay-aided soft-input soft-output Multiple-Symbol Differential Sphere Detection (SISO-MSDSD) CDMA regime is proposed, which significantly reduces the system’s complexity without sacrificing its performance

    Successive DF relaying: MS-DIS aided interference suppression and three-stage concatenated architecture design

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    Conventional single-relay aided two-phase cooperative networks employing coherent detection algorithms incur a significant 50% throughput loss. Furthermore, it is unrealistic to expect that in addition to the task of relaying, the relay-station would dedicate further precious resources to the estimation of the source-relay channel in support of coherent detection. In order to circumvent these problems, we propose decode and-forward (DF) based successive relaying employing noncoherent detection schemes. A crucial challenge in this context is that of suppressing the successive relaying induced interference, despite dispensing with any channel state information (CSI). We overcome this challenge by introducing a novel adaptive Newton algorithm based multiple-symbol differential interference suppression (MS-DIS) scheme. Correspondingly, a three-stage concatenated transceiver architecture is devised. We demonstrate that our proposed system is capable of near-error-free transmissions at low signal-to-noise ratios

    An information literacy integration model and its application in higher education

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    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to present a model for curricular integration of information literacy for undergraduate programs in higher education. Design/methodology/approach - Data are drawn from individual interviews at three universities in Australia and curricular integration working experience at a New Zealand university. Sociocultural theories are adopted in the research process and in the development of the model, Findings - Key characteristics of the curriculum integration of information literacy were identified and an information literacy integration model was developed. The S2J2 key behaviours for campus-wide multi-partner collaboration in information literacy integration were also identified. Research limitations/implications - The model was developed without including the employer needs. Through the process of further research, the point of view of the employer on how to provide information literacy education needs to be explored in order to strengthen the model in curricular design. Practical implications - The information literacy integration model was developed based on practical experience in higher education and has been applied in different undergraduate curricular programs. The model could be used or adapted by both librarians and academics when they integrate information literacy into an undergraduate curriculum from a lower level to a higher level. Originality/value - The information literacy integration model was developed based on recent PhD research. The model integrates curriculum, pedagogy and learning theories, information literacy theories, information literacy guidelines, people and collaborative together. The model provides a framework of how information literacy can be integrated into multiple courses across an undergraduate academic degree in higher education