14,725 research outputs found

    Numerical Computation of Shock Waves in a Spherical Cloud of Cavitation Bubbles

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    The nonlinear dynamics of a spherical cloud of cavitation bubbles have been simulated numerically in order to learn more about the physical phenomena occurring in cloud cavitation. A finite cloud of nuclei is subject to a decrease in the ambient pressure which causes the cloud to cavitate. A subsequent pressure recovery then causes the cloud to collapse. This is typical of the transient behavior exhibited by a bubble cloud as it passes a body or the blade of a ship propeller. The simulations employ the fully nonlinear continuum mixture equations coupled with the Rayleigh-Plesset equation for the dynamics of bubbles. A Lagrangian integral method is developed to solve this set of equations. It was found that, with strong bubble interaction effects, the collapse of the cloud is accompanied by the formation of an inward propagating bubbly shock wave, a large pressure pulse is produced when this shock passes the bubbles and causes them to collapse. The focusing of the shock at the center of the cloud produces a very large pressure pulse which radiates a substantial impulse to the far field and provides an explanation for the severe noise and damage potential in cloud cavitation

    Determining residual gum content of bast fibres

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    Shock Wave Development in the Collapse of a Cloud of Bubbles

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    A numerical simulation of the collapse of a cloud of bubbles has been used to demonstrate the development of an inwardly propagating shock wave which grows rapidly in magnitude. The fully non-linear nonbarotropic homogeneous flow equations are coupled with single bubble dynamics and solved by a stable numerical scheme. The computational results demonstrate the structure of the shock wave as well as its strengthening effect due to the coupling of the single bubble dynamics with the global dynamics of the flow through the pressure and velocity fields. This appears to confirm the speculation of Morch and his co-workers that such shock formation is an important part of cloud collapse