3,791 research outputs found

    Recent Results from the K2K Experiment

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    The K2K experiment has collected approximately half of its allocated protons on target between June of 1999 and July of 2001. These proceedings give a short introduction to the experiment and summarize some of the recent results.Comment: Invited talk at the Seventh International Workshop on Tau Lepton Physics (TAU02), Santa Cruz, Ca, USA, Sept 2002, 7 pages, LaTeX, 7 eps figures. PSN TH0

    Why understanding neutrino interactions is important for oscillation physics

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    Uncertainties in knowledge of neutrino interactions directly impact the ability to measure the parameters of neutrino oscillation. Experiments which make use of differing technologies and neutrino beams are sensitive to different uncertainties. Several experimental and theoretical issues are reviewed.Comment: Proceedings prepared for the Fifth International Workshop on Neutrino-Nucleus Interactions in the Few-GeV Region (NuInt07), May 30-June 2, 2007. Proceedings to be published by the AIP (6 pages

    The prevalence of BANA‐hydrolyzing periodontopathic bacteria in smokers

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    Peer Reviewedhttp://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/99012/1/j.1600-051X.1999.tb02526.x.pd

    Use of Dredged Material for Oyster Habitat Creation in Coastal Virginia

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    Dredging can have a beneficial effect on oyster habitat when the placement of the dredged material is effectively managed to help provide the bottom structure necessary to develop an oyster reef. Construction and maintenance of the Waterway on the Coast of Virginia (WCV) by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) has provided a number of examples of this process, both serendipitous and deliberate. The historical development of reefs that evolved from the random overboard placement of dredged material and the subsequent leasing of these areas for oyster cultivation is reviewed. A monitoring plan for the development of a reef in Swash Bay using maintenance dredging material is also described including pre- and post-dredging hydrographic surveys, surface sediment distributions, and shellfish surveys. After one year, the benthic communities at the recently used placement site, the historical placement site and an unimpacted area in Swash Bay were compared using the Benthic Assessment Method (BAM) to determine short-term impacts. The historical and unimpacted sites had very similar values while the recently used site was somewhat lower. Consequences of continued success in developing oyster reefs in close proximity to a dredged channel are addressed with a suggested management plan that involves rotating the placement among a number of sites. This would allow for the continued maintenance of both the channel and the adjacent oyster reefs.https://scholarworks.wm.edu/vimsbooks/1090/thumbnail.jp

    Discovery of Molecular Gas in the Outflow and Tidal Arms around M82

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    We present the first fully sampled map of 12CO (1-0) emission from M82 covering the entire galaxy. Our map contains a 12 x 15 kpc^2 area. We find that extraplanar CO emission, previously reported at short distances above the galactic plane, extends to heights of up to 6 kpc above the disk. Some of this emission is associated with tidal arms seen in HI, implying either that M82 contained substantial amounts of molecular gas in the outer disk, or that molecular gas formed after the tidal features. CO emission along the direction of the outflow extends to distances of 3 kpc above and below the disk. At this distance, the line is shifted in velocity about 100 km/s, and has the same sense as the galactic outflow from the central starburst. This implies that molecular gas may be entrained into the outflow.Comment: 4 pages, 6 figures. Uses emulateapj5. Accepted by ApJ Letter

    Boosting water oxidation through in situ electroconversion of manganese gallide: an intermetallic precursor approach

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    For the first time, the manganese gallide (MnGa4) served as an intermetallic precursor, which upon in situ electroconversion in alkaline media produced high‐performance and long‐term‐stable MnOx‐based electrocatalysts for water oxidation. Unexpectedly, its electrocorrosion (with the concomitant loss of Ga) leads simultaneously to three crystalline types of MnOx minerals with distinct structures and induced defects: birnessite δ‐MnO2, feitknechtite β‐MnOOH, and hausmannite α‐Mn3O4. The abundance and intrinsic stabilization of MnIII/MnIV active sites in the three MnOx phases explains the superior efficiency and durability of the system for electrocatalytic water oxidation. After electrophoretic deposition of the MnGa4 precursor on conductive nickel foam (NF), a low overpotential of 291 mV, comparable to that of precious‐metal‐based catalysts, could be achieved at a current density of 10 mA cm−2 with a durability of more than five days.DFG, 390540038, EXC 2008: UniSysCatTU Berlin, Open-Access-Mittel - 201