51,134 research outputs found

    Flow field survey near the rotational plane of an advanced design propeller on a JetStar airplane

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    An investigation was conducted to obtain upper fuselage surface static pressures and boundary layer velocity profiles below the centerline of an advanced design propeller. This investigation documents the upper fuselage velocity flow field in support of the in-flight acoustic tests conducted on a JetStar airplane. Initial results of the boundary layer survey show evidence of an unusual flow disturbance, which is attributed to the two windshield wiper assemblies on the aircraft. The assemblies were removed, eliminating the disturbances from the flow field. This report presents boundary layer velocity profiles at altitudes of 6096 and 9144 m (20,000 and 30,000 ft) and Mach numbers from 0.6 to 0.8, and it investigated the effects of windshield wiper assemblies on these profiles. Because of the unconventional velocity profiles that were obtained with the assemblies mounted, classical boundary layer parameters, such as momentum and displacement thicknesses, are not presented. The effects of flight test variables (Mach number and angles of attack and sideslip) and an advanced design propeller on boundary layer profiles - with the wiper assemblies mounted and removed - are presented

    A 190 by 244 charge-coupled area image sensor with interline transfer organization

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    A 190 x 244 element charge coupled area image sensor has been designed, fabricated and tested. This sensor employs an interline transfer organization and buried n-channel technology. It features a novel on-chip charge integrator and a distributed floating gate amplifier for high and low light level applications. The X-Y element count has been chosen to establish the capability of producing an NTSC compatible video signal. The array size is also compatible with the Super 8 lens format. The first few sample devices have been successfully operated at full video bandwidth for both high and low light levels with the charge amplifier system

    Summary of the effects of engine throttle response on airplane formation-flying qualities

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    A flight evaluation was conducted to determine the effect of engine throttle response characteristics on precision formation-flying qualities. A variable electronic throttle control system was developed and flight-tested on a TF-104G airplane with a J79-11B engine at the NASA Dryden Flight Research Facility. This airplane was chosen because of its known, very favorable thrust response characteristics. Ten research flights were flown to evaluate the effects of throttle gain, time delay, and fuel control rate limiting on engine handling qualities during a demanding precision wing formation task. Handling quality effects of lag filters and lead compensation time delays were also evaluated. The Cooper and Harper Pilot Rating Scale was used to assign levels of handling quality. Data from pilot ratings and comments indicate that throttle control system time delays and rate limits cause significant degradations in handling qualities. Threshold values for satisfactory (level 1) and adequate (level 2) handling qualities of these key variables are presented. These results may provide engine manufacturers with guidelines to assure satisfactory handling qualities in future engine designs

    Acquisition and analysis of adaptive optics imaging polarimetry data

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    The process of data taking, reduction and calibration of near-infrared imaging polarimetry data taken with the ESO Adaptive Optics System ADONIS is described. The ADONIS polarimetric facility is provided by a rotating wire grid polarizer. Images were taken at increments of 22.5 degrees of polarizer rotation from 0 to 180 degrees, over-sampling the polarization curve but allowing the effects of photometric variations to be assessed. Several strategies to remove the detector signature are described. The instrumental polarization was determined, by observations of stars of negligible polarization, to be 1.7% at J, H and K bands. The lack of availability of unpolarized standard stars in the IR, in particular which are not too bright as to saturate current IR detectors, is highlighted. The process of making polarization maps is described. Experiments at restoring polarimetry data, in order to reach diffraction limited polarization, are outlined, with particular reference to data on the Homunculus reflection nebula around Eta Carinae.Comment: 20 pages, A&A LaTeX2e, 11 figures. To appear in Astronomy & Astrophysics, Supplement Serie

    Jet Veto Clustering Logarithms Beyond Leading Order

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    Many experimental analyses separate events into exclusive jet bins, using a jet algorithm to cluster the final state and then veto on jets. Jet clustering induces logarithmic dependence on the jet radius R in the cross section for exclusive jet bins, a dependence that is poorly controlled due to the non-global nature of the clustering. At jet radii of experimental interest, the leading order (LO) clustering effects are numerically significant, but the higher order effects are currently unknown. We rectify this situation by calculating the most important part of the next-to-leading order (NLO) clustering logarithms of R for any 0-jet process, which enter as O(αs3)O(\alpha_s^3) corrections to the cross section. The calculation blends subtraction methods for NLO calculations with factorization properties of QCD and soft-collinear effective theory (SCET). We compare the size of the known LO and new NLO clustering logarithms and find that the impact of the NLO terms on the 0-jet cross section in Higgs production is small. This brings clustering effects under better control and may be used to improve uncertainty estimates on cross sections with a jet veto.Comment: 39 pages, 5 figures. v2: journal version. v3: added missing term in calculation, conclusions unchange
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