215 research outputs found

### Information and knowledge leakage in supply chain

The current world of post industrial value generation sees companies increasingly analyzing their internal operations against their external organizations to identify supply/demand fluctuations along the supply chain. Within these integrated relationships between internal and external parties in the supply chain, knowledge and information have become very important production resources. The existence and success of an increasing number of organizations strongly depend on their capabilities to utilize knowledge and information for profit generation. By managing more efficient information sharing, the volume of company confidential information passing through the supply chain increases, and this brings about more incidences of knowledge leakage and information leakage. A survey by PricewaterhouseCoopers in 2014 shows information security spending over the next 12 months would increase 60.27 % in Asia and 48.98 % in all regions. This emphasizes the importance of information privacy and therefore the necessity to study the information and knowledge leakage in integrated supply chain. The objectives of this study are to investigate the factors triggering information and knowledge leakage and create a mitigation framework to soften the impact of leakages on performance. The above objectives will be met by formulating and examining several hypotheses of a conceptualized information leakage (IL) and knowledge leakage (KL) framework. A case study derived from a structured interview is adopted as a methodology in this research. As a result, this paper contributes a novel theoretical model that characterizes information and knowledge leakage in an integrated supply chain. Therefore, it also adds new knowledge of managing information and knowledge leakage to supply chain management

### Measurement of the 58Ni(α, γ) 62Zn reaction and its astrophysical impact

Funding Details: PHY 08-22648, NSF, National Science Foundation; PHY 0969058, NSF, National Science Foundation; PHY 1102511, NSF, National Science FoundationCross section measurements of the 58Ni(α,γ)62Zn reaction were performed in the energy range Eα=5.5to9.5 MeV at the Nuclear Science Laboratory of the University of Notre Dame, using the NSCL Summing NaI(Tl) detector and the γ-summing technique. The measurements are compared to predictions in the statistical Hauser-Feshbach model of nuclear reactions using the SMARAGD code. It is found that the energy dependence of the cross section is reproduced well but the absolute value is overestimated by the prediction. This can be remedied by rescaling the α width by a factor of 0.45. Stellar reactivities were calculated with the rescaled α width and their impact on nucleosynthesis in type Ia supernovae has been studied. It is found that the resulting abundances change by up to 5% when using the new reactivities. © 2014 American Physical Society.Peer reviewe

### Sulphonylurea Usage in Melioidosis Is Associated with Severe Disease and Suppressed Immune Response

10.1371/journal.pntd.0002795PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases84

### Detecting genuine multipartite continuous-variable entanglement

We derive necessary conditions in terms of the variances of position and
momentum linear combinations for all kinds of separability of a multi-party
multi-mode continuous-variable state. Their violations can be sufficient for
genuine multipartite entanglement, provided the combinations contain both
conjugate variables of all modes. Hence a complete state determination, for
example by detecting the entire correlation matrix of a Gaussian state, is not
needed.Comment: 13 pages, 3 figure

### K\"{a}hler-Einstein metrics on strictly pseudoconvex domains

The metrics of S. Y. Cheng and S.-T. Yau are considered on a strictly
pseudoconvex domains in a complex manifold. Such a manifold carries a complete
K\"{a}hler-Einstein metric if and only if its canonical bundle is positive. We
consider the restricted case in which the CR structure on $\partial M$ is
normal. In this case M must be a domain in a resolution of the Sasaki cone over
$\partial M$. We give a condition on a normal CR manifold which it cannot
satisfy if it is a CR infinity of a K\"{a}hler-Einstein manifold. We are able
to mostly determine those normal CR 3-manifolds which can be CR infinities.
Many examples are given of K\"{a}hler-Einstein strictly pseudoconvex manifolds
on bundles and resolutions.Comment: 30 pages, 1 figure, couple corrections, improved a couple example

### Isotopic composition of fragments in multifragmentation of very large nuclear systems: effects of the chemical equilibrium

Studies on the isospin of fragments resulting from the disassembly of highly
excited large thermal-like nuclear emitting sources, formed in the ^{197}Au +
^{197}Au reaction at 35 MeV/nucleon beam energy, are presented. Two different
decay systems (the quasiprojectile formed in midperipheral reactions and the
unique source coming from the incomplete fusion of projectile and target in the
most central collisions) were considered; these emitting sources have the same
initial N/Z ratio and excitation energy (E^* ~= 5--6 MeV/nucleon), but
different size. Their charge yields and isotopic content of the fragments show
different distributions. It is observed that the neutron content of
intermediate mass fragments increases with the size of the source. These
evidences are consistent with chemical equilibrium reached in the systems. This
fact is confirmed by the analysis with the statistical multifragmentation
model.Comment: 9 pages, 4 ps figure

### Comparisons of Statistical Multifragmentation and Evaporation Models for Heavy Ion Collisions

The results from ten statistical multifragmentation models have been compared
with each other using selected experimental observables. Even though details in
any single observable may differ, the general trends among models are similar.
Thus these models and similar ones are very good in providing important physics
insights especially for general properties of the primary fragments and the
multifragmentation process. Mean values and ratios of observables are also less
sensitive to individual differences in the models. In addition to
multifragmentation models, we have compared results from five commonly used
evaporation codes. The fluctuations in isotope yield ratios are found to be a
good indicator to evaluate the sequential decay implementation in the code. The
systems and the observables studied here can be used as benchmarks for the
development of statistical multifragmentation models and evaporation codes.Comment: To appear on Euorpean Physics Journal A as part of the Topical Volume
"Dynamics and Thermodynamics with Nuclear Degrees of Freedo

### Isospin Effects in Nuclear Multifragmentation

We develop an improved Statistical Multifragmentation Model that provides the
capability to calculate calorimetric and isotopic observables with precision.
With this new model we examine the influence of nuclear isospin on the fragment
elemental and isotopic distributions. We show that the proposed improvements on
the model are essential for studying isospin effects in nuclear
multifragmentation. In particular, these calculations show that accurate
comparisons to experimental data require that the nuclear masses, free energies
and secondary decay must be handled with higher precision than many current
models accord.Comment: 46 pages, 16 figure

### Experimental characterization of continuous-variable entanglement

We present an experimental analysis of quadrature entanglement produced from a pair of amplitude squeezed beams. The correlation matrix of the state is characterized within a set of reasonable assumptions, and the strength of the entanglement is gauged using measures of the degree of inseparability and the degree of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) paradox. We introduce controlled decoherence in the form of optical loss to the entangled state, and demonstrate qualitative differences in the response of the degrees of inseparability and EPR paradox to this loss. The entanglement is represented on a photon number diagram that provides an intuitive and physically relevant description of the state. We calculate efficacy contours for several quantum information protocols on this diagram, and use them to predict the effectiveness of our entanglement in those protocols

### d-alpha Correlation functions and collective motion in Xe+Au collisions at E/A=50 MeV

The interplay of the effects of geometry and collective motion on d-$\alpha$
correlation functions is investigated for central Xe+Au collisions at E/A=50
MeV. The data cannot be explained without collective motion, which could be
partly along the beam axis. A semi-quantitative description of the data can be
obtained using a Monte-Carlo model, where thermal emission is superimposed on
collective motion. Both the emission volume and the competition between the
thermal and collective motion influence significantly the shape of the
correlation function, motivating new strategies for extending intensity
interferometry studies to massive particles.Comment: Accepted for publication on Physics Letters

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