92 research outputs found

    Quand la DPJ fait la une! Une analyse du traitement médiatique de la maltraitance au Québec

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    Cet article porte sur la place qu’occupent la maltraitance et les situations impliquant les services de la protection de la jeunesse dans la presse Ă©crite au QuĂ©bec. Deux questions sont examinĂ©es : Quelle est l’ampleur de la couverture journalistique de la protection de la jeunesse? Comment la problĂ©matique de la maltraitance et les services de la protection de la jeunesse y sont-ils prĂ©sentĂ©s? Pour ce faire, le contenu des principaux quotidiens a Ă©tĂ© analysĂ© sur une pĂ©riode de 24 mois, par la constitution de deux corpus de donnĂ©es (N = 1211; N = 451), le premier afin de dĂ©nombrer le nombre d’articles et d’identifier les battages mĂ©diatiques, le second afin de dĂ©crire le contenu de ces nouvelles. Il ressort de cette Ă©tude que la maltraitance est un sujet qui retient, comme ailleurs, beaucoup l’attention des mĂ©dias quĂ©bĂ©cois. Cette couverture mĂ©diatique surreprĂ©sente les formes de maltraitance les moins frĂ©quentes et, dans l’ensemble, porte un jugement neutre Ă  l’égard des services de la protection de la jeunesse.This article examines the printed media’s coverage of child maltreatment and child protective services in the province of Quebec. Two questions are examined : What is the scope of this coverage? How are child maltreatment and child protective services presented? In order to do so, the content of the province’s main daily newspapers has been analysed for a period of 24 months. This has led to the constitution of two datasets (N = 1211; N = 451). The first one has allowed us to identify trends in the number of articles published over time as well as statistical relationships between the number of articles published and specific news events. The second dataset was used for a more in-depth content analysis of news stories. Findings reveal that child maltreatment is the object, in Quebec as elsewhere, of an important amount of media coverage. This coverage has been found to over represent the least frequent types of child maltreatment and, overall, to provide a rather neutral assessment of child protective services

    La mĂ©diation humaniste, pour ‘faire sociĂ©té’ dans la prise en charge des diffĂ©rends

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    This paper is the work of a collective, and contains multidisciplinary reflexions on a humanistic practice of mediation that was pioneered in France in 1984, and refined over 30 years of practical experience and thousands of completed mediations. This kind of mediation focuses its efforts less on the specific area of dispute, and more on the transformation of human and social relationships, thereby justifying the qualifier ‘humanistic’. The exchanges established between the mediants, made possible and facilitated by the mediator, have the core objective of rebuilding a lasting and peaceable relationship.Humanistic mediation is shown to be a tool for personal, ontological transformation – a way of supporting the deep aspirations and values which everyone needs in order to live. In social interaction it enables common ground (‘commons’) to emerge which forms the basis of a new mode of sharing; it introduces a process that is humanizing and mutually nurturing while still respecting differences. Humanistic mediation is rooted in the trans-modern beginnings of our ongoing societal transformation. By reintroducing a sense of existential solidarity which is founded more on sharing than on exchange, it offers itself as an educational tool for peace, using a civilizing pedagogy to create a humanism for our times.The process is laid out in three sequential phases, which take into account the emotions of the mediants. With often spectacular results, the process leads to a pivotal moment that allows the energy of the conflict to be redirected. The role and attitude of the mediator are precisely defined. The relationship between mediation and institutions such as justice and education is discussed. Humanistic mediation takes its place in the evolution of a justice that both repairs and restores.Cet article est la rĂ©flexion pluridisciplinaire d’un collectif sur une pratique humaniste de la mĂ©diation, introduite de façon pionniĂšre en 1984 et affinĂ©e au cours de 30 ans d’expĂ©rience et de milliers de mĂ©diations rĂ©alisĂ©es. Ce type de mĂ©diation concentre ses efforts moins sur le diffĂ©rend que sur la transformation des rapports humains et sociaux, justifiant ainsi le qualificatif humaniste. Les Ă©changes instaurĂ©s entre les mĂ©diants, rendus possibles et facilitĂ©s par le mĂ©diateur, ont pour objectif essentiel de reconstruire une relation pacifiĂ©e et durable.La mĂ©diation humaniste se rĂ©vĂšle un outil ontologique de transformation personnelle prenant appui sur les aspirations profondes et les valeurs dont chacun a besoin pour vivre. Socialement, elle permet l’émergence de communs sur lesquels fonder un nouveau mode de partage, introduisant un processus de fĂ©condation mutuelle et d’humanisation rĂ©ciproque, dans le respect des diffĂ©rences. La mĂ©diation humaniste s’inscrit dans les prĂ©mices trans-modernes de la transformation sociĂ©tale en cours. RĂ©introduisant le sens d’une solidaritĂ© existentielle, fondĂ©e plus sur le partage que sur l’échange, elle se prĂ©sente comme un outil d’éducation Ă  la paix, pĂ©dagogique et civilisateur, pour un humanisme de notre temps.Le dĂ©roulement en est explicitĂ© en trois phases successives prenant en compte les Ă©motions des mĂ©diants et aboutissant Ă  un retournement souvent spectaculaire qui permet de rĂ©orienter l’énergie du conflit. Le rĂŽle et la posture du mĂ©diateur sont prĂ©cisĂ©s.Le rapport aux institutions Justice et Education est discutĂ©. La mĂ©diation humaniste s’inscrit dans une dĂ©marche de justice rĂ©paratrice et restauratrice

    Estimating the current and future cancer burden in Canada: Methodological framework of the Canadian population attributable risk of cancer (ComPARe) study

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    Introduction The Canadian Population Attributable Risk of Cancer project aims to quantify the number and proportion of cancer cases incident in Canada, now and projected to 2042, that could be prevented through changes in the prevalence of modifiable exposures associated with cancer. The broad risk factor categories of interest include tobacco, diet, energy imbalance, infectious diseases, hormonal therapies and environmental factors such as air pollution and res

    COVID-19 symptoms at hospital admission vary with age and sex: results from the ISARIC prospective multinational observational study

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    Background: The ISARIC prospective multinational observational study is the largest cohort of hospitalized patients with COVID-19. We present relationships of age, sex, and nationality to presenting symptoms. Methods: International, prospective observational study of 60 109 hospitalized symptomatic patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 recruited from 43 countries between 30 January and 3 August 2020. Logistic regression was performed to evaluate relationships of age and sex to published COVID-19 case definitions and the most commonly reported symptoms. Results: ‘Typical’ symptoms of fever (69%), cough (68%) and shortness of breath (66%) were the most commonly reported. 92% of patients experienced at least one of these. Prevalence of typical symptoms was greatest in 30- to 60-year-olds (respectively 80, 79, 69%; at least one 95%). They were reported less frequently in children (≀ 18 years: 69, 48, 23; 85%), older adults (≄ 70 years: 61, 62, 65; 90%), and women (66, 66, 64; 90%; vs. men 71, 70, 67; 93%, each P < 0.001). The most common atypical presentations under 60 years of age were nausea and vomiting and abdominal pain, and over 60 years was confusion. Regression models showed significant differences in symptoms with sex, age and country. Interpretation: This international collaboration has allowed us to report reliable symptom data from the largest cohort of patients admitted to hospital with COVID-19. Adults over 60 and children admitted to hospital with COVID-19 are less likely to present with typical symptoms. Nausea and vomiting are common atypical presentations under 30 years. Confusion is a frequent atypical presentation of COVID-19 in adults over 60 years. Women are less likely to experience typical symptoms than men
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