16,156 research outputs found

    Reduced, tame and exotic fusion systems

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    We define here two new classes of saturated fusion systems, reduced fusion systems and tame fusion systems. These are motivated by our attempts to better understand and search for exotic fusion systems: fusion systems which are not the fusion systems of any finite group. Our main theorems say that every saturated fusion system reduces to a reduced fusion system which is tame only if the original one is realizable, and that every reduced fusion system which is not tame is the reduction of some exotic (nonrealizable) fusion system

    Dust formation around AGB and SAGB stars: a trend with metallicity?

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    We calculate the dust formed around AGB and SAGB stars of metallicity Z=0.008 by following the evolution of models with masses in the range 1M<M<8M throughthe thermal pulses phase, and assuming that dust forms via condensation of molecules within a wind expanding isotropically from the stellar surface. We find that, because of the strong Hot Bottom Burning (HBB) experienced, high mass models produce silicates, whereas lower mass objects are predicted to be surrounded by carbonaceous grains; the transition between the two regimes occurs at a threshold mass of 3.5M. These fndings are consistent with the results presented in a previous investigation, for Z=0.001. However, in the present higher metallicity case, the production of silicates in the more massive stars continues for the whole AGB phase, because the HBB experienced is softer at Z=0.008 than at Z=0.001, thus the oxygen in the envelope, essential for the formation of water molecules, is never consumed completely. The total amount of dust formed for a given mass experiencing HBB increases with metallicity, because of the higher abundance of silicon, and the softer HBB, both factors favouring a higher rate of silicates production. This behaviour is not found in low mass stars,because the carbon enrichment of the stellar surface layers, due to repeated Third Drege Up episodes, is almost independent of the metallicity. Regarding cosmic dust enrichment by intermediate mass stars, we find that the cosmic yield at Z=0.008 is a factor 5 larger than at Z=0.001. In the lower metallicity case carbon dust dominates after about 300 Myr, but at Z=0.008 the dust mass is dominated by silicates at all times,with a prompt enrichment occurring after about 40 Myr, associated with the evolution of stars with masses M =7.5 -8M.Comment: 14 pages, 10 figures, 2 Tables, accepted for publication in MNRA

    Interferències en la praxi del laboratori clínic

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    Algebraic Characterization of Vector Supersymmetry in Topological Field Theories

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    An algebraic cohomological characterization of a class of linearly broken Ward identities is provided. The examples of the topological vector supersymmetry and of the Landau ghost equation are discussed in detail. The existence of such a linearly broken Ward identities turns out to be related to BRST exact antifield dependent cocycles with negative ghost number.Comment: 30 pages, latex2e file, subm. to Journ. of Math. Phy

    Nonrenormalization theorems for N=2 Super Yang-Mills

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    The BRST algebraic proofs of the the nonrenormalization theorems for the beta functions of N=2 and N=4 Super Yang-Mills theories are reviewed.Comment: 3 pages, contribution to SUSY 2000 Encyclopedi

    Hard Cosmic Ray Sea in the Galactic Center: a consistent interpretation of H.E.S.S. and Fermi-LAT γ\gamma-ray data

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    We present a novel interpretation of the gamma-ray diffuse emission measured by H.E.S.S. in the Galactic Center (GC) region and the Galactic ridge. Our starting base is an updated analysis of PASS8 Fermi-LAT data, which allows to extend down to few GeV the spectra measured by H.E.S.S. and to infer the primary CR radial distribution above 100 GeV. We compare those results with a CR transport model assuming a harder scaling of the diffusion coefficient with rigidity in the inner Galaxy. Such a behavior reproduces the radial dependence of the CR spectral index recently inferred from Fermi-LAT measurements in the inner GP. We find that, in this scenario, the bulk of the Galactic ridge emission can be naturally explained by the interaction of the diffuse, steady-state Galactic CR sea interacting with the gas present in the Central molecular zone. The evidence of a GC PeVatron is significantly weaker than that inferred adopting a conventional (softer) CR sea.Comment: Oral contribution to the International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC 2017), 12-20 July 2017, Bexco, Busan, Kore

    KLOE results at the Frascati ϕ\phi-factory DAΦ\PhiNE

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    The KLOE experiment at the Frascati ϕ\phi-factory DAΦ\PhiNE has collected about 0.5 fb−1^{-1} of data till the end of the year 2002. These data allow to perform a wide physics program, ranging from the physics of charged and neutral kaons to radiative ϕ\phi-decays. Results are presented for the KLK_L lifetime and the semileptonic processes KS,L→πeνK_{S,L} \to \pi e \nu. From the light meson spectroscopy program, results on the decays ϕ→f0(980)γ,a0(980)γ\phi \to f_0(980)\gamma, a_0(980)\gamma as well as ϕ→ηγ,η′γ\phi \to \eta \gamma, \eta' \gamma are presented.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures, Proceedings contribution to the 10th Int. Symposium on "Meson-Nucleon Physics and the Structure of the Nucleon" (MENU04), Beijing, China, Aug. 30 - Sept. 4, 200
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