5,622 research outputs found

    Fission fragment mass reconstruction from Si surface barrier detector measurement

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    A method for plasma delay and pulse-height defect corrections for Si surface barrier detectors (SBD) is presented. Based on known empirical formulae, simple approximations involving the measured time-of-flight (TOF) and energy of the ions were found and a mass reconstruction procedure was developed. The procedure was applied for obtaining the fission fragment mass and angular distributions from the 64^{64} Ni+197^{197}Au reaction at 418 MeV and 383 MeV incident energy using an array of eight SBDs.Comment: 3 pages, 1 table, 3 figures, submitted to NIM A ; 4 pages, 1 table, 5 figures, added discussion and figure

    Flow fluctuations and long-range correlations: elliptic flow and beyond

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    These proceedings consist of a brief overview of the current understanding of collective behavior in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. In particular, recent progress in understanding the implications of event-by-event fluctuations have solved important puzzles in existing data -- the "ridge" and "shoulder" phenomena of long-range two-particle correlations -- and have created an exciting opportunity to tightly constrain theoretical models with many new observables.Comment: 10 pages, 2 figures, Proceedings for the 22nd International Conference On Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions (Quark Matter 2011), Annecy, France, May 23 - 28, 2011; includes Fig. 2 which was omitted from journal submission for lack of spac

    Simple Front End Electronics for Multigap Resistive Plate Chambers

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    A simple circuit for the presentation of the signals from Multi-gap Resistive Plate Chambers (MRPCs) to standard existing digitization electronics is described. The circuit is based on "off-the-shelf" discrete components. An optimization of the values of specific components is required to match the aspects of the MRPCs for the given application. This simple circuit is an attractive option for the initial signal processing for MRPC prototyping and bench- or beam-testing efforts, as well as for final implementations of small-area Time-of-Flight systems with existing data acquisition systems.Comment: submitted to Nucl. Inst. and Methods, Section

    Sensitivity of Azimuthal Jet Tomography to Early Time Energy-Loss at RHIC and LHC

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    We compute the jet path-length dependence of energy-loss for higher azimuthal harmonics of jet-fragments in a generalized model of energy-loss that can interpolate between pQCD and AdS/CFT limits and compare results with Glauber and CGC/KLN initial conditions. We find, however, that even the high-pT second moment is most sensitive to the poorly known early-time evolution during the first fm/c. Moreover, we demonstrate that quite generally the energy and density-dependence leads to an overquenching jet fragments relative to the first LHC RAAR_{AA}-data, once the parameters of the energy-loss model are fixed from RAAR_{AA}-data at RHIC.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, version accepted for publication in J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. as conference proceedings for Quark Matter 2011, May 23 - May 28, Annecy, Franc

    Overview of experimental results in PbPb collisions at sqrt{s_NN} = 2.76 TeV by the CMS Collaboration

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    The CMS experiment at the LHC is a general-purpose apparatus with a set of large acceptance and high granularity detectors for hadrons, electrons, photons and muons, providing unique capabilities for both proton-proton and ion-ion collisions. The data collected during the November 2010 PbPb run at sqrt{s_NN} = 2.76 TeV was analyzed and multiple measurements of the properties of the hot and dense matter were obtained. Global event properties, detailed study of jet production and jet properties, isolated photons, quarkonia and weak bosons were measured and compared to pp data and Monte Carlo simulations.Comment: 8 pages, 10 figures, proceedings for Quark Matter 2011, Annecy, France, May 23-28, 201

    Hadron Production at Intermediate pTp_T at RHIC

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    Large proton and antiproton enhancement with respect to pions has been observed at intermediate transverse momentum pT≈p_T \approx 2-5 GeV/cc in Au+Au collisions at RHIC. To investigate the possible source of this anomaly, the production of ϕ\phi mesons and two particle angular correlations triggered by mid-pTp_T baryons or mesons are studied. We also present the first measurement of proton and antiproton production at sNN=62.4\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 62.4 GeV in Au+Au collisions, which aims to study the energy dependence of the observed baryon enhancement.Comment: 7 pages, 5 figures, proceedings of Hot Quarks 2004 workshop, Taos Valley, New Mexico, 18-24 Jul 2004,, to be published in J. Phys.

    Quasi-fission reactions as a probe of nuclear viscosity

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    Fission fragment mass and angular distributions were measured from the ^{64}Ni+^{197}Au reaction at 418 MeV and 383 MeV incident energy. A detailed data analysis was performed, using the one-body dissipation theory implemented in the code HICOL. The effect of the window and the wall friction on the experimental observables was investigated. Friction stronger than one-body was also considered. The mass and angular distributions were consistent with one-body dissipation. An evaporation code DIFHEAT coupled to HICOL was developed in order to predict reaction time scales required to describe available data on pre-scission neutron multiplicities. The multiplicity data were again consistent with one-body dissipation. The cross-sections for touch, capture and quasi-fission were also obtained.Comment: 25 pages REVTeX, 3 tables, 13 figures, submitted to Phys. Rev

    Reaction Operator Approach to Multiple Elastic Scatterings

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    We apply the GLV Reaction Operator formalism to compute the effects of multiple elastic scatterings of jets propagating through dense matter. We derive the elastic Reaction Operator and demonstrate that the recursion relations have a closed form solution that reduces to the familiar Glauber form. We also investigate the accuracy of the Gaussian dipole approximation for jet transverse momentum broadening.Comment: 9 pages, 4 .ps figures. Uses REVTeX and bbox.st

    Strange particle production at RHIC in a single-freeze-out model

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    Strange particle ratios and pT-spectra are calculated in a thermal model with single freeze-out, previously used successfully to describe non-strange particle production at RHIC. The model and the recently released data for phi, Lambda, anti-Lambda, and K*(892) are in very satisfactory agreement, showing that the thermal approach can be used to describe the strangeness production at RHIC.Comment: We have added the comparison of the model predictions to the newly released Lambda and K*(892) pT-spectra from STA
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