6 research outputs found

    El desmantelamiento de las fronteras. AnĂĄlisis comparativo de las actividades mercantiles de las mujeres en Brabante y Vizcaya, ca. 1420-ca. 1550

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    RESUMEN En Dismantling the Borders comparo las actividades laborales de mujeres en Brabante y Bizkaia de 1420 a 1550. Historiadores especializados en gĂ©nero han estado debatiendo las diferencias en las oportunidades laborales de mujeres premodernas en el norte y en el sur de Europa. Algunos investigadores argumentan que las diferencias en las estructuras legales y familiares conllevaron menos oportunidades econĂłmicas para las mujeres en el sur de Europa. En mi estudio, reevalĂșo este debate y argumento que se han de reevaluar los contextos locales, en concreto, las instituciones responsables de la organizaciĂłn del trabajo en las diferentes regiones. En las ciudades Brabantinas – Malinas y Amberes – la mayor parte de las ocupaciones estaban organizadas en gremio, unas instituciones extremadamente patriarcales y masculinizadas. Por ende, el trabajo de las mujeres dependĂ­a en gran medida de su estatus familiar y social. La ausencia de estas instituciones en Bilbao – la ciudad BizkaĂ­na estudiada – favoreciĂł unas oportunidades laborales mĂĄs independientes para las mujeres activas en sectores del mercado laboral poco lucrativos.ABSTRACT In Dismantling the Borders I compare women’s labour opportunities in Brabant and Biscay from 1420 to 1550. Scholars studying gender in premodern Europe have been debating differences in premodern women’s labour opportunities in northern and southern Europe. Some scholars have argued that diverging family structures and legal structures in the two regions resulted in better economic positions for women in northern Europe. In my research project, I reassess this debate and argue for involving local contexts in the regional comparison – more specifically the institutions responsible for the organization of work. In the Brabantine case studies, Antwerp and Mechelen, most occupations were organized in guilds – extremely patriarchal and masculine institutions. As a result of this organization in guilds, women’s labour opportunities in Brabant were highly dependent on their social status and marital status. In Bilbao – the Biscayan case study – occupations were rarely organized in such corporations, resulting in more independent labour opportunities for women active in less lucrative market sectors in the town

    ‘Van den vleeschouweren oft pensvrouwen’* De economische mogelijkheden voor vrouwen in het Leuvense vleeshouwersambacht in de vijftiende en zestiende eeuw

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    Women’s economic activity in the butcher’s guild of fifteenth and sixteenth-century Leuven This article examines women’s agency in the butchers’ guild in Leuven during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. An analysis of urban ordinances demonstrates that the corporation allowed women of various marital status to work in the trade. Married women acted frequently as active substitutes of their husbands or as part of a family production unit. Unmarried women, most often widows, were allowed to perform certain tasks independently. This contrasts with findings in earlier studies about gendering in butchers’ guilds in other towns. I argue that the changing hereditary character of the corporation influenced women’s agency in the trade

    De Leuvense ambachtenwereld - een mannenwereld?

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    ‘Van den vleeschouweren oft pensvrouwen’* De economische mogelijkheden voor vrouwen in het Leuvense vleeshouwersambacht in de vijftiende en zestiende eeuw

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    Women’s economic activity in the butcher’s guild of fifteenth and sixteenth-century LeuvenThis article examines women’s agency in the butchers’ guild in Leuven during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. An analysis of urban ordinances demonstrates that the corporation allowed women of various marital status to work in the trade. Married women acted frequently as active substitutes of their husbands or as part of a family production unit. Unmarried women, most often widows, were allowed to perform certain tasks independently. This contrasts with findings in earlier studies about gendering in butchers’ guilds in other towns. I argue that the changing hereditary character of the corporation influenced women’s agency in the trade

    ‘Van den vleeschouweren oft pensvrouwen’* De economische mogelijkheden voor vrouwen in het Leuvense vleeshouwersambacht in de vijftiende en zestiende eeuw

    Get PDF
    Women’s economic activity in the butcher’s guild of fifteenth and sixteenth-century Leuven This article examines women’s agency in the butchers’ guild in Leuven during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. An analysis of urban ordinances demonstrates that the corporation allowed women of various marital status to work in the trade. Married women acted frequently as active substitutes of their husbands or as part of a family production unit. Unmarried women, most often widows, were allowed to perform certain tasks independently. This contrasts with findings in earlier studies about gendering in butchers’ guilds in other towns. I argue that the changing hereditary character of the corporation influenced women’s agency in the trade
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