57 research outputs found

### On ergodic two-armed bandits

A device has two arms with unknown deterministic payoffs and the aim is to asymptotically identify the best one without spending too much time on the other. The Narendra algorithm offers a stochastic procedure to this end. We show under weak ergodic assumptions on these deterministic payoffs that the procedure eventually chooses the best arm (i.e., with greatest Cesaro limit) with probability one for appropriate step sequences of the algorithm. In the case of i.i.d. payoffs, this implies a "quenched" version of the "annealed" result of Lamberton, Pag\{e}s and Tarr\{e}s [Ann. Appl. Probab. 14 (2004) 1424--1454] by the law of iterated logarithm, thus generalizing it. More precisely, if $(\eta_{\ell,i})_{i\in \mathbb {N}}\in\{0,1\}^{\mathbb {N}}$, $\ell\in\{A,B\}$, are the deterministic reward sequences we would get if we played at time $i$, we obtain infallibility with the same assumption on nonincreasing step sequences on the payoffs as in Lamberton, Pag\{e}s and Tarr\{e}s [Ann. Appl. Probab. 14 (2004) 1424--1454], replacing the i.i.d. assumption by the hypothesis that the empirical averages $\sum_{i=1}^n\eta_{A,i}/n$ and $\sum_{i=1}^n\eta_{B,i}/n$ converge, as $n$ tends to infinity, respectively, to $\theta_A$ and $\theta_B$, with rate at least $1/(\log n)^{1+\varepsilon}$, for some $\varepsilon >0$. We also show a fallibility result, that is, convergence with positive probability to the choice of the wrong arm, which implies the corresponding result of Lamberton, Pag\{e}s and Tarr\{e}s [Ann. Appl. Probab. 14 (2004) 1424--1454] in the i.i.d. case.Comment: Published in at http://dx.doi.org/10.1214/10-AAP751 the Annals of Applied Probability (http://www.imstat.org/aap/) by the Institute of Mathematical Statistics (http://www.imstat.org

### Semiparametric estimation of a two-component mixture model

Suppose that univariate data are drawn from a mixture of two distributions that are equal up to a shift parameter. Such a model is known to be nonidentifiable from a nonparametric viewpoint. However, if we assume that the unknown mixed distribution is symmetric, we obtain the identifiability of this model, which is then defined by four unknown parameters: the mixing proportion, two location parameters and the cumulative distribution function of the symmetric mixed distribution. We propose estimators for these four parameters when no training data is available. Our estimators are shown to be strongly consistent under mild regularity assumptions and their convergence rates are studied. Their finite-sample properties are illustrated by a Monte Carlo study and our method is applied to real data.Comment: Published at http://dx.doi.org/10.1214/009053606000000353 in the Annals of Statistics (http://www.imstat.org/aos/) by the Institute of Mathematical Statistics (http://www.imstat.org

### Semiparametric topographical mixture models with symmetric errors

Motivated by the analysis of a Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging data considered in Bowen et al. (2012), we introduce a semiparametric topographical mixture model able to capture the characteristics of dichotomous shifted response-type experiments. We propose a local estimation procedure, based on the symmetry of the local noise, for the proportion and locations functions involved in the proposed model. We establish under mild conditions the minimax properties and asymptotic normality of our estimators when Monte Carlo simulations are conducted to examine their finite sample performance. Finally a statistical analysis of the PET imaging data in Bowen et al. (2012) is illustrated for the proposed method.Comment: 19 figure

### Semiparametric mixtures of symmetric distributions

We consider in this paper the semiparametric mixture of two distributions equal up to a shift parameter. The model is said to be semiparametric in the sense that the mixed distribution is not supposed to belong to a parametric family. In order to insure the identifiability of the model it is assumed that the mixed distribution is symmetric, the model being then defined by the mixing proportion, two location parameters, and the probability density function of the mixed distribution. We propose a new class of M-estimators of these parameters based on a Fourier approach, and prove that they are square root consistent under mild regularity conditions. Their finite-sample properties are illustrated by a Monte Carlo study and a benchmark real dataset is also studied with our method

### A simple variance inequality for U-statistics of a Markov chain with applications

We establish a simple variance inequality for U-statistics whose underlying sequence of random variables is an ergodic Markov Chain. The constants in this inequality are explicit and depend on computable bounds on the mixing rate of the Markov Chain. We apply this result to derive the strong law of large number for U-statistics of a Markov Chain under conditions which are close from being optimal

### Semiparametric topographical mixture models with symmetric errors

Motivated by the analysis of a Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging data considered in Bowen et al. (2012), we introduce a semiparametric topographical mixture model able to capture the characteristics of dichotomous shifted response-type experiments. We propose a local estimation procedure, based on the symmetry of the local noise, for the proportion and locations functions involved in the proposed model. We establish under mild conditions the minimax properties and asymptotic normality of our estimators when Monte Carlo simulations are conducted to examine their finite sample performance. Finally a statistical analysis of the PET imaging data in Bowen et al. (2012) is illustrated for the proposed method

### The Logarithmic Sobolev Constant of The Lamplighter

We give estimates on the logarithmic Sobolev constant of some finite lamplighter graphs in terms of the spectral gap of the underlying base. Also, we give examples of application
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